Throughout Act IV of Macbeth, William Shakespeare expresses Aristotles’s pathos. Pathos is a philosophy that evokes pity. In The Tragedy of Macbeth; Macduff and Lady Macduff are written to evoke sympathy from the audience. Shakespeare includes this scene full of pity, for he wants to give the characters emotion and Shakespeare wants to show the audience that the characters have a heart. Furthermore, In Scene II, Shakespeare uses pathos on Macduff. Macduff is sympathized in the play, for his innocent children and his beloved wife are brutally murdered. “Thou liest, thou shag-eared villain!/ What, you egg?/Young fry of treachery!/ He has killed/ me, mother./ Run away, I pray you.” (Macbeth, IV. II. ll. 94-98). The poor man is already in distress trying to gather an army in England, and now Macduff has learned that his family is murdered. He states, “All my pretty ones?/ Did you say “all”? O hell-kite! All?” (Macbeth, IV. III. ll. 255-256). Besides being the Thane of Fife, Macduff's’ one true love and joy is his family and now he has nothing. In this scene Malcolm tells Macduff to “dispute it like a man” (Macbeth, IV. III. I. 259) which Macduff replies, “I shall do so,/ But I …show more content…
Shakespeare expresses the philosophy of pathos through Macduff and Lady Macduff. Throughout Act IV of The Tragedy of Macbeth, Macduff is pitied by the readers over the loss of his family. Lady Macduff is sympathized by the audience, for her husband left his children and wife to go to England. The dramatic irony of the audience have knowledge that the Macduff family was going to be massacred allows the audience to pity Lady Macduff. In conclusion, Shakespeare uses pathos, the philosophy of evoking emotions such as pity from the audience, throughout Act IV of the play so that the audience can pity Macduff and Lady
He states, “The castle of Macduff I will surprise Seize upon Fife; give to the edge o' the sword His wife, his babes, and all unfortunate souls” (4.1.150-152). At this point Macbeth is out of control and is killing anybody he suspects, showing that he is clearly paranoid and delusional. Once Macduff finds out his family is killed he decides to finally kill
(IV. III. 260). He wants Macduff to understand that he has to do his deed like a man. It can fail if he back out of his plan at the last moment or he might get hurt himself but the person he is after [Macbeth]. Macduff response showed he took that sentence as a challenge or
Macbeth is the Shakespearean play that features the triumphant uprise and the inevitable downfall of its main character. In this play, Macbeth’s downfall can be considered to be the loss of his moral integrity and this is achieved by ambition, despite this, Lady Macbeth and the witches work through his ambition, furthering to assist his inevitable ruin. Ambition alone is the most significant factor that led to Macbeth’s downfall. The witches are only able to influence his actions through Macbeth’s pre-existing and the three witches see that Macbeth has ambition and uses it to control his action. Ambition alone is displayed throughout the play to be the most significant cause for Macbeth’s downfall.
Kennedy Shank Mr. Samek ELA 10 18 May 2023 Lady Macbeth was talking to Macbeth about murdering King Duncan due to Macbeth considering backing out; Lady Macbeth uses ethos, pathos, questions, and imagery to convince Macbeth of killing King Duncan. In Act I Scene VII, Lady Macbeth addresses Macbeth regarding killing King Duncan. The thought came up when Macbeth received a prophecy saying that he would be King, which then led to him wanting to be King sooner rather than later. After Macbeth brought the idea up to Lady Macbeth, she was on board to go ahead with it and, at the time, so was Macbeth.
“The castle of Macduff I will surprise; seize upon Fife; give to the edge o’ the sword his wife his babes, and all the unfortunate souls” (4.1. 165-167). This shows Macbeth’s complete disregard for human life and his willingness to commit crimes to maintain his power. He sees Macduff as a significant threat and is willing to do whatever it takes to eliminate him, including murdering Macduff’s wife and children. His ambition has consumed him, and he has lost touch with morality or compassion.
When Macduff arrives in England to ask Malcolm for assistance on war with Macbeth, Malcolm explains, “What [he] believe, [he’ll] wail; What know, believe, and what [he] can redress, As [he] shall find the time to friend [he] will” (Shakespeare 4.3.10-12). Malcolm expressed his passion for his country and his ability to stay true to what he believes in. This conducts the first sign of courage established by Malcolm in the entire play; testing Macduff’s loyalty to gain knowledge on his true intentions. Malcolm does not follow in his father’s footsteps to prevent the same fate upon him, revealing a new virtuous side of the character. This quote proves he will do anything to right what is wrong in the kingdom, which indicates not only character development but bravery as well, especially when he joins his army to fight against Macbeth in war.
Macduff went to England to find Malcolm, King Duncan’s son, who fled Scotland so he would not be killed like his father. Macbeth no longer considers Macduff loyal to him and becomes apprehensive. Macbeth consorts with the murderers again to kill Macduff’s family, “give to the edge o’ the sword his wife, babes, and all unfortunate souls that trace him in his line” (Act 4, Scene 1). When a messenger comes to deliver the news to Macduff, he becomes sad but Malcolm tells him “… Let grief convert to anger…” (Act 4, Scene 3).
To compare and contrast the roles of Lady Macbeth in the play, giving close consideration to their relationship their husbands. In the play ‘Macbeth’ we notice that the roles of Lady Macbeth and Lady Macduff are very different. The contrast between these two ladies, is especially noted by each woman’s loyalties and manner of death. These two women, as similar as they were, also had dissimilarities that are far more striking. Although Lady Macduff and Lady Macbeth each had the ability to influence their family, they used this influence in entirely different ways.
In Act IV, Scene 3, Macduff says that he would like to take up their swords and defend where they were born: “Let us rather Hold fast the mortal sword, and like good men Bestride our down-fall’n birthdom” (l. 2-4). When Macduff is in England talking to Malcolm and the king of England, Macbeth takes action and has Macduff’s family
In this scene, Macduff comes to Macbeth’s castle, looking to awake the King. He begins to say how the night was a ruthless one. It was so bad that chimneys were blown down and that Macduff can’t remember a night as terrible as that. Macbeth continues to deceive Macduff by acting that he has no idea that King Duncan is murdered in his room. When they open the door to his room, Macduff is horrified by the murder of his King.
Who could impress the forest. ”(act.4 scene.i lines.104-105) and march with an army or that no man “woman born shall harm Macbeth” (act.4 scene.i line 185-186). The witches tricked Macbeth into becoming something worse than monsters that go bump in the night. The witches created a tyrant that would be his own damnation. He viewed Macduff as a target that must be eliminated, but when they fought Macduff said he was not born and macbeth realized he could not beat him and “(threw) down (his) warlike shield.
Lady Macbeth wasn’t involved in the death of Macduff’s family, yet she still feels the guilt for his losses: “The Thane of Fife has a Wife. Where is she now? What will there hands we’re be clean? No more o’ that. You mar all with this starting.
In his work, The Poetics Aristotle reflects on the role of pity and fear in tragedy, stating, “Tragedy is essentially an imitation not of persons but of action and of life; of happiness and misery. Add human happiness or misery takes the form of action… Character gives us qualities, but it is in our actions that we are happy or the reverse… The tragic pleasure is that of pity and fear” (Aristotle, The Poetics). Aristotle is probing one to conclude that tragedy is characterized by the pity and fear one evokes when individuals go against their presumed character and commit detrimental acts. Throughout his play Macbeth, Shakespeare, reminisces on the actions that gravitate an audience to render both fear and pity, which characterize a tragedy.
In act four, Macduff takes a journey to England to convince Malcom to return to Scotland with help from English forces to dethrone the evil Macbeth and restore the peace and safety once again to the citizens of Scotland. When Macbeth finds out that Malcom fled his castle to Malcom, who is in England, Macbeth orders a messenger to kill Macduff’s wife and son. “Bless you, fair dame! I am not to you known, Though in your state of honour I am perfect, I doubt some danger does approach you nearly”
King Duncan’s sons Malcom and Donalbain foresee the danger that Macbeth poses on their lives and they flee to England where they train an army to attack Macbeth at Dunsinane. When Macduff receives news that Macbeth has ordered for his family to be killed he is enraged with