The Indian Removal Act and the Mexican War were both drastic times in history where many lives were lost for reasons many people do not understand. North Americas colonization is the main reason for conflict between white settlers and Native Americans. The Proclamation of 1763 stated that the colonists had to stay east of the Appalachian Mountains, and the land west of the Appalachian Mountains was for the Native Americans. By the 1800’s, this eventually caused overcrowding in the cities and many people wanted to move to the Native Americans land. General Andrew Jackson was involved in the first Seminole War when he took action and tried to take possession of the Seminole-held fort from the Spanish and Indian tribes in Prospect Bluff, Florida. …show more content…
Congress basically gave permission to Jackson to offer tribes land west of the Mississippi River for their land east of the river. People thought this offer was indulgent, but the Native Americans wouldn’t give up their homes effortlessly. The government used unfair strategies to get tribes to agree with the offer. The Fox and Sauk tribes’ leader, Chief Black Hawk, was one of the governments first fool to fall into their trap. He refused to respect the treaty to give their land to the US, but agreed to move west of the Mississippi River to land in Iowa. In extreme distress because of his decision he led his tribe back to the original location. The government sent a large number of troops to kill off all women, men and children who couldn’t keep up with the proceeding army, this was known as the Black Hawk’s War. Black Hawk was detained after the tribes were beat at the Bad Axe Massacre and he was enforced to sign a treaty that caused the rest of the Fox and Sauk tribes to move to an area west of the Mississippi. The Creek Indians refused to leave their sacred grounds for four years until strain gave the government an opening to win them
They believed the movement would inspire the clans to come together and start a war. The U.S was prepared to prevent the Ghost Dance movement from expanding any further. The government took immediate action and deployed troops to end this movement. Brown goes on to say that after the death of Sitting Bull, the Native Americans no longer felt safe, nor did they trust the new neighbors. Chief Big Foot tried to flee with his people to Pine Ridge Reservation for safety, only to be captured by the 7th Calvary.
Despite numerous treaties between the US government and Indians, the demand for Native American lands grew and grew. The Native Americans were tired of losing their land and moved to bad territory. They started to rob and steal from the settlers. Volunteers formed militias to keep settlers safe. The brutality that followed is what caused one of the worst conflicts in United States history.
They wanted to force them onto reservations just to profit their own expansion. The white man's lust for territorial conquest caused bloodshed, and this very bloodshed perhaps contradicts the very ideals America was founded upon. This event, in the past and the present, affected North America greatly. In the past the outrage caused the army to redouble its efforts against the natives, and many more were slaughtered or sent to reservations. In the present it is a major source of controversy and discussion.
C. Calhoun. This would lead to the First Seminole War. With a force of around 2,800 and 1,400 Indian allies, Jackson’s forces pushed in attacking a Spanish fort and multiple Indian villages (Covington). He was able to destroy most of the important black and Indian villages. Although Jackson won multiple tactical victories against outnumbered foe initially, there would be consequences to his unsanctioned incursion.
The US was at war with the Sioux Indians now and sent a war hero to Sioux territory. This man was named General Custer and he led the calvary with anywhere between 205 and 230 men depending on the day. Custer was one of those men who had a big head, he loved to brag, and, well, he had the right to since he became the first 23 year old to become a general in the US Army. When he was sent to South Dakota, Custer had one thing in mind and that was to find and fight any Sioux tribe in sight. Historians believed Custer was so focused on getting to the Sioux Tribes so he could run for president someday.
Although friction between Native Americans and settlers existed from the moment the first Europeans arrived in North America, the moment of the forced relocation of the Native American population in 1830 marked the lowest point in. Conflict arose especially in Andrew Jackson's presidency, as Jackson influenced the American population to turn against their native peers. The forced removal of Native Americans from their native lands triggered one of the greatest human migrations in North American history. American western expansion, the ideology of manifest destiny, and racist conceptions during the mid 19th century onward permanently impacted many native American tribes through cultural, economic, social, political, and environmental ideologies because of the American’s view of Manifest Destiny and the need to conquer land.
There he used his leadership ability to settle conflicts between white settlers and Native Americans. In April 1832, a band of the Sauk Tribe led by Chief Black Hawk disobeyed orders from the U.S. Government to leave their homeland of Illinois, and the Black Hawk War broke out. The war lasted 118 days, but Black Hawk was eventually captured and handed over to Colonel Zachary Taylor (19-20). Taylor assigned Davis to escort the prisoners to St. Louis (20). Along the way, Davis befriended Black Hawk, protecting him from the obnoxious curiosity of passing settlers.
The Mexican-American war happened at the Rio Grande river over the claim of the border in 1846 between the United States and Mexico. The United States was not justified in going to war with Mexico because America sent troops into disputed territory to intentionally start a war. The main goal of the United States invasion was to gain control of Texas and expand on slavery. The United States took a position between the Nueces and Del Norte rivers because of the threatened invasion of Texas by Mexican forces.
The U.S. government decided to give other tribes' land like the Ponca, to the Sioux. This was becoming a policy of divide and conquer so that the tribes wouldn't work together. The U.S. government was basically trying to "play off" one another, by taking one’s land and giving it to another to cause conflict between the tribes. This conflict led to isolation. What led to even further isolation, was that white men could not enter Indian land.
During this Battle, it was said that “Jackson inflicted such a decisive defeat that the Creek's power to wage war was permanently broken (Andrew Jackson).” This huge Indian defeat leads to the U.S. gaining twenty-three million acres of Indian-occupied lands (Loc.gov). Andrew Jackson was considered a “tough and indomitable” man earning him the nickname “Old Hickory” from his men (Andrew
Thousands of Native Americans were shoved out of their homes by the Indian Removal act of 1830, and thousands of pioneers died on the way Westward. During this time of expansion strife was growing between the North and South. A way of life run by industrialization and working clashed with a way
Before becoming president, Andrew Jackson had distinguished himself as a champion of white settlers against the American Indians. In the War of 1812, Jackson had led an offensive against the Creek nation in an attempt to clear the Mississippi Territory for white settlement, and under President James Monroe, he had participated in the First Seminole War, which devastated the Seminole tribe of Florida. By the time Jackson entered the White House, white settlers in Georgia had been complaining for some time about the continued presence of Cherokee and Creek people on the lands they wished to inhabit. These white settlers were emboldened by the election of Jackson in 1828 and revoked the constitution of the Cherokee Nation in Georgia, declaring
When the Europeans began colonizing the New World, they had a problematic relationship with the Native Americans. The Europeans sought to control a land that the Natives inhabited all their lives. They came and decided to take whatever they wanted regardless of how it affected the Native Americans. They legislated several laws, such as the Indian Removal Act, to establish their authority. The Indian Removal Act had a negative impact on the Native Americans because they were driven away from their ancestral homes, forced to adopt a different lifestyle, and their journey westwards caused the deaths of many Native Americans.
Andrew Jackson was an insistent advocate for Indian removal, earning him the nickname “Indian killer”, he was referred to as a “fire-breathing frontiersman obsessed with Indian presence and the need to obliterate it” by Historian Robert Remini. Jackson made his first effort towards fighting the Indians in a war against the Creeks, though he was not president at the time. To accomplish this task he suggested that troops methodically kill Indian women and children, resulting in the Creeks losing 23 million acres of their land in central Alabama and southern Georgia, making way for cotton plantation slavery. More land was gained by the United States when Jackson’s troops invaded Spanish Florida to punish Seminoles for harboring fugitive slaves in 1818, this sparked the first seminole
The United States war with Mexico continues to be a divisive topic among many people because of its background. The Mexican-American war was a fight between Mexico and America for land. America’s belief at the time was Manifest Destiny, which meant that they believed that America should extend from the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific ocean. In the end, America benefited from the war and got the land. The United States expanded its size, achieving their dream of Manifest Destiny.