King was fed up with the way he and the black community were treated so he turned to peaceful protesting. King was in Birmingham because injustice was prominent. King was arrested on April 16, 1963. for ignoring an injunction by the government. During King’s time in jail, which was for eight days, he wrote “Letter from Birmingham Jail.” His letter was written to justify his actions and to defend his acts of nonviolent protests. In Dr.
The life experiences of Gandhi and Malcolm X have similarities. Malcolm X and Gandhi both have fought for civil rights in the countries that they both have lived. Gandhi did it by not listening and just doing what he pleased. Gandhi would get told not to do something and it would be perfectly legal but the British empire would arrest him for Civil Disobedience and then arrested again for sedition and sentenced to six years in prison. Malcolm X Ran into the same trouble Gandhi had, but was arrested for burglary and sentenced to 10 years in prison and got the nickname Satan for the teaching of hatred towards God and learned of the prophet Muhammad.
In 1963, Martin Luther King Jr. led a peaceful movement in Birmingham, Alabama. The purpose of the demonstration was to bring awareness and end to racial disparity in Birmingham. Later that night, King and his followers were detained by city authorities. While in custody, King wrote the famous “Letter from Birmingham Jail.” This letter voiced out his disappointment in the criticisms, and oppositions that the general public and clergy peers obtained. He as well emphasizes the importance of the demonstration in moral and historical grounds.
In Martin Luther King, Jr.’s essay, “Letter From a Birmingham Jail” and Henry David Thoreau essay “Civil Disobedience,” both share their opinions on social injustice and civil disobedience. They both believe that people can protest unfair and unjust laws imposed on them in a civil way. In addition, King and Thoreau are challenging the government with their essays, which they wrote after they got sent to jail. For protesting the treatment of blacks in Birmingham, Alabama, King spent eleven days in jail; Thoreau spent a night in jail for refusing to pay his poll tax. Both King and Thoreau’s essays present similar plans for a resolution.
This was specifically done to show white moderates that civil disobedience was not entirely a negative thing. Additionally, King’s “Letter from Birmingham Jail” had a secondary message, which urged African Americans to stick with peaceful protest and not resort to violence unlike some black nationalist groups such as the Nation of Islam led by Elijah Muhammad. King’s “I Have a Dream Speech” further built momentum for
“You don’t have peaceful revolution,” said X. (Biography.com Editors X) By the 60’s X had emerged as a lead voice of civil rights with a statement message that altered from Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.. “I feel that Malcolm has done himself and our people a great disservice.” Dr. King believed in nothing but peaceful protest, X believed that if it took violence for the point to be made so be it. After X returned from his journey to Mecca, he came back with a different mindset. He gained peaceful aspect to problems and was less angered. X used this method to deliver speeches and take part in protest with Dr.King.
On April 12, 1963 the Alabamian clergymen sent out a public letter discussing the violations that Martin Luther King Jr. was causing in Birmingham. Once King saw the letter , in jail after being imprisoned for peaceful marching in the civil rights movement, he responded explaining that the clergy weren’t doing anything to help out the African American racial injustices. Martin Luther King not only responded to the Alabamian clergymen’s criticism in his letter, he also addressed the local African American community in order to successfully convince them that they need to continue fighting for their equal rights. Martin Luther King strategically uses biblical allusions, knowing that his immediate audience is the clergy, and the reference to
Whatever affects one directly affects all indirectly”(King 1). He also declares his platform and his dream, “Over the past few year I have consistently preached that nonviolence demands that the means we use must be as pure as the ends we seek. So I have tried to make it clear that it is wrong to use immoral means to attain moral ends. But now I must affirm that it is just as wrong, or even more, to use moral means to preserve immoral ends” (King 6). Hand in hand with his letter, the rock band Queen composed a song about Martin Luther King.
Gandhi’s writing happens before the protest begins, and Thoreau’s writing happens when he is in jail for not paying the poll tax. Another similarities with Gandhi and Thoreau is when they wrote their expressions against the laws. Gandhi talked about Gandhi and Thoreau are recognize how both talked against the
The more nonviolent protests that the black South Africans carried out, the worse they got treated. Mandela explained this by saying “I planned it (violence) as a result of calm and sober assessment of the political situation that had arisen after years of tyranny, exploitation and oppression of my people by the whites”(2). This shows that when the protests had gotten together in a peaceful assessment then the whites would just start to oppress and exploit the blacks more. Another point is that thousands came to protest the laws one day and approximately 8,500 people were jailed for doing nothing but nonviolent protest. This is shown when Mandela says “The ANC launched a Defiance Campaign, in which I was placed in charge of volunteers.
As the Vietnam war intensified due to the Tet offensive, the protesting increased in D.C as well. The protests back home were gaining more people and becoming more violent. On March 28th, a demonstration led by the infamous Martin Luther King to support a strike of Memphis Sanitation workers exploded into a riot that led to the death of one marcher and called attention to the National Guard. This event caused Commander and Chief Lyndon B. Johnson to leave his chiefly duties in
Most Free-States colonists were antislavery but also anti-black; the Browns however believed in complete equality for black and were firm to fight for it. This period of political conflict over the matter of slavery is known as bleeding Kansas. Moreover, on May 21, 1856, ruffians robbed the new anti-slavery Town of Lawrence. When the news of the incident of Lawrence reached Brown’s station the Pottawatomie Rifle, which consisted of thirty-four men departed for the surround town but when they finally arrived it was too late. Furthermore, another mayor event that happened in in the capital building was the attack of the abolitionist Charles Sumner after denounced the “slave power” of committing “the rape of a virgin Territory” (94).
In Birmingham, Alabama on April 3, 1963, a civil rights campaign began. With coordinated marches and sit-ins against racism and racial segregation, the nonviolent operation was organized by the Alabama Christian Movement for Human Rights (ACMHR) and Martin Luther King 's Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC). After several days of protesting, a ban on parading, demonstrating, boycotting, trespassing and picketing was sanctioned. Leaders of the campaign declared they would defy the ruling. On April 12, King was arrested along with activist Ralph Abernathy, Fred Shuttlesworth and other protestors in front of thousands of African Americans dressed for Good Friday looked on.
In 1963 Martin Luther King Jr. helped to launch a series of nonviolent demonstrations in Alabama. They were met with strong opposition lead by Commissioner Eugene “Bull” Conner. He led a brutal effort to break up the marches using attack dogs, tear gas, cattle prods, and fire hoses sometimes against children. This was in full view of television cameras. A few months later George Wallace attempted to prevent enrollment of black students at the University of Alabama.