Kautsky believes that imperialism is a policy adopted by industrialized states so as to cope with the loss of agrarian traditions in the core. His theory of imperialism suggests that industrialized states adopt peripheral states to acquire more agricultural land so as to sustain the core. (Academia) He states that this is the main reason for the colonial wars that took place for expansion and brought about the rise of colonial empires. Hence, his solution to these wars was the formation of cartels amongst the capitalist
As stated by Rummel (1977), Marx observed the society to its main classes, and the struggle amid them as the engine of modification. The arrangement itself was a derivative and ingredient in the conflicts between social classes. As Marx saw the change in class conflict, the brawl between classes were initially narrowed to individual factories. Eventually, the development of capitalism, the rising difference between life conditions of bourgeoisie and proletariat and the aggregate homogenization within each class, individual struggles become generalized to coalitions across factories. Thus, the class struggle is distorted into a working-class revolution.
It is the “stormy growth” of industry in England that transformed slavery in the United States into a form of commercial exploitation. This transition from pre-capitalist slavery to capitalist slavery comes about when the system devoted to earning subsistence evolves to a system that aims to generate surplus-value. In this process, the working condition is worsened. This becomes the seed for violent crises. Wage labour emerges from the breakdown of the system of slavery and serfdom however if slavery does survive as an anomaly, the slave owners become the capitalist, slaves the proletariats and the product becomes commodity.
Again as different from Psychoanalysis, false consciousness in the individual is the result of economic ordering rather than the working of libidinal forces and the unconscious mind. History for Marx is site of continual conflict, a conflict of domination and subordination. What creates false consciousness and victimises the poor is ideology. Ideology articulates the ruling ideas of the society and transforms those ideas into common ideas of the society. Ideology is a strategy of universalizing and naturalizing the ideology of the rich and the aristocratic.
Karl Marx, being an economist, believes that these social classes are a direct result of economic factors. Pierre Bourdieu, on the other hand, extended his work beyond economics and touches upon other aspects of life to provide comprehensive explanation of class phenomena in the society. Thus my paper will seek to explain the class from these two sociologist’s view point and also I will explain the factors that lead to the formation of the working class according to these social theorists. Marx, in his conflict theory, argues that inequalities of power, wealth and status in the society are all the consequences of social stratification. In his opinion, there are two classes in the society, one possessing immense power and wealth, the ‘Bourgeoisie’, and the other who have minuscule or no wealth at all,
Conflict Theory and its Description Conflict theory can be considered as the basis for Marxism and communism that highlight and showcases the inequalities that exist in societies. The unavoidably lead to conflict between groups or classes of people and this conflicts ends with revolution and overthrow of the more privileged group of the two. Conflict theory stresses the role of force and power in producing social order. Moreover, the theory is concentrate on how the resource, power and inequality have been distributed. Also it looks at the social life as a completion between the different classes or parties, which ends and result in changes in the society.
Discuss three main ideas from the Communist Manifesto This essay will be discussing three fundamental ideas from the ‘Communist Manifesto’ by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels. In this manifesto Marx contrasts the communist’s aims with the existing capitalist’s ones. This essay will be evaluating Marx’s idea that class struggle is the creation of history, the bourgeoisie was responsible for their own collapse and the antagonistic relationship between capital and wage labour creates private property. These ideas are important because they led people to believe there was a need for change from capitalism. Capitalism is a way of organising that is based on means of production, profit and competition.
In particular, one of Marx’s most recognised concepts is the notion of exploitation within capitalism. Although Durkheim saw industrialism as an opportunity, Marx’s animosity towards the bourgeoisie capitalising off of working-class labour, otherwise known as exploitation, was one of his most fervent concepts. Consequently, the industrial revolution manifested in more concentrated tasks for the working-class. This specialization evoked key ideas among all three theorists regarding its influence on society such as Weber’s concept on bureaucracy, Durkheim’s on anomie, and ultimately Marx’s on alienation. Additionally, Marx and Weber touched base on capitalists and the labour movement.
Erik Olin Wright’s theory is an adaptation from the classical Marxism to modern-day economies, to ‘scientifically define and clarify concepts such as class and empirically test them”.2 Karl Marx’s theory helps us to understand the fundamentals of society and the reasoning behind the individuals’ behaviour. Within the Marxist tradition, the most salient aspect of historical variation in inequality is the ways in which economic systems vary in the manner in which an economic surplus is produced and appropriated, and classes are therefore defined with respect to the mechanisms of surplus extraction. Erik Olin Wrights theory helps us to understand class at a micro-level comparing to Marx’s analysis at a
Karl Marx and Fredrick Engels presented a theory in which they instigated the deprived class (Proletariats) to bring revolution and fight for their rights. Hence, the philosophy of Marx was based on the classless society. He also gave the idea of Dialectic Materialism in which he stated that only materialistic factors were responsible for bringing revolution in society and the main dominating factor was economy. Hence, it was obligatory for