Pantheon And Brunelleschi's Dome Comparison

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The Pantheon and Brunelleschi 's Dome in Florence both share a common idea of the dome in ancient history. They were built and different times, the Pantheon and Brunelleschi 's Dome differ in both design and architecture. This paper is going to analyze the Pantheon in Rome and Brunelleschi 's Dome in terms of their constructional and design techniques, and their historical circumstances of the construction of them both. The Pantheon is one of the remaining and properly maintained buildings of the first century. The building is found in Rome and is believed that it was commission by Marcus Agrippa during Augustus ' time. The inscription on the building of the Pantheon says “M•AGRIPPA•L•F•COS•TERTIUM•FECIT” which means “Marcus Agrippa, son of Lucius, the third time consul, built this” (MacDonald, 2002, p. 45). Later on, the Pantheon was rebuilt by Hadrian during the year 125AD. Historically, the Pantheon is constructed as a dedication to the twelve gods of Ancient Romans where it was believed that Romulus rose to heaven on the spot. (MadDonald, 2002). The Pantheon was first built with a rectangular plan but when Hadrian came in 125AD and rebuilt it, he added a dome. Currently, the Pantheon is used as both a church and also a historical heritage site. On the other hand, the Brunelleschi 's Dome is part of the Basilica di Santa Maria del Fiore, and it is one of the biggest churches in Florence which is in Italy (Mainstone, 1997). The construction of the church began in 1296

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