The Continental Congress had very minimal power under the Articles due to which it could neither establish a federal judicial nor deploy the army or the federal police for enforcing the laws. Since the Articles could not solve the rivalry among the thirteen states, the Constitution replaced it in the year 1787 as there was a necessity of establishing a strong and powerful national government. There are various notable similarities and differences between the Articles
The emancipation proclamation was one of the most earth-shattering events for slaves in America. President Abraham Lincoln began a long road to success to abolish slavery in the United States. The Emancipation Proclamation signed on January 1, 1862, did not free all slaves but only applied to the slaves that were in the South and placed not occupied by the federal military forces. The Border States such as Maryland, Kentucky, Delaware, and Missouri have not included Emancipation Proclamation. The order of the president was based on the constitutional authority of the president since the Congress did not pass the law (Carnahan, 2007).
This compromise helped give each state equal say in the government. As John Samples said to the Cato Institute in In Defense of the Electoral College, “ … the Electoral College makes sure that the states count in presidential elections… an important part of our federalist system - a system worth preserving… federalism is central to our grand constitutional effort to restrain power.” (Doc C). Since this nation is founded on federalism (the sharing of power between national and state governments), it only makes sense that each individual state would want equal say in the nation’s government. Samples knew that to keep the government running smoothly, each state needed equal representation in the government, thus the Electoral College. Along with keeping balance between the states, the Electoral College also helps keep independent parties under
In May 25, 1787, a convention was called in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania to express the purpose of revising the Articles of Confederation. However, the intention from many delegates was to draft a new constitution; create a new government rather than fix the existing one. Rhode Island was the only one of the 13 original states to refuse to send delegates to the Constitutional Convention. At the Convention, the first issues they had to address was the representation in Congress. Under the Articles, each state only has one vote in Congress, regardless of its size.
NAME OF THE CASE: Marbury v Madison 1803 VOTE: The vote count was 4-0 BASIC FACTS OF THE CASE: In March of 1801, William Marbury (along with many others being appointed to government posts) was appointed to be a Justice of the Peace near the end of Adams administration of the presidency. Being a member of the Federalist Party, John Adams tried to appoint as many Federalists into the cabinet. However, since these individuals were designated these jobs so last minute they were never truly finalized and the commissions were never handed out officially. James Madison, whom was Thomas Jefferson’s secretary of state, denied delivering their commissions. Marbury argued that they deserved these places and sued for their jobs in the Supreme
Woodrow Wilson, the 28th president of the United States, once said, “The Constitution was not made to fit us like a straight jacket. In its elasticity lies its chief greatness.” In 1787 the delegates from twelve out of thirteen sates attended the Constitutional Convention. They threw away the Articles of Confederation and wrote Constitution of the United States. Many residences were hesitant to the sudden change, but as time went along people came around to the fact that the Constitution was useful. Although the Constitution is viewed as completely binding, it does allow for changes to be made, giving it flexibility to the changing times.
Then in 1787 there became a No federal voting standard—states decide who can vote. This was what the U.S Constitution an adopted. Because there no agreement in the national standard for voting rights states are given the power to regulate their own voting laws. In most cases, voting remains in the hands of white male landowners. George Washington elected president.
The Dred Scott V. Sanford case of 1857 declared that African Americans were not citizens of the United States and did not receive the same support from the Federal Government. During this time the Congress also lacked the power to ban slavery in all territories belonging to the United States. In 1850 Dred Scott and his family were declared free under the state court however, this did not last long. The Supreme Court of Missouri revoked the Scott’s family freedom which led him to take his case to the U.S. Supreme Court. The U.S. Supreme Court denied him citizenship of the U.S. even if he was a citizen of a free state.
When the State of Franklin failed in 1789 it demonstrated the weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation. For example, when the State of Franklin failed it did not collect the people’s taxes. When this happened the State of Franklin ceased to exist anymore. According to the text,”The state collapsed as laws went unforced, taxes were not collected, and courthouses failed to meet in the state 's final 15 months before they ceased to exist”(paragraph 6). This is when the Articles got weaker and weaker.
The Articles of Confederation were approved on November 1777, which left many constraints on the federal government. The people were so worried about corruption, that they left the government powerless on all affairs, including foreign relations, military, Indian issues, and interstate disputes. In addition it denied Congress the power of taxation, the states were supposed to donate money to the government, which rarely occured. Each state had only one vote in Congress, but could send as many as seven delegates or as few as two, but if they divided equally on an issue the state lost its vote. There was not a President or independent executive and no veto over legislate decisions.