On April 4th of 1928 Maya Angelou was born Marguerite Johnson in St. Louis, Missouri. She was given the name “Maya” by her brother, Bailey. Both Maya and Bailey were sent to live with their grandmother in Stamps, Arkansas after her parents divorced. When Maya went to visit her mother at the age of eight she was raped by her mother’s boyfriend. After testifying against him, several of her uncles beat the boyfriend to death in order to get revenge for what happened to her. Even though her grandmother helped her build her self-confidence, Maya felt guilty of causing his death by speaking his name so she stopped talking for about five years. In 1944, a short high school relationship led to a pregnancy in which she gave birth to her son, Guy, at the age of 16. Six years later she married a greek …show more content…
Some of the awards that she has been nominated for and has even received include: Chubb Fellowship given by Yale University, Coretta Scott King Honor for African-American authors of books for young people, Tony Award Nomination for her role in Broadway play Look Away, Matrix Award given by New York Women in Communication, and many others. Besides creating many inspiring poems Angelou also wrote many books in her time. One of her most known books is a memoir about her childhood called I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings. After being convinced by her friend James Baldwin, who kept urging her to write about her devastating past and how she benefited from those experiences, she finally wrote the book which resulted to becoming one of her best autobiographical work. This book was also a very crucial part of how her fame came to be. Another one of her autobiographical work is, A Song Flung Up to Heaven, which is about her trip from Ghana back to the United States and how she was struggling to cope with the assassinations of her two close friends Martin Luther King Jr., and Malcolm
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Background information and personal life Sarah Lois Vaughan, also know as “Sassy” or “The Divine One” was born in March 27, 1924 in Newark, New Jersey, U.S.A. She died in April 3, 1990 (aged 66) due to lung cancer. She was a very successful music artist from 1942–1990 who released over 20 albums. Her voice was one of the best in that time and she was also an extremely skilled pianist. Sarah was married three times.
Josephine Baker did many things for the Civil Rights Movement. In her years she also did some crazy things, for example wearing bananas as a dance costume. But she was known for many thing during the Civil War. When she was born she had a different name, then what she had later. When she was young she was very poor but still set her dreams on Broadway.
Maya Angelou was not always called by that name, she was originally named Marguerite Johnson. She was born in St. Louis, Missouri on April 4th, 1928. Mrs. Angelou was a poet, educator, actress, producer, historian, and a civil rights activist. Maya Angelou is significant in American history because she always fought for women’s rights, her songs always meant something, and people looked up to what she stood for.
Eleanor Roosevelt was a born leader. For more than 30 years, she was the most powerful woman in America. Niece of one president and wife of another, when her husband became president, she saw that as an opportunity to have her voice heard, and to pave a way for women in politics forever. Although Eleanor Roosevelt was considered a very outspoken and involved first lady she wasn't always this way, She grew up very sheltered and shy. Eleanor Roosevelt was born in New York City on October 11, 1884, to Anna Hall Roosevelt, and Elliott Bolloch Roosevelt, into a family of great wealth.
Marguerite Ann Johnson was born April 4, 1928 in St. Louis Missouri, at the age of three her parents divorce and Marguerite and her brother Bailey were sent to live with their grandmother in Stamps Arkansas. During her time leaving in Stamps Marguerite and her brother were exposed to racial discrimination but also were raised with in a very religious African American home. Marguerite and Bailey were very close, Bailey actually gave marguerite her nickname ‘Maya.” Bailey first started by calling his sister “My” as in my sister because he used to stutter. Overtime Bailey read a book on the Maya Indians and started to call his sister Maya and that has been here nickname since (Maya Angelou Biography -- Academy of Achievement.com).
Causing her and Bailey to be sent to live with their fathers mother in Stamp Arkansas. In mid-1930’s they returned to St. Louis to live with their mother, where seven year old Angelou was sexually assaulted by the mothers boyfriend. Angelou’s uncle had beaten her abuser to death, leading her to believe her testimony caused his death, and kept a five year vow of silence. During her vow she discovered her love of reading, anything from the Bible to Langston Hughes to William Shakespeare.
The Life and Accomplishments of Toni Morrison Toni Morrison was the first African- American women to win the Nobel Prize in 1993. She has considerable literary talents which voiced her passionate concerns about the condition of African- Americans, which as mostly women and stressed the importance of equality. She is known for her epic themes and richly detailed characters that reflected her passionate concerns for African-Americans, particularly women. Toni Morrison was born on February 18, 1931 in Lorain Ohio. Her real name is Chloe Anthony Wofford, she grew up during the Great Depression which has a lot of difficulties and economic hardships which led to her father working three jobs to support the family, which lasted for about seventeen
When Maya met novelist John Oliver Killens in 1959, she moved to New York to focus on her writing career. She joined the Harlem Writers Guild and met several major African-American authors, and was published for the first time. Angelou began writing about her life experiences, resulting in great success 1969, memoir I Know Why The Caged Bird Sings was written. The story made literary history as the first non fiction best-seller by an African American Female, resulting fame for Maya Angelou. Angelou had many things in common with other authors or activists, such as Susan B. Anthony, making her a kindred soul to Maya Angelou.
Angelou was able to open up and write about her personal life to connect with the readers which is what made her a memorable and amazing writer. The author’s story begins with Marguerite Ann Johnson, most famously known as Maya Angelou, born April 4, 1928 to Bailey Johnson and Vivian Baxter Johnson. Angelou was known for being a famous author, actress, screenwriter,
Maya Angelou recalls the first seventeen years of her life, discussing her unsettling childhood in her autobiography, I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings. Maya and Bailey were sent from California to the segregated South to live with their grandmother, Momma. At the age of eight, Maya went to stay with her mother in St. Louis, where she was sexually abused and raped by her mother’s boyfriend, Mr. Freeman. Maya confronts these traumatic events of her childhood and explores the evolution of her own strong identity. Her individual and cultural feelings of displacement, caused by these incidents of sexual abuse, are mediated through her love for literature.
His poem Sympathy is just one example of how he felt trapped like a caged bird in his life. Even though the Civil War was over, African Americans still did not have as many privileges and opportunities as most White people had. Most of Dunbar’s writing showed his perspective of life and the struggles that came with it. Maya Angelou was born in 1928 and suffered a hard childhood that later on affected her writing. When she was eight years old, Maya was sexually abused and raped by her mother’s boyfriend.
Today, Maya Angelou is known as a great poet, actress, screenwriter, author, and dancer. But at one moment in time, her powerful voice was unheard of. Her rough childhood, her parents’ divorce, and being raped by her mother’s boyfriend left Angelou overwhelmed. This left her too traumatized to speak for several years. She finally found her voice through traveling, acting, and writing.
Maya Angelou, born fourth of April 1928 in St. Louis, Missouri, was an Afro-American author, poet, dancer, singer, actress, and most importantly a civil rights activist and a feminist. Angelou was very much aware of the discrimination she faced in the society because of her race and sex. Nevertheless, she was a proud woman and that confidence showed through not only her work but in everything, she did. Angelou reached international recognition in 1969 when she posted her memoir “I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings”, the first non-fiction best seller by an African-American woman. Moreover, in 1971 she published the collection “Just Give Me a Cool Drink of Water ‘Fore I Die” which was nominated for a Pulitzer Prize.