The Native tribes in America have interacted with the Americans ever since they first arrived as English colonies and . The English Colonies which are now the United States of America have followed developing policies towards American tribes that depict the gradual but definite ultimate removal of the Indians. The decision to remove Cherokee Indians to lands west of the Mississippi in 1830 by the Jackson Administration was a significant change in social and political policy towards the tribes, but a continuation of economic policy.
By acknowledging the tribes as subjects of the United States, the Jackson administration changed previous U.S. political policy towards the tribes. In the film “Massacre at Mystic” On May 26, 1637 when the English …show more content…
The United States wanted the Indians to conform and assimilate, “Because of these purchases of Indian land, it is our duty to make new efforts for the preservation, improvement & civilization of the native inhabitants… For the earth was given to mankind to support the greatest number of which it is capable,...”(President Monroe, First Annual Message to Congress, 1817). The United States had been trying to civilise and assimilate Indians since the first prayer towns in the English colonies. We see this view changing in 1802 when Jackson addresses the attempts to civilize the Indians “It has long been the policy of the government to introduce among them the arts of civilization, in the hopes of gradually reclaiming them from a wandering life. This policy has been, however, coupled with another wholly incompatible with its success.”(Jackson’s First Annual Message to Congress). The Jackson Administration believed the Indians assimilating wasn’t beneficial and they couldn’t create an independent government. Jackson’s ended the assimilation attempt and gave the Indians land in which Indian culture could exist separate from the United States. This ended the previous idea that the economy could benefit from civilised natives and the Jackson Administration instead wanted nothing to do
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In order to control even more the natives, another Indian Appropriation Act was passed in 1871. It said that Indian tribes were no longer seen as an indepedent nation but that all Indians were just individuals, like everyone. But also that they were "wards" of the federal government. This obviously made the natives less powerful, because as a tribe, they were numerous so they had more power and they could have treaties with the government. But with the act, it did not work anymore.
Indian Removal policy The Indian removal act is the act called for the government to negotiate treaties that would make the Native Americans to relocate west. Andrew Jackson had supported a law of moving all the Native Americans to the West of the Mississippi. Andrew Jackson thought that the government had the right to regulate where Native Americans Were allowed to live. To solve this problem Andrew Jackson asked the Congress to make a Law that would make Native Americans either move west or to submit to state laws.(Jackson's Removal Policy) Andrew Jackson grew up really hating the Indians and grew up having the skull of Indians.
President Jackson supported the Indian removal with most of the rest of the nation, which he represented, giving him the opportunity to represent the “average” American citizen in the 1800s. Jackson called for the removal of Indians because he, along with the majority of the nation, wanted the United States population to be all white. “One more step toward making the United States a white man’s country.” He wanted more land for the population of the United States to take over, which happened to be the
Early in Jacksons administration he passed the Indian Removal Act (1830) which gave the government funding to remove the ‘Five Civilised Tribes’ which included the Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Creek and Seminole Indians – a total of nearly 60,000. The act authorised the relocation of the tribes previously situated to the east of the Mississippi river to the west. The act didn’t allow the forced removal of the tribes but it allowed Jackson to negotiate with the tribes for their land which he did and led to their removal. This was made worse as the tribes unlike the other Indian tribes had done all they could to integrate into American society. For example, the Cherokee tribe created their own written language which set a precedent for Indians, they established education for their children, and even created a constitution which they had to adhere to.
The government tried to force assimilation on Native Americans as well as an attempt to “kill the indian, save the man.” These ideas and policies are similar to those popular during the presidency of Andrew Jackson. Jackson developed a sense of ‘paternalism’ towards indians and believed he was saving them by forcing them to live out west of the Mississippi river away from white culture. The difference was that Jackson did not believe in assimilation of indians into white culture, he believed they should be kept separate. With the help of the Federal government removing indians from land west of the Mississippi, Americans were
The native policies of George Washington were formed on the basis of whether a native tribe was a supporter or an enemy of the United States. Following the American Revolution, George Washington, with the consent of Congress, ordered Major General John Sullivan to obliterate the Onondaga, Cayuga, and Seneca (three of the six native tribes of the Iroquois Confederacy who allied with Great Britain during the American Revolution). Despite this fact, George Washington maintained peaceful relations with Native American that supported the United States. For example, Georgia formed treaties with the Creeks that resulted in the cession of land which was not recognized by the Creeks. This issue was resolved by the Treaty of New York, which restored
As president Jackson had many plans for the United States. He founded the Democratic Party and supported the country with his individual liberty. That’s the bright side of what he has done, but on the darker side he has passed a law that would remove the Natives from their land. Gold was also found within Cherokee territory and that gave more reason to the greed thirsty Americans to remove the Natives from their land.
In today’s perspective we see Jackson action as inhumane and selfish for only simply satisfy his own need to manifest further into North America. Jackson on the other hand saw the removal act as preserving the culture of the Indians. The Indian problem was way more complex that just simply removing all of the Indians and shoving them westward. Jackson had a four solutions to choose from and believe it or not, the removal and relocation of the Indians was the most just. The first solution was just too simply destroy all of the Indians.
The Indian Removal Act authorized Jackson to give the Indians land west of the Mississippi in exchange for their land in the states, but could not force them to leave. He violated and broke commitments that he even negotiated with them. He tried to bribe the Indians and even threatened some of them. Alfred Cave organizes his article thematically and is trying to prove
He believed Jackson needed a reality check. The Indians were there first, it was their land. He force the Natives to move away from their homeland, with brute force. He believes Jackson could not justify his actions just because it was for America’s benefit. He also stated Jackson refused to listen to many people, and he refused to let Indians live.
Andrew Jackson was one of the most proud and aggressive presidents the United States of America had seen so far in it’s young age. A demonstration of such a personality was his enforcement of the Native American Removal Policy. This Policy stated that all Natives be moved west of the Mississippi River, regardless of the Supreme Court’s rulings. This act of removing Native Americans from The United States of America was very beneficial to Americans, but unfortunately, was not helpful to the Native Americans at all. From this policy, Americans would gain more land, end America’s dispute between states and Federation on Indians, and would allow existing states to have a larger population and stronger militia.
The Indian Removal Act was signed in 1830 by President Andrew Jackson to remove the Cherokee Indians from their homes and force them to settle west of the Mississippi River. The act was passed in hopes to gain agrarian land that would replenish the cotton industry which had plummeted after the Panic of 1819. Andrew Jackson believed that effectively forcing the Cherokees to become more civilized and to christianize them would be beneficial to them. Therefore, he thought the journey westward was necessary. In late 1838, the Cherokees were removed from their homes and forced into a brutal journey westward in the bitter cold.
During the time of Andrew Jackson’s presidency, one of the most unthought of acts gained so much support because of the way Jackson persuaded others. Jackson was able to institute the Indian Removal act by luring Americans in when he utilized special techniques called logical fallacies. Jackson has delivered numerous speeches that made Americans do preposterous things. Andrew Jackson was a man that chose his words with an abundance of thought. When going through this process, he made sure his listeners would unite and follow through with the action.
Throughout the 19th century Native Americans were treated far less than respectful by the United States’ government. This was the time when the United States wanted to expand and grow rapidly as a land, and to achieve this goal, the Native Americans were “pushed” westward. It was a memorable and tricky time in the Natives’ history, and the US government made many treatments with the Native Americans, making big changes on the Indian nation. Native Americans wanted to live peacefully with the white men, but the result of treatments and agreements was not quite peaceful. This precedent of mistreatment of minorities began with Andrew Jackson’s indian removal policies to the tribes of Oklahoma (specifically the Cherokee indians) in 1829 because of the lack of respect given to the indians during the removal laws.