There is increasing evidence on mental health disparities. Studies show that minorities are more likely to delay or not seek mental health care, receive less adequate care, and/or terminate care sooner (McGuire et al., 2008). These disparities in receiving care arise due to
The writer posited further that globally there are always disparities between host countries and immigrants as it relates to mental health. Canadian immigrants are least likely to get sick as compared to their global counterparts because of the stringent immigration policies here. The writer suggests further that social determinants both pre and post-migration plays a key role in the mental health of for immigrants in Canada in a both negative and positive way. The writer long with a team conducted a peer review on academics resources on mental health problems within the IRER communities. Over 1600 were perused covering depression suicide conduct disorder and mental illness amongst the IRER population.
The fields of mental health and public health have a long history of weak interactions, despite the possibilities for a stronger working relationship (Cooper 1990; Goldberg &Tantam, 1990; Goldstein, 1989). This relates mainly to the stigma of mental illness, and vagueness in the concepts of mental health and mental illness. The interest has grown recently for two main reasons. First, mental health is increasingly seen as fundamental to physical health and quality of life and thus needs to be addressed as an important component of improving overall health and well-being. The concept of health enunciated by WHO as encompassing physical, mental and social well-being is more and more seen as a practical issue for policy and practice.
Disparities in health care have been an ongoing issue for more than two decades. Evidence suggests that disparities in women and minority population continue to be problematic, with little progress being made to eliminate them. Ethnic and disparities exist for several different reasons. However, several national organizations have made efforts to reduce health disparities, including the Institute of Medicine, (IOM), and the Agency for Health Research and Quality (AHRQ) as well as Healthy People 20/20.
Additionally, there is a multitude of factors that have been known to contribute to homelessness. These factors include, but are not limited to, lack of affordable housing, economic insecurity, behavioral health, etc. Research has found that the main contributing factors for children living in homeless families are the lack of affordable housing, poverty, and domestic violence (Aratani, 2009). Similarly, mental illness, substance abuse, and lack of affordable housing are the top contributing factors of homelessness among unaccompanied youth (Aratani, 2009). In addition to analyzing the factors that can cause homelessness, the article explores the impact that homelessness can have on youth.
Stock hill Lane aims to supports ex-offenders in the transition of leaving prison and to address issues of reoffending, consequently persistent re-offenders, have multiple and complex needs. There is a very high correlation between persistent offenders and history of social exclusion and disadvantage. The density and diversity of the difficulties faced by ex- offenders are numerous many have poor skills and very little experience of employment, negative social networks, severe housing problems, and all of this is often complicated by drug, alcohol and mental health issues. Research from Social Exclusion Unit (SEU) suggests that the elements which impacts on offending behaviour are diverse and highlights that the factors which help to tackle
The stigma of mental health and stability has been a rampant issue for decades, although one that is frequently overlooked. Studies have shown that historical events such as the Industrial Revolution that caused massive migrations and poor living conditions for the middle and lower classes wreaked psychological havoc for generations. Many of these psychological effects like lower standards of professional satisfaction, and "regional patterns of personality and well-being" (Jasper Hamill) are still prominent today. In the short story "The Yellow Wallpaper," Charlotte Perkins Gilman explores the effects of mental health on women in the 1890s, and how the stigmas surrounding the topic of mental health lead to the oppression and unjust persecution
Despite the growing body of work that correlates disparate racial treatment and survival outcomes to the implicit biases of clinical practitioners, the majority of research on the root causes of racial health disparities has and continues to largely focus on individual and group-level socioeconomic status (SES), cultural attitudes, lifestyle and behavioral choices, as well as access to quality care and health insurance coverage. Clinically, epidemiological studies and comprehensive healthcare data assessments consistently show disparities in quality measures for socially disadvantaged ethnic and racial groups. Racial and ethnic differences in quality measures are most commonly noted in the areas of preventive care, experience of care, chronic
Another factor is the stigma that many cultures attach to mental health issues. In some cultures, being open about mental health struggles can lead to “social isolation and social sanctions” (Chaze, Thomson, George, & Guruge, 2015, p.96) Many immigrants are also used to seeing mental health issues as a weakness and fear not being able to trust anyone with their issues (Chaze et al., 2015, p.96). Low levels of English proficiency and the stigma that is attached to mental health are two of the many causes of low levels of mental health literacy among the immigrant population. Mental health literacy can be defined as “the ability to seek information, learn, appraise, make decisions, communicate information, prevent diseases and promote individual, family and community health” (Simich, 2010, p.17). The Canadian Alliance on Mental Illness and Mental Health, as cited by Simich (2010) “has identified immigrants as a priority group for mental health literacy interventions”
Identity development is highly important, and being stripped of it creates an abundant number of problems. Depression being one of the largely common ones. This is also associated once more with discrimination and stereotypes. In a study conducted by the department of Psychology of the New York University on how culture affects immigrant population, it could be seen how identifying with one's own ethnic group relates to the state of their mental
(2013) and Hopkins Burke (2012). The article from the Huffington Post, titled “Let’s Stop Treating Mental Illness Like It’s a Crime”, discusses concerns with mentally ill persons not receiving proper treatment while incarcerated. Another problem noted is the inability of communities to meet the needs mentally ill individuals within them. The author contends that these factors initiate a cycle that turns jails and prisons into “de facto asylums” with the likely hood that those in need of care will return to jail. This is supported by statistics provided by an article from the Texas Tribune which stated that from a sample of 900 subjects who had been in and out of
The rate of incarcerated Americans has been increasing and with that the gap of health inequalities has also been increasing. Inmates are disproportionately exposed to illnesses and minorities are disproportionately represented in the inmate population. When discussing mass incarceration and it’s consequences Cloud says, “... these consequences have widened the gap in health outcomes along racial and socioeconomic gradients..”(4). It is clear that mass incarceration is an important health challenge but more important is the approach that the United States takes to solving this. In Sick From Freedom, Downs explains how the United States was not prepared for the emancipation of slaves and in that same respect the United States needs to be cautious in the way it attempts to handle mass incarceration.