Leadership―an ability characterized by a person's capability to command, organize a plan of action, and recruit followers who will undertake these tasks. In the novel, Lord of the Flies, author William Golding illustrates this trait using two distinct characters with starkly different approaches to leadership: Ralph and Jack. When a plane crashed onto the island, a group of school-aged boys were found stranded, amid the destruction of war above. At first, there is a sense of concordance on how the island was to be run, as the wielder of the conch, Ralph was democratically elected. Ralph executes his orders with the objective of survival; he puts the boys on the island to work, making huts, scavenging the new territory, and hunting for food.
When Jack tries to go out to hunt, Ralph continually tells him he needs to stay and keep a fire: “‘I said before the fire is a main thing. Now the fire must be out--... Hasn't anyone get any sense, we've got to relight the fire. You never thought of that, Jack, did you? Or don't you want to be rescued?’”(146).
For example, not eating people is part of being a “good guy”, furthermore, carrying the fire comes to mean having basic human and moral decency. Trust relates back to this moment because we can clearly see how far the man is willing to go to protect his son, who could also be compared to the fire. Considering the boy, who is naturally trusting and compassionate, fits the man’s description of “carrying the fire” as he has the human decency to help those who might or might not want to harm
He is willing to sacrifice his life in order to reciprocate the gift that has been given to him by his lord. When he sees Beowulf struggle with the dragon he pleas to the other warriors to help, but they flea and Wiglaf is the only one left, “I shall stand by you.” (2668). This relationship is wildly reminiscent of that of David and Jonathan in 1 Samuel within the old testament. Moreover, in 1 Samuel, the friends know they are not supposed to be seen together, due to king Sauls damnation of David, they meet in secret in a field and make a coventant,“Then Jonathan said to David, “Whatever you say, I will do for you.”.” (19:4). Jonathan loved David as he loved himself and a comparison can be made in this relationship of Beowulf and Wiglaf.
A good leader does not ignore other people instead he care for them. The saying which say “power corrupts” is true because when Ralph killed a pig for the very first time his personality changes .he feels superior than others. Ralph showed good qualities of leadership as he selected Jack to lead the choir, “Jack’s in charge of the choir,” (William Golding, Lord of the flies, 1954, p. 30). Ralph’s leadership was productive, as he was concerned about the boys’ safety, and instead of letting them play around he came with an idea of building huts. He thought of building shelters to protect them and a signal fire for their rescue.
The fire that the boys created pushed away the darkness and their fears about the beast, bringing light to the darkest of times, quite literally. The fire was also a symbol of civilization, that the boys would survive and get rescued. Fire is quite profound in what it reveals about humans. The fire was the object that the hunters didn’t have, it was desirable because it was limited. The fire brought out the innate greed that humans possess.
The author applies Jack in the novel in order so people understand the thirst for power in society. Jack is a character whose behavior is shaped by the mentality of being the best which is frequently encountered in society, given that extremely ambitious people would do anything in order to have influence and fame. Like Jack, a lot of people will manipulate their friends in order to exert power over them, wanting to keep their high position in society. Specifically, in chapter 2, Ralph requested that the boys stay on the hill in order to illuminate the island, thus them being rescued. Jack persuaded the other boys to make a fire to scare away the beast.
To further draw a comparison using the very questions or rather similes, Blake emphasizes the fact that in the very manner the fly’s life was thoughtlessly brushed away, similarly his life can be terminated by another man without “thought”, or perhaps even by the hand of God himself. He establishes this strong message by skillfully personifying the fly. Meaning, he gives the fly human qualities and abilities such as; dancing, singing and drinking, he portrays the fly in the first stanza as playing in the summer, the very way that man does. Using this device, what Blake does is demonstrates the enjoyable lifestyle of the fly in the same way man enjoys life. However, suddenly during all that expression of happiness by the fly; he dies by the
Behind this humor, however, is a deeper meaning. The absurdity which each character experiences brings to light the message of the story: war is pointless. Colonel Cathcart, who put in place the unwritten rule of “Catch-22” did so simple because he wants to be promoted to a General. Major Major has never even flown a mission yet is promoted to Major because they “needed a new Major.” Major Major just wants to be left alone so he creates his own “Catch-22” so that no one can see him. Yossarian, who quickly learns that the Catch-22 means no escape, just wants to go home.
The first pilot in cited issues such as lack of runway lights were an issue on serval runways, thus making an attempt to justify not questioning if he was in the correct place. Confirmation bias is powerful. In the Lexington case study, multiple cues were missed by the pilots to that they should have been aware of that would let them know that they were on the wrong runway. Minimization is way to discount the positive or negative elements of a situation and which in return allows them to not be held accountable for their actions. (Hill, K.L., 2001) The crew definitely only excepted data that supported their thought processes at the time.