When all blacks were released from slavery, what rights did they really have? During that time, African Americans were not entirely free with all of their desired rights, as they still did not have complete political, economic, and social rights. Back then, African Americans did not have wholesome political rights. According to document A which shows the voting and jury rights of blacks in the north of 1860, only a few states, the New England states, had rights to suffrage. And this was only the male population of the New England region.
Renata Higuera Nat Turner Essay US History- Mr. Chen Before 1831, few and uncommon significant slave revolts occurred in North America, despite the comparatively substantial slave population. Many southern slave owners accredited this aspect of American slave culture to the supposed approval, complacency and passivity of their slaves, and though most knew of the major insurrections in other countries, they probably felt that they had assured certain control over their slaves. Nat Turner’s rebellion abolished this notion entirely. This rebellion demonstrated slaves’ capability of organizing and planning resistance and showed that they were not always willing to accept oppression. Though the revolt was unsuccessful in that it was extinguished
They did so by passing laws that helped protect those who used to be slaves, also known as “freedmen”, as well as to those who were already free before the war in the South. Although some African-Americans still faced some discrimination, the Reconstruction Era marked progress — African-Americans were even granted the right to vote. However, in the 1870s, with the help of rebel groups like the Ku Klux Klan and the White League, who intimated African-Americans from voting, the Democrats gradually regained power in the Southern states. These Southern Democrat governments, who were very angered by their defeat in the Civil War, and who held White supremacism beliefs, then scraped the freedmen protection laws and legislated Jim Crow laws, segregating the population in an attempt to disenfranchise and maltreat African-Americans. The segregation laws were named after the fictional blackface character Jim Crow played by Thomas Dartmouth
The 14th Amendment (1868) guaranteed African Americans citizenship rights and promised that the federal government would enforce "equal protection of the laws." Moreover, the 15th Amendment (1870) stated that no one could be denied the right to vote based on "race, colour or previous condition of servitude." These amendments were created during the reconstruction era. Although these amendments were enacted, by the Congress, it does not mean that they were accepted by society. By 1872, 1,510 African Americans held office in the southern states.
From the 1600s, African Americans were treated as slaves for white people. They had a very difficult life in their way of living. In 1861 the north were against having slaves, but the south wanted to allow slavery. Then the Civil War between the North and South began. Finally, the North won, and the slaves became free.
Of course, this lack of sameness is not something they could change. One race cannot simply defy nature and transform into a completely different race. The blacks were not only aware of this fact, but they also embraced it and pushed for equal rights.
One main accomplishment that began before the Civil Rights Movement was the registration of black voters. Douglass understood this after the end of the Civil war, when blacks were treated just as poorly by whites in the south, and through the passage of the Jim Crow laws and segregation. However, he instead of fighting for the black vote, supported women’s suffrage. He even spoke on several occasions for Suffragette and friend Susan B. Anthony. Douglass understood that with more voters out there, albeit white, female, voters, this would pave the way for the eventual black
This time was from1865-1877. Other laws like Jim Crow laws were set, which meant blacks and whites would be separated in simple tasks such as going to public restrooms. Amendments began to be set but the 14th Amendment was important and made a big impact in 1868, when it granted citizenship to any person born in the United States. The amendment guaranteed that every individual would be treated with equal protection of the laws. Though the Reconstruction era offered many positive changes, I do think that it had its share of both success and failure.
However, the South America did not do that and they published a new law, which mainly talked about if the slaves who belong to the South ran away to North. The slaveholder had power to catch them back. From 1850 to 1870, in these 20 years the laws of the South did not allow slaves ran away to the North. That is unfair, every people want free and a place where there was no slavery, no slaveholder everyone is equal. However, some people built some laws to prevent people to go there.
This left the freedmen with the more rundown environments while the whites were able to have the best of the best wherever they happened to go. They were also used in order to make the ability to vote more restrictive and difficult to achieve. In order for the freedmen to have the ability to vote many, many obstacles would have to be overcome, such as having to pay a steep poll tax and pass extremely difficult tests, such as literacy tests. Even though the “Jim Crow” style of segregation disfranchised the majority of the freedmen, the South was still able to have it imposed. The reason for the “Jim Crow” laws being able to be enforced upon the society in the South was due to the fact that the freedmen did not have any support of the North to prevent the South from being able to achieve such extremes.