Oil Palm Case Study

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2.3 OPTIONS FOR THE DISPOSAL OF OIL PALM WASTES

The total land area in Malaysia amounts to 32.90 million hectares. The major agricultural crops grown in Malaysia are rubber (39.67 %), oil palm (34.56 %), rice (12.68 %), cocoa (6.75 %) and coconut (6.34 %) which indicated that major production of the agricultural sector had been rubber derived products including wood residues, however, by 1995 oil palm products became more significant (Hoi and Koh, 2002). Lignocelluloses biomass which is produced from the oil palm industries include oil palm trunks (OPT), empty fruit bunches (EFB), fronds, palm pressed fibres (PPF) and shells (Abdullah and Sulaiman, 2013). Table 2.1 shows the breakdown of wastes from palm oil production in 2007.

One of the
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The new markets for Malaysia can be created, particularly to develop nations, where oil palm biomass has a higher commitment to the general vitality supply. Likewise the foundation of an industry identified with oil palm biomass for energy innovation could be upheld.

2.4 UTILIZATION OF OIL PALM WASTES

Another course to get more energy from oil palm manors is the more effective utilization of oil palm biomass other than the palm oil. There are no detailed statistics for oil palm dry matter production. Such statistics are only compiled for palm oil, palm kernel and fresh fruit bunches (FFB) (figure 2.1, 2.2 and 2.3). Rough extrapolations, notwithstanding, can be made in light of appraisals of the proportion of palm oil to other dry matter.

For each kg of palm oil roughly another 4 kg of dry biomass are produced, approximately a third of which is found in FFB derived wastes and the other two thirds is represented by trunk and frond material as reported by Yusuf (2006). On an energy basis, the palm oil represents roughly a third of the biomass yield, as it has roughly twice the heating value of the other oil palm dry matter, which therefore amounts to approximately 2 kg on a palm oil equivalent basis (Abdullah and Sulaiman,
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As example, bio-gas can be produced by processing POME through anaerobic treating system. Along these lines, this had made ecological issue on the grounds that the palm oil process industry in Malaysia delivers the biggest contamination stack into the riverss all through the nation. According to Biopact, (2006) about 400m3 of bio-gas produced from 100 tonnes of POME, of which this amount of POME had been released during processing of 20 tonnes of fresh fruit

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