Persian Classical Literature

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The impact of Persian classical literature on European writers has been the subject of various ‘influence’ studies and numerous oriental scholars have alluded to a possible influence of 13th century Persian poets on the 18th century European writers. However, this is the first comparative study in the tradition of American school of comparative literature which focuses on a thematic study of ‘Man’ in the works of Sa‘di and Pope. There are no scholarly and academic researches done specifically on this particular subject, yet there are a number of insightful sources on the texts and contexts of both poets. The books, articles, dissertations and other sources that are helpful in this study are divided into two parts: sources that explore the time…show more content…
The book is very selective in that it does not cover all the ideas expressed by Sa‘di, yet it is insightful regardless of that. Perhaps the most comprehensive and useful work on Sa‘di is a collection of essays in three volumes, titled Zekr-e jamil-e Sa‘di, written in commemoration of his 800th birthday anniversary. The essays cover a wide range of subjects and various areas and issues in the study of Sa‘di’s works, including the aesthetic quality of his writing, his didactics and humanism, the social context and influences on him. There are a few comparative studies done on Sa‘di in the form of dissertations or articles; the review of some of these studies are as follow: Helen Ouliaei Nia’s (2008) comparison of Sa‘di’s Gulistan with Johnson’s Rasselas is an ‘influence’ study investigating the possibility of the influence of Sa‘di on Johnson motivated by finding similarities of thoughts, structure and philosophical views between the two writers. The paper discusses and provides further evidence to prove the familiarity of Johnson with Persian literature. The paper demonstrates the influence of Sa‘di in Europe and through that on Johnson. The author concludes that the influence is “quite probable”…show more content…
The author emphasizes the influence of Sa‘di on Emerson’s writings and finds this influence undeniable. ‘The Image of Women’ is a subject of investigation by Dehghani et al (2010) in a comparative study of Sa‘di with the Arab poet Motanabbi. The author stresses while Sa‘di bestows a high position to women, Motanabbi takes a less admiring view. Hamid Reza Alavi (2009) in his book has made an extensive comparison among the views shared by Muslim and Non-Muslim writers on the issue of education and philosophy. Chapter six of this work includes an interesting comparison among the ideas of Rumi and Sa‘di from the east, and Rousseau and Dewey from the west, concentrating on moral education. Initially, each of the four writers is discussed separately and then placed together for comparison. With regard to Sa‘di, Alavi deduces the implicit doctrines of moral education from his poems, identifying four educational aims in Sa‘di’s

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