According to Malaysia Palm Oil Council, 4.49 million hectares of land in Malaysia is under oil palm cultivation. Oil palm in Malaysia producing 17.73 million tonnes of palm oil and 2.13 tonnes of palm kernel oil. Oil palm tree produces compact bunches weighing between 10 and 25 kilograms with 1000 to 3000 fruitlets per bunch. (The Oil Palm Tree, 2012). Oil palm plantation activity start with cultivation.
But for the scientific community, coconut oil, since it is 86 percent saturated fat – which is higher than the 51 percent saturated fat content of butter and 39 percent content of lard -- is considered unsafe. Consuming saturated fat is supposed to result in an increase in LDL. In contrast, only 14 percent of the calories of olive oil come from saturated fat and 63 percent in
Introduction Chiquita Brands International (formerly known as the United Fruit Company (short UFC)) was originally founded by Captain Lorenzo Baker in 1870, and officially established first in 1899. What started as a small business with a few plantations in Latin America, quickly grew into a multinational and highly successful company. By 1991, Chiquita Brands International had a net income of $128 million on sales of $2.6 billion (Spar, 2007). However, because of new economic policies on banana trade implemented by the European Union (EU) in 1993, Chiquita’s peak in profit was ended abruptly. The common banana policy, intended to equalize the global banana market between the multinational U.S.-based giants and smaller business in the ACP region, caused Chiquita’s cash balance to fall to $179 million, down from $721 million, by the end of 1994 (Spar, 2007).
Today, palm oil is developed all through Africa, Asia, North America, and South America, with 85% of all palm oil all inclusive delivered and traded from Indonesia and Malaysia. Palm Oil and Kernel Oil are the two particular oils of the palm organic product. Its extricated from the pulp of the fruit its edible and utilized essentially in food products. Palm Kernel Oil is extricated from the seed of the products of the soil and its used commonly in the manufacture of cleansers and cosmetics. The main reason to persuade people to stop using palm oil is the negative effect of palm oil on people’s health with regard to obesity, heart disease, and blood pressure.
Mining and illegal logging are major drivers, but conversion of forest to oil palm plantations is also a contributor, one that looks likely to grow as the Philippines aims to become a bigger player in the global palm oil industry. However, despite its rate of tree loss and the fact that only one large, continuous tract of intact forest still exists on the island, Palawan is flush with endemic wildlife found nowhere else in the world and is home to about a quarter of all Philippine animal species. Today, there are plans of converting million hectares of land into a palm oil production in the province of Palawan. The Plans of converting eight million hectares of land for palm oil production on Palawan island in the Philippines have been met with opposition from environmental and social advocacy
INTRODUCTION One of the industry in Malaysia that had become input for another industries is Yun Fook Plantation Sdn . Bhd.Its located at Keningau Sabah. This company produces crude palm oil and the generated waste produce is processed palm oil kernel. What is actually palm oil?It is an extracted of fruit of an oil palm species called Elaeis guineesis.In Malaysia , the cross between dura and pisifera species (yielding tenera) are most commonly cultivated palm tree .This palm oil in Malaysia contribute almost 13 % of total vegetable oil production in the world for 2011 . Basically, there are two main products in the palm oil industry which are palm oil and palm kernel oil.
Clearing land for palm oil companies earns them some remuneration, apart from the additional revenue gained from the logged trees. Beisdes creating space for plantations, the cleared land also aids in bringing modern technology including electricity to the rural villages, since the network of the country has widened through the building of roads and buildings. Thus, these villages are able to break out of the poverty cycle with more money and better access and hence regulations that prevent palm oil expansion serves as a hindrance to the breaking of the poverty cycle. However, better access and a source of income is not enough to help the country move towards a developed one. It must be recognised that the focus on the natural resource sector of the country diverts labour away from the manufacturing sector.
Cocoa is one of the commercial plants in the world. Most cocoa is plant in developing country. The most valuable part of this plant is that cocoa beans. Most of the cocoa beans produced in the country and exported out of the country importing processed cocoa bean subsequent re-exported to developing countries at high prices (Adewumi, 1997). 1.1 Cocoa Crop Acreage Cocoa cultivation began in the 70s again in Malaysia.
Koh&Wilcove (2007) stated that approximately 80% of all palm oil is produced by Malaysia and Indonesia. The ecological impact of oil palm depends crucially on the extent to which its expansion causes deforestation, and on the extent to which it is able to support biodiversity. The biodiversity value of oil palm plantations is compared with that of forest and alternative land uses to assess whether the loss of biodiversity can be reduced by making plantations more wildlife friendly or by increasing the linking of habitat