Mohandas Gandhi was born on October 2, 1869, in what is now the Indian state of Gujarat. Also known as Mahatma, a title of respect which means “Great Soul” in Sanskrit – the language of Hinduism and Buddhism, he was the child of a minister; his mother was a devoted practitioner of Vaishnavism – an ascetic religion governed by the tenets of self-discipline and nonviolence. According to Gandhi, to act out against a law that was unjust or immoral was an act of civil disobedience. In order for resistance to be civil, Gandhi set forth certain criteria that had to be met including (1) An individual would harbor no anger. (2) On would have to endure an opponent’s anger and attempts to harm him – never taking action against the other person.
Mahatma Karamchand Gandhi was a humanitarian who used peaceful topics to fight for the freedom of India. He walked 250 miles from his Ashram to Dandi, a coast off of Eastern India. He then proceeded to pick up a lump of salt, thereby defying British Law. This story leads us to ask the question, why did Gandhi’s nonviolent movement work? Basically, he could convince the people to join him instead of killing off nonbelievers. He also because of how crippled Britain was, and the fact that his base of followers was so devoted and big. These three reasons combined were the main reasons that Gandhi won freedom for his country.
Mohandas Gandhi was a “key figure in the Indian struggle for independence.” He worked to use nonviolent ways to fight for equality and change in India. Gandhi was able to unite many groups and “inspired the common people of India to work for change.” In addition, Gandhi advocated using a more traditional approach (Wadley 202). Although Mohandas Gandhi 's satyagraha campaign caused violence, his advocacy for those who were discriminated against in Indian society led to the initial unification of India to gain independence from Great Britain. Gandhi’s attempt to peacefully fight for independence still left a considerable amount of violence during protests. Gandhi advocated for oppressed or mistreated groups, such as untouchables, women, and those
Gandhi people manage their anger and have peace against the British. He did this by creating a philosophy and encouraging people to follow that philosophy. Gandhi also used peace instead of violence against the British. Gandhi did this because he believed that he can achieve peace among everybody. Gandhi’s philosophy didn't work on everyone. He expected people to take on the British peacefully instead of violently. Mahatma Gandhi was a great human rights activist when the British and believed that everyone should be equal.
Mahatma Gandhi was a civil rights leader. Gandhi is credited with freeing India from British rule. Gandhi was born on October 2, 1869. He studied in London to become a lawyer and went to South Africa to practice law. While he was in South Africa he began to congregate with the Indian population and held silent strikes against social injustices (Biography.com). He practiced non-violence protests; his protests sparked civil rights movements all over the world, including the United States. Gandhi’s movement was taking place during the mid-1900s. Mahatma Gandhi is a symbol of achieving change through peaceful methods.
The movie Gandhi was an inspiring depiction of the life of Mohandas Gandhi and the impact that he made on India in gaining its independence from Britain through the act of non-violent protest that made it possible. The film reveals the period of Indian immigrants being suppressed by the British authorities in 1893 South Africa. It shows the slow transformation of changes that occurs within India with the arrival of the Indian lawyer Gandhi who came to South Africa to be a legal advisor to a firm, and had witnessed the tragic reality of the absence of basic rights that his fellow Indian people were being denied of. Moved by the suffering, Gandhi displayed his ability to see the injustice and felt obligated to fix it through the interconnectedness
Mohandas Gandhi was born in 1869 in the Indian coastal city. His family taught him to respect all religions and to believe that all living things are holy. Gandhi traveled to England to study law and after getting his degree returned to India. When Gandhi went back he saw that Indians were treated horribly by the British and they were forced to imitate them. Gandhi refused to live by this and believed people should live free of all class, wealth, and educational distinctions. He established a religious retreat where people could join him and purified his life. Gandhi felt that India’s self respect was tied to independence. Gandhi achieved his goal of gaining independence by civil disobedience, going to jail, and not seeing the British as the
Gandhi got arrested for his protest, but got arrested with pride, for he had fought for what he believed was right. “I… did not feel the slightest hesitation in entering the prisoner’s box” (Doc 7). After the large movement Gandhi led, he was proud of what he had accomplished. Gandhi was not the only one arrested for this movement, but like Gandhi, everyone who was arrested was perfectly fine with spending their time in jail. “Everyone of us was firm in his resolution of passing his term in jail in perfect happiness and peace” (Doc 7). He was not treated like royalty there but he lived in happiness and peace because he knew he was arrested for a good motive.People wanted to get arrested because they knew that if they got arrested was because their movement had had a large effect. “People had rushed down to get arrested. No one had been frightened. No one had tried to resist arrest. Many Negroes had gone voluntarily to the sheriff’s office to see if their names were on the list, and were disappointed when they were not” (Doc 8). Getting arrested was like getting rewarded for their actions, so people got disappointed when they were not. Participating in these movements was a great privilege for
Resistance to Civil Government (Civil Disobedience) is a dissertation written by American abolitionist, author and philosopher Henry David Thoreau published by Elizabeth Peabody in the Aesthetic Papers in 1849. Henry David Thoreau (1817-1862) was born and lived almost his life in Concord, Massachusetts. After finishing public and private school in Concord he attended the prestige Harvard University. He excelled at Harvard despite leaving school for several months due to health and financial setbacks. Mr. Thoreau graduated in the top half of his class in 1837. Mr. Thoreau argues that people should not allow any government to control or atrophy their thoughts or beliefs. Mr. Thoreau was an also remained a devoted abolitionist and has written
“You must not lose faith in humanity. Humanity is an ocean; if a few drops of the ocean are dirty, the ocean does not become dirty,” Mohandas Gandhi quoted. I have extremely admired Gandhi because his whole life be worked and fought for India’s Independence from the British Empire. Also another important person whom I have respected is Martin Luther King .Jr who attracted many people to his cause by delivering his speech “I have a dream.” He worked and fought for the Civil Right and social justice of African American from 1950’s to the 1960’s. While the difference between two great leaders: Mohandas Gandhi and Martin Luther King. Jr was their struggles during their fights for freedom, the similarities were both of them used nonviolent protest throughout their lives to reach their goal, believed in God, and achieved their goals after their death.
As the British empire passed the Salt Acts, which taxed the production of Indian salt, the outcome heavily affected India’s lower class. On March 12, 1930, Gandhi and his followers began a mass civil disobedience march known as the Salt March; it led to a breakout of civil disobedience of India’s people. Gandhi was later arrested for instigating civil disobedience throughout the nation. In January 1931, Gandhi was released and later met with British leaders, who acknowledged his determination and mass movement. India finally acquired independence in August
Gandhi’s followers, some but not all the people of India, were the ones to do this. While he was away they stood up and fought against the British regime. “At times the spectacle of unresisting men being methodically bashed into a bloody pulp sickened me so much that I had to turn away.” (Document B, Miller). Though they were being beaten to death they still never gave up. These people of India stood up against the regime and fought. They fought for the entirety of India. In doing so, they never lost hope and pushed on, which is another reason why the nonviolence worked. They stayed loyal and true and fought until it was the end of their lives, and in doing so, they changed the history of that rich and vibrant country. Even when Gandhi was not behind bars they pushed on. “..I shall proceed with such co-workers of the Ashram [Community] as I can take, to disregard the provisions of the Salt Laws.” (Document A, Gandhi). Gandhi knew he had people to back him and fight, (nonviolently speaking), with him. Even before the Salt March truly began people lined up behind Gandhi and joined him in his march for freedom. The loyalty of these people is what really kept the movement alive. The nonviolence worked because people were willing to sacrifice themselves for the greater good. “But whether or not we succeeded in obtaining these conveniences, every one of us was firm in his resolution of passing his term in jail in perfect happiness and peace.” (Document C, Gandhi). Gandhi’s followers knew the price they would have to pay for their civil disobedience, and they all accepted it. Their unwavering loyalty kept their movement alive. The real force behind the nonviolence was these people because they were the ones who truly had the power. The nonviolence worked because they believed in their country and they believed in themselves and their
Mohandas Gandhi is one of the greatest nonviolent activists ever. Gandhi came up with the word ahimsa, which meant nonviolence. He also introduced to the world the word satyagraha, which meant peaceful civil disobedience. In 1930 Gandhi and a group of followers began a march of more than 200 miles. Three and a half weeks later they made it to their destination, the sea. At the sea, Gandhi picked up a handful of salt. This act went against the British law mandating that they buy salt from their government and this law did not allow them to collect their own salt. That act was made to let the British government know that the Indian people were tired of being under Britain’s rule and they were tired of following all of the unjust laws that were
Many people say that violence is never the answer. This is true, violence cannot solve people 's problems. Gandhi, a prominent leader, believed in civil disobedience as he stated in his letter to the British Officials in India. Gandhi writes “And the conviction is growing deeper and deeper in me that nothing but unadulterated non- violence can check the organised violence” (Gandhi). Gandhi truly and deeply believed that nonviolence is more pure and will overcome violence. Gandhi was both a civil rights activist and leader. This leader accomplished the most incredible events. The salt march, was one of the biggest events that Gandhi lead. The salt march was a march of the Indian people intended to end the purchase of salt from the British. The salt march was indeed an example of Gandhi leading people non violently. The march was a success, and the people used nonviolence to do it. Gandhi was an incredible and an inspiration on lots of people all around the world including civil rights
Strongly established ideological disagreements and cultural variances have remained at the forefront of struggle dating back thousands of years, albeit the form of government and societal composition. In Gandhi 's "Hind Swaraj," Gandhi outlines his explicit and adversarial outlook surrounding the brittle relationship between the British Empire and India, along with his opinions on modernization and the methods of resistance India should engage. Firstly, the title of the text refers to Indian self-rule; meaning, the people of India should have absolute and unimpeded control of their government. It is essential to note that at the time of Gandhi 's writing, the British Empire ruled over India. Gandhi advocated for an India that is self-governed in accordance with Indian principles, values, and practices. Not one that simply operates within a British structure. Further, Gandhi allocates a small portion of his book to scrutinize modern civilizations and modern technologies. In this paper, through the examination of Gandhi 's theories proposed in his book "Hind Swaraj," I will contend that although Gandhi 's view of how civilization ought to be and Indian self-rule does hold some truth, there are various deficiencies in his reasoning and what implications his writing has on our modern society.