The best preserved ancient structure in the city, the Pantheon as you see it now was built under Hadrian between AD 120-128 circa, although the pediment above the portico is actually 100 years older and signed by Agrippa (which did in fact confuse archaeologists and historians for years). The round
Brunelleschi was most well known for accomplishing one of the greatest architectural feats during the Renaissance, under the patronage of the most wealthy Florentine families the Medici’s he succeeded in completing the dome of the Florence cathedral as well as developing the artistic technique of perspective.
Two very important historic buildings from the Greek and Roman civilizations, namely the Parthenon and the Pantheon respectively, are worthy of academic exploration. An analysis of their function and style will help to put their design and features into perspective, and create a better appreciation for their emulation in Western civilization. These buildings possess very unique individual characteristic designs, which bears testimony to the societies from which they originate. However, they are also a resourceful database of knowledge in terms of their symbolism, rich heritage of their era and application to the present civilization. Their permanent contribution to historical reference and modern society, are a token of their expression
I chose to write about the building of Brunelleschi 's Dome. In the 1400 's Brunelleschi was commissioned to construct a dome for the Florence cathedral. I thought that one of the most interesting things about this article was that Brunelleschi essentially invented tools and lifting technology that would be in use until the industrial revolution.
The Two Buildings; Parthenon in Athens and Pantheon in Rome are both classical heritage of the former world powers. Both buildings were temple built and dedicated to the gods of Athens and Romans. The excellent strength and the durability of these temples are unimaginable. Going by the length of time that these buildings have been in existence, one cannot but admires the brilliance of the ancient Greek and Roman architects for such excellent edifices that have outlived many generations, and yet remain a symbol of ancient Greek and Roman history. In this piece of work, it is essential to compare the two buildings while systematically considering their similarities and differences that have memorialized their existence until now.
The pantheon is a nearly 2000-year-old roman temple that still inspires architects and artist alike. The structure was originally built in c. 27 BCE and dedicated by Marcus Agrippa. Comprised of a 142ft wide 142ft tall rotunda under a coffered concrete dome connected to a Greek style porch. It remains the best preserved roman structure to date being the only structure of its size and age to have survived intact. The lighting in the pantheon changes based on the time of day casting shadows differently throughout the day, while the vertical as well as the horizontal lines perfectly draw attention the oculus, these artistic elements as well as its rich history are what keeps this structure in use today.
It was a temple dedicated to all the gods. The building caught fire twice before being completely rebuilt in 125 AD by Emperor Hadrian. It is suspected that the second re-building of the Pantheon was designed by Hadrian. In 608 the Pantheon was handed over to Pope Boniface IV by the Byzantine emperor Phocas. It then became a Christian church. Sometime around 1200 Pope Urban VII ordered the bronze covering of the pronaos to be stripped away and melted down. The bronze was then used at St. Peters basilica. Despite this altering of the original design, the church probably did provide some protection of the building throughout the centuries. From the sixteenth century on the Pantheon became a burial place for nobles and great artist. The most famous artist buried here is Raphael. Today the Pantheon is a museum and considered the most preserved building of ancient
"In 1418 the town fathers of Florence finally addressed a monumental problem they’d been ignoring for decades: the enormous hole in the roof of their cathedral." This sets the stage for Brunelleschi to become a hero and master artisan. Brunelleschi had spent his life learning, as an apprentice goldsmith, he had learned and perfected techniques that were well ahead of the training he was given. He studied other areas of art as well, "Brunelleschi’s life seemed to have been one long apprenticeship for building the dome of unequaled beauty, usefulness, honor, and power that Florence yearned for." He, along with other actual architects applied to be the one to put a dome on the cathedral, and eventually one out. His dome consisted of two concentric
Brunelleschi was a man before his time. He was simply a goldsmith and watchmaker by trade, but there was nothing simple about him. When he was a child apprentice he became skilled at drawing, painting, wood carving, sculpture in silver and bronze, stone setting, and enamel work. His natural curiosity, and dedication to observing the natural world led him to Florence for what would be his greatest achievement, the Dome of the Cathedral, Santa Maria del Fiore.
The exploration and discovery I chose was: Brunelleschi's design of the dome for Florence's cathedral the motivation behind the discovery was because no one could figure out how to create a dome for the cathedral. They held a contest to find someone to build it. Brunelleschi came to them and gave his idea they thought he was crazy, but they also knew that he had a reputation of making great things. They questions were, what do you use to build it? What is going to be safe for everyone? This dome was just the tip of the iceberg he also created a crane that was able to hoist heavy materials into the air. The significance is that there is another way to build buildings. Brunelleschi relied on a lot of workers to help him build this done. He
I chose to research Brunelleschi’s design of the dome for Florence’s cathedral. From what I read, it seemed that Brunelleschi was motivated to create the dome, because of a competition. Whoever was successful was going to win money. Brunelleschi was a smart man and knew what needed to be done to create what he had in mind. He had to even create some of his own inventions to help him create the dome, because there wasn’t anything out there to help him. The significance of the discovery was that he was able to create something that would last for years to come. This is where a lot of painters became famous during the renaissance era. Brunelleschi learned from the other architects of what not to do. He observed and changed things to make the structure
This temple was the largest temple in Ancient Rome, and was dedicated to the goddess Venus Felix, known as the Bringer of Good Fortune, and Roma Aeterna, Eternal Rome. Hadrian’s design was finalized in 121 when construction began, and he introduced it to Rome in 135. However, because of how incredibly detailed and massive the temple was, Hadrian did not live to see the completion of it, as it was completed under the reign of his successor, Antoninus Pius, in 141 AD. This temple measured 53m wide and 110m long, sitting on a platform that measured 140m wide and 145m long. Inside the temple one would find two different cellae, sacred inner chambers. One contained the statue of Venus Felix, and the other contained the statue of Roma Aeterna. This temple was unique in the fact that it was the only temple in Rome to have 10 columns along the front. Hadrian took much pride in his architectural designs, as he should have considering lavish and incredible each one was. Hadrian asked one of the most famous architects at the time, Apollodorus of Damascus to comment on the temple. Apollodorus replied in a rather blunt and honest manner, and told Hadrian that “the temple was too low and the statues of the gods too tall for the space they occupied,” according the University of Chicago. This offended Hadrian to great lengths, and shortly after this conversation occurred, Apollodorus was banished and later put to death, allegedly. This incredible temple suffered a devastating fire and earthquake, but just from what remains of it today, we can tell just how insurmountable the temple must have seemed to an architect in ancient
The discovery I chose was Brunelleschi's dome for Florence's cathedral. I love architecture and learning more about the history of the art. That is why I chose this topic. A little background about the Cathedral itself; the building was built to be an architectural masterpiece. So, the cathedral was planned to have a massive dome measuring 150 ft across and beginning at a height of 180 ft. The overseers built the entire building except for the dome, because they had no idea how to accomplish the feat. They ended up making a sort of “competition” with a reward of 200 gold florins to the person who could come up with a good plan. It was very interesting to me that Brunelleschi was a goldsmith (who had also tinkered in multiple different crafts)
The style of the building and the purpose it is built give a brief and thoughtful storybook about the culture of the architect as art, generally, and architecture, particularly, is a language itself. Thus, buildings narrate the stories of the people among the history and tell their traditions and habits to the next generation through its design, inscriptions, and details. In this essay, I will discuss how both the style and function of the Greek Parthenon and the Roman Pantheon served as typical examples of their cultures in Athens and ancient Rome. In addition to the similarities and differences between these two cultures through the two buildings.
I chose to learn and write about the breakthrough design and construction Filippo Brunelleschi accomplished on the Florence Cathedral. In 1296 The City of Florence began construction of a Cathedral that would represent their city. Hoping to have a better cathedral than their enemy Milan, they spent a great deal of money. For decades, the cathedral was complete except for the hole in the roof, 150 feet wide. Some of their biggest problems were, getting enough wood from the local forest to make the scaffold to do the work, and getting enough money to pay for the hundreds of workers and supplies just for the scaffolding.