The Nicomachean Ethics begin with a simple concept-- everyone wants happiness. In Book 1 of Nicomachean Ethics, Aristotle explores what happiness is and how to achieve ultimate happiness and good life. In the passage, 1097b22-1098a18, also known as the “function argument”, he further explores the happiness as the chief good concept by examining human function and the good that comes along. In this passage, Aristotle’s thesis is that the good of humans resides in human function of activity with reason (rational activity). From this thesis, we can imply that the good performance of function can lead to ultimate happiness.
Philosophers have debated the distinct subjects such as justice and happiness extensively. For instance, Plato discusses the subject of justice by arguing that justice is what allows people to live excellently. In contrast, Aristotle discusses happiness by arguing that acquiring virtues enables people to achieve the ultimate goal of happiness. What is the meaning of the terms justice and happiness? The term happiness could be elucidated as a satisfaction from goals achieved or from one’s status.
The doctrines of happiness: There are different perspectives on happiness, two of which are the hedonic and the eudaimonic views. Both views have roots in philosophy, such as Aristotle and Aristippus. Despite their ancient origins, these views on human well-being are relevant even today. The hedonic view encompasses the idea those people are happiest when their life is filled with positive experiences and emotions, without negative ones. According to Fredrickson et al.
By experiencing the same emotion of audience is sort of ‘cleansing of the soul’ can through communication of emotion in the work of art. Just the soul is superior to the body, so is the rational part of the soul superior to the irrational part. Philosophy is good in itself because it good for what they can bring us, but others are good in themselves. The fact that it is worthwhile without bringing us anything extra means that it is one of the very highest good in soul not that it is useless. Clearly, the exhortation to philosophy was a passionate argument for dedicating one’s life to philosophy
The Eudaimonic view proposes that happiness is more than just an emotion and a sense of satisfaction, and is instead reliant on self-realization. The Eudaimonic approach to happiness explores things like delayed gratification, exercising, morals and values. It is proposed that that by living in accordance with morals, a personal code of ethics, one’s perception of oneself and what’s important in the world; one can achieve happiness and a greater sense of well-being than one may be able to
I think that this is plausible and effective because, as Kant argued, if this standard was universalized - in other words, if everyone worked to contribute to their own, and to each other’s happiness and wellbeing - we can potentially actualize the virtues of harmonious and respectful coexistence. In relation to the Formula of Humanity, this example articulates the importance of respecting others’ ends as we would respect our own, and the treating of others as ends in of themselves and not as mere means or instruments to our own
The word utilitarianism is derived from the Latin word ‘utilis’ meaning useful. In utilitarianism, the consequences of an action are measured against one value (like happiness, pleasure or welfare) and it should be maximized. English philosophers Jeremy Bentham and John Stuart Mill were the leading proponents of utilitarian concept. The basic principle underlying this concept is “Greatest Happiness Principle”. According to this principle, “Actions are right in proportion as they tend to promote happiness, wrong as they tend to produce the reverse of happiness” –John Stuart Mill .
Consequently, our obsession with happiness can sometimes overshadow the growth and beauty that can come from pain and suffering. We think happiness is what drives our world, but in reality, happiness keeps us stagnant. Stagnation leads to nothing, happiness leads to
Virtue is goodness in itself. And since I desire the best for you, I desire happiness for you which is achieved through the exercise of virtue. Justice is friendship in the fullest sense. This is due to the fact that in being true friends people share common interests, goals and values. One common interest is
Usually, relationships like these occur because of the mutual benefits they receive from one another. To love a person does not mean to achieve a specific goal from that person and be grateful. It means to give oneself wholly to that person, irrespective of what you gain or "lose". It usually involves sacrifice and self identification with the other individual. Man, being aware that this is what love entails, is still willing to love.