Crumpler’s aunt was a woman who spent much of her time caring for sick neighbors and friends. In the beginning of her book, A Book of Medical Discourses, she explained that being surrounded by the work of her aunt is what made her form a liking to relieving the suffering of others, which is what pushed her to go into medicine. Crumpler became a nurse, a profession that did not require formal education in that time, and cared for patients in Massachusetts for eight years. She was eventually admitted to the New England Female Medical college in 1860, and graduated in 1864. She was the first and only African American to graduate the school due to it closing in 1873.
Until the Civil war, she never stopped working for the American Anti-Slavery Society. But then she was more focused on pursuing women's rights. She started claiming the rights of both sexes and she established with her friend Stanton the American Equal Rights Association. In 1863 both Susan Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton established the Women's Loyal National League to demand some constitution amendments in the United States. It was the first American Women’s organization for anti-slavery movement as it was the only political tool for women at that time.
Oprah was originally named “Orpah” after the Biblical character in the book of Ruth, but there was a typo on her birth certificate. She was brought up by her grandmother, Hattie Mae Lee. Her grandmother taught Oprah to read and write by the age of three. Because they lived such poor lives, Oprah was made fun of for wearing dresses made of potato sacks and played with dolls made of corn husks. She actually didn’t receive her first pair of shoes until she was six years old.
She eventually left school later in her education to care for her sick grandmother and mother. Rosa McCauley became Rosa Parks when she married Raymond Parks, a man whom she had known due to both of their involvement with the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People. She finished getting her high school diploma and she continued her work in the racial equality of African Americans. She held many positions in the NAACP, such as the chapter’s youth leader and the secretary to the president of the NAACP. What she is most known for is her refusal to give up her bus seat to a white man.
Have you ever heard of the first African-American woman to go to college, get a B.A, become a teacher then a principal(no, I am not talking about the principal Mrs. Brown) I 'm talking about Mary Jane Patterson. She was born September 24, 1840 in Raleigh, North Carolina. Mary 's parents, Eliza Patterson and Henry Irving were runaway slaves that managed to take care of four kids (Mary, John,Emma and Chanie ann). In 1852, Patterson 's family left Raleigh and moved to Oberlin , Ohio because they wanted their children to go to college.
After her parents split, Rosa spent her childhood in Pine Level, Alabama and Birmingham, Alabama. Page: Growing up, Rosa went to school. She attended a one-room school where there were grades 1 through 6. Rosa was a good student and loved to learn from her mom or her teacher. Rosa’s school only had African American students.
Sarah Breedlove, also known as Madam C.J. Walker, born on December twenty-third of eighteen sixty-seven in Delta, Louisiana. Sarah Breedlove is to be considered lucky as to which she was the first child in her family to be a “free-born” from slavery once her parents were allowed to leave. She lived a tragedy at such an early age of seven with the withdrawal of her parents’ lives in this world. Sarah was then later in the custody of her older sister.
In 1833, she was the only woman to speak at the American Anti-Slavery Society’s meeting in Philadelphia. She tested the language of the society’s constitution and fortified support when many delegates were doubtful. Just 4 days later, Mott and approximately 30 other black and white women founded the Philadelphia Female Anti-Slavery Society, a place for women’s voices to be heard for the cause. Modeling their society after male organizations, the PFASS drafted a constitution and established an administrative body. Like other women’s auxiliaries they embarked on the traditional spectrum of activities: “the women raised funds for the Liberator and for the American Anti-Slavery Society.
Throughout her life, Harriet Tubman was a slave, nurse, spy, and a crucial aspect of the Underground Railroad. Helping to get people out of slavery and into freedom, Tubman changed the lives of many people. Before her tragic death in March of 1913, Harriet spent her later years supporting the poor individuals who were once slaves. Her great actions as an individual and charismatic qualities are what separated her and made her stand out. The things we discovered and acknowledged about Harriet Tubman will forever live on.
Frances Ellen Watkins Harper was born in 1825 in Baltimore, Maryland. She was the daughter of free black parents, who died when she was still young. She was raised by her educated uncle, William Watkins. Harper attended a school run by her uncle and after she graduated she taught in different schools. Even though she was a free black woman, she still fought against slavery and was an activist in an antislavery organization and a women’s right movement.
Ray was born in New York City on January 13, 1850 to Charlotte and Reverend Charles Bennett Ray. She was one of seven kids, growing up with two sisters and four brothers. Charlotte was the youngest of three girls. Her first years were spent in New York City but soon after in the 1860s Ray and her family moved to Washington, D.C. where she started school at the Institution for the Education of Colored Youth. This was the only school in the area that allowed African American girls.
Frederick Douglass was born Frederick Augustus Washington Bailey into slavery in Talbot County, Maryland, around 1818. It is unknown of the exact date of his birth. Later in life he chose to celebrate it on February 14. Douglass lived with his maternal grandmother, Betty Bailey. At a young age, Douglass was designated to live in the home of the plantation owners.
“In 1908, Mary co-founded the National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses with Adah B. Thomas. This organization attempted to uplift the standards and everyday lives of African-American registered nurses. The NACGN had a significant influence on eliminating racial discrimination in the registered
She was an American educator, stateswoman, philanthropist, humanitarian, and a civil rights activists best known for a starting a private school for African American girls in Daytona Beach, Florida. Mrs.Bethune didn’t come from a family who had already planned her whole life out, she had to work for it. Mrs.Bethune was always someone to fight for black freedom, as well as women’s rights. Mrs.Bethune served as president for 14 years leading campaigns against segregation and discrimination in the Nation Council of Negro Women, which was founded by Mrs.Bethune in the 1930s. In 1932, Mrs. Bethune was invited as a member of President Roosevelt’s Black Cabinet.
Wells was born a daughter to slaves in Mississippi. Six months after her birth their family was declared free through the Emancipation Proclamation. However they faced racial prejudices and discrimination. James Well, her father was a part of the Freedman’s Aid Society, which organized teachers from the North to teach in the schools in the South for African Americans free and their children. Along with starting up Shaw University, another school for freed blacks, this is where Wells received her early schooling but dropped out at the age of 16 when both of her parents and one of her siblings died due to yellow fever; this left Wells to take care of her other siblings.