Leon F. Litwack's The Abolition Of Slavery?

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During the first half of the 19th century in the United States, there were some African-Americans in the Northern states classified as “Free Blacks.” However, as these free Blacks are not slaves, they were not truly free. This group contained certain human rights such as voting, assembly, religion, school, and so on. Yet, all of previous rights mentioned had major restrictions. As well as limitations, there was most certainly discrimination against non-Whites. Free Blacks in the North were free to be American citizens, however, not free to be members of society. The New England, Mid-Atlantic, as well as some of the Midwest states were the first of the states to abolish slavery shown in Leon F. Litwack’s “The Abolition of Slavery 1777-1865” map. Litwack’s map shows when each state abolished slavery which displays that the Northern states were among the first to do so. Once abolition started in the North, those that were slaves, became “free.” Eventually, the freed slaves began to obtain rights. Yet, some states were more open to establishing human rights for Blacks than others. For example, African-Americans were allowed the right to assemble and the right to religion. The print “African Americans worship in Cincinnati, Ohio” demonstrates a black church with free blacks worshiping (Document D). Yet, the African Americans were not allowed to worship among or along with Whites. Another right free Blacks were allowed were the right to vote… in five out of sixteen of the
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