Labor Practice Paper Angelia Henry PHL/320 May 2, 2016 Bridget Peaco Labor Practice Paper Merriam-Webster online defines a sweatshop as a shop or factory where employees work long at a low wage that is under poor and unhealthy conditions (Merriam-Webster On-line Dictionary, 2016). Sweatshops are factories that violate two or more labor laws to include wages, benefits, child labor or even working hours (Ember, 2014-2015). Companies will attempt to use sweatshop labor to lessen the cost to meet the demands of customers. When we think of sweatshop, we always want to look at third world countries and never in our own backyard. In 2012, the company Forever 21 was sued by the US Department of Labor for ignoring a subpoena requesting the information on how much it pays its workers just to make clothes (Lo, …show more content…
(n.d.). YourBusiness Azcentral. Retrieved from How Supply and Demand Impacts Decisions in Business: http://yourbusiness.azcentral.com/supply-demand-impacts-decisions-business-14047.html Douglas, E. (2012, October 31). K-12 Talent Manager. Retrieved from 7 Practices to Prevent Unethical Behavior: http://blogs.edweek.org/topschooljobs/k-12_talent_manager/2012/10/7_practices_to_prevent_unethical_behavior.html Ember, W. (2014-2015). Vegan Peace. Retrieved from Sweatshops and Child Labor: http://www.veganpeace.com/sweatshops/sweatshops_and_child_labor.htm Investopedia. (2016, May 02). Retrieved from Demand: http://www.investopedia.com/terms/d/demand.asp Kenneth Hamlett, Demand Media . (n.d.). Houston Chronicle. Retrieved from How Is Supply & Demand Relevant to Business?: http://smallbusiness.chron.com/supply-demand-relevant-business-1694.html Lo, P. (2012, November 30). CORPWATCH. Retrieved from Forever 21 Fails to Comply With Federal Sweatshop Investigation: http://www.corpwatch.org/article.php?id=15799 Merriam-Webster On-line Dictionary. (2016, May 02). Retrieved from Sweatshop:
Cumulatively, these horrific incidents --- which could have been prevented with legally-required health and safety measures – resulted in the deaths of 1,500 garment workers in less than a year. We are currently seeing more media, government, and public attention on the garment industry since sweatshop issues hit the front pages in the 1990s. These catastrophes are the latest evidence of two decades of failures of global corporations’ Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) programs in protecting
Introduction The fire that erupted at the Triangle Shirtwaist Factory in New York City is remembered as one of the worst disasters since the beginning of the Industrial Revolution. The infamous incident claimed 146 lives of young immigrant workers due to negligent safety precautions. To this day this incident has continued to have great significance because it highlights the inhumane working conditions that industrial workers have to be subjected to. Sweatshops before 1911
Evelyn Nakano Glenn has stated throughout her book that there are “systems of control” that have acted as “a central feature of the U.S economy” (5). Glenn believes that the U.S economy has been able to implement a system of control, in the Labor of people, by racialization and gendered coercion in a manner whereby employers can assert higher authority and worker constraints. The notion “higher authority” correlates to a term she mentions called Citizenship, whereby “worker constraints” touches on the term Contracts. By appealing these two terms Glenn takes the stand in her book that this is the basis of how labor exploitation arises via racialized and gendered coercion. The Citizenship aspect of her reasoning incorporates who, we, as a community
Through the lens of intersectionality, we are allowed to see that sweatshop workers experienced double oppressions from structural racism and structural sexism that limited their choices of occupations and class inequality that exaggerated imbalanced power between laborers
Child Labor in the 18th Century Children in the 18th century worked many different jobs. Some of the jobs required lifting heavy materials or items, such as bricks. Other jobs required very little lifting, but still asked children to complete hard work by today’s standards. Despite the tasks, there were many reasons why these children working was dangerous. While working, children were abused and some even lost their futures.
The Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938 The Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938 was federal legislation enacted in 1938 by Congress. The statutes major provisions included creating a national minimum wage, assured "time-and-a-half" for overtime in certain jobs and child labor. These provisions were put in place and endorsed by Congress to stimulate the economy and protect workers. In efforts to ensure the act was enforced, FLSA also created the Wage and Hour Division, which is within the Department of Labor.
The work was also dangerous with not much supervising by the government. Workers, on the other hand, had little or even no bargaining power to leave the unsafe conditions. Nowadays, When Americans only pay attention when extreme work strike, levels of abuse are the norm hidden in the factories around the globe. Although the condition seems much improved, consumers don’t know the true fact- “Today, American citizens simply cannot know the working conditions of the factories that make the products they buy.
The main goal of businesses, in the growing manufacturing economy, was to produce the most product at the cheapest price. With a large influx of desperate immigrants looking for jobs, companies were able to quickly capitalize on the rights of vain workers. Viewing as them as easily replaceable, owners were easily able to take advantage of the rights of workers and utilize them to their advantage. The desperation prevalent in those willing to take the jobs that nobody else wanted supplied labor to factories, often for a high price. Worker’s rights were often manipulated in the industries exemplified throughout The Jungle.
Having traveled to Guatemala and seeing how most people live in third world countries the fact that well know American companies treat their oversees employees so poorly makes me angry. While in Guatemala many of the people there would work multiple jobs and still don’t make enough to be able to support their families. Their working conditions that I saw were terrible and their living conditions were not favorable just like the ones that were showed in the Nike sweatshop video. Although many people are looking for work in these third world countries to support their families, companies need to respect them and give the workers what is deserved. I believe that sweatshops still exist today, it’s changed from over time and they all have moved overseas because there are not many global laws that prevent against the harsh working conditions for these
The National Labor Relations Board (NLRB) oversees most labor relations activities in the private sector and was created by the 1935 National Labor Relations Act. The NLRB had basic principles that it determined was appropriate unit foe employees to have substantial mutuality of interest in wages, hours, and work conditions. The NLRB broke the principles down into detail to clarify what is dean appropriate for employees. The criteria for an appropriate unit includes; community of interest, history of bargaining, employees’ wishes, employees’’ unionization, employer’s organization structure, and public interest. Community of interest evaluate a group of employees and determine whether they constitute an appropriate bargaining unit, including;
Ravisankar begins his essay by talking about how consumers are constantly emphasizing finding lower prices and that means using sweatshop labor. The problem he identifies is as consumers in Western countries try to find lower prices, we are not helping sweatshop laborers escape their low standard of living. Ravisankar assumes his readers are unaware consumers in Western countries. His purpose in this essay is to educate his readers about the problem of brands’ exploiting their workers. In order to accomplish this purpose, Ravisankar appeals mainly to consumers to pay a higher price to help “improve the lives of sweatshop workers.”
Despite the abolition of slavery in the nineteenth century, a form of modern slavery called forced labor still exploits millions of men, women, and children today. Forced labor occurs when a victim is compelled to work under brutal conditions with no pay. This often allows popular companies to make a generous profit. There are a wide range of practices that fall under the umbrella of "forced labor," including child labor, bonded labor, and forced sex. Immigration, company confidentiality, and vague legislation contribute to the existence of forced labor.
And, unfortunately, it’s more prevalent in America than many may believe. When defining what exactly a sweatshop is and what it consists of, there are many forms that it has taken over the many decades of America’s existence. The basic definition of a sweatshop is a factory in which its employees, many being children, are exploited; working long hours in extreme cases of hazardous and unhealthful conditions for little pay. Despite the fact this is a
Bangladesh Sweatshops Introduction: People from low economic background are willing to accept poor working conditions, low wages and risks as any income is welcome to those who face poverty. Such is the case in Bangladesh where more than 5000 factories supply products to countries in Europe and America. Manufacturing of garments makes up the bulk of exports hence it is a vital part of the economic development of Bangladesh. Sweating for a T-Shirt Video: (A video by Global Exchange)-Followers of fashion are rarely aware of the conditions in which manufacturing is done.
Documentation (LO 4.1) To begin with it is a good practice of any HR professional to conduct a Job Analysis, which is a method to collect information about the content of the job that is being offered. The collection of information for this purpose can be done by various techniques such as interviewing current holder and line manger, observing individuals undertaking the role, 360 degree appraisals and review of current documents e.g. job descriptions, person specifications and competency frameworks. (Blended Learning Site, 2015) After a through analysis the following three documents are prepared: 1. Job Description: