Socrates enjoyed how Agathon phrased his speech meticulously. He believes that all the others who have given a speech about love have done a great job, but he does not think they tell the truth about love. He asks if he could say his speech differently and to ask Agathon some questions about his speech and Phaedrus allows him to. Socrates asks whether love is a love of something. An example that he brought up is a father is a father of a son or daughter and Agathon agrees.
And if an individual performs noble actions towards others then they can reach happiness, but only if those actions are performed with the “help of instruments, as it were: friends, wealth, and political power” (p.54). Aristotle explains that happiness consists in living in accordance with reason. Aristotle, “first starts by explaining that the “soul consists of two elements, one irrational and one rational” (p.58). Then on page 59 he states that “in morally strong and morally weak men we
This is nothing else.” (Rand, 101) All along he knew his happiness came from being alone, yet it wasn’t till now he realized the great burden of constantly serving others. His great epiphany derived the question, “What is my life, if I am but to bow, to agree and obey?” (Rand, 97)
(Adler, p. 4). In other words, Aristotle would define happiness as the state that the life of a person has reached its completeness, which means nothing that the nature of the man desires is lacking and all that the man pursued throughout his life is fulfilled. For Epicurus, however, the definition of happiness is different. As defined by Epicurus himself, for an Epicurean to define himself happy, the fundamental requirement can be being free from pain and fear, thus the life needs to be full of pleasure. When pleasure is overwhelming, there is no more room to ask for more pleasure, thus, it is the ultimate state of happiness.
During his discussion with Socrates, Euthyphro agrees with much of Socrates reasoning. One of these many concessions is that “the gods love the pious act because it is pious”. This concession ultimately leads to Socrates defeating Euthyphro’s claim. Therefore, Euthyphro should have answered slightly different than just a defeated “yes”. However, because of Euthyphro’s definition of the pious, equating the pious to the god loved, the statement is circular in understanding, but it remains a true statement.
Glaucon further acknowledges an additional set of goods which people “love for their own sake, and also for the sake of their consequences” (36), such as peace or intellect. Despite Socrates’ acceptance of these points, the two remain at war over how these points holistically apply to justice. Is it being just only consequentially valuable, or does it carry any instrumental benefit on its own sake? To further his argument, Glaucon performs a thought experiment – the Ring of Gygesthat – in attempt to discover the underlying motivation for acting justly. Glaucon describes a situation in which both a perfectly just person and a perfectly unjust person possess a ring that could make them invisible, thereby allowing them to act without fear of consequences (38).
In the final chapters of Anthem Prometheus thinks that the goal of any individual is to make oneself happy. There is many more purposes in life than that. After all the years of working to help his brothers Prometheus never felt true happiness until he only helped himself. Prometheus is only happy when he is living for himself.
But after he loses his good looks, it is evident that César believes that happiness is being rich and admired by everyone. After reviewing the types of determinism that argue free will, one will be able to understand why César’s life is determined psychologically and not by any other form of determinism or free will. One of the main arguments against free will is psychological determinism. This form of
“True heroism is remarkably sober, very undramatic. It is not the urge to surpass all others at whatever cost, but the urge to serve others at whatever cost”(Ashe). A real hero has the will to help others and make the world a better place. Almost anyone can achieve this feat without tears of frustration. Many heroes put aside their selfishness to do some good in this world we live in.
After, Socrates questions Agathon in regards his speech and exausht him. When Socrates is done questioning him, he finishes saying “Ah well, it was still a beautiful speech, Agathon” (Socrates, 45) stating that he still gives him some kind of love even thought he insulted him to some extent by giving his opinion of love. In my perspective, this conversation proves that love can be hate and love will be what we want it to be, therefore I believe there is no type of love among the philosophers, but rather they all share something in between like
Examining one’s life can bring many joys. There are many things that give people the idea that their lives are meaningful. These ideas could be the pursuit of pleasure and happiness, entertainment, sports, power and money, possessions and security, being famous and success, meeting other people, knowledge and every other thing that can give the smallest amount of happiness to the person. In the apology Plato describes Socrates’ venture to question people would were wise and content with their wisdom, but when they asked a series of questions to test their wisdom they were revealed not to be wise and were now upset. The flaw in that was that these people did not examine what had happened to them and did not learn from it.
The biggest struggle in the younger generations is that individuals are told to become whatever one can envision after all the world is one’s oyster. The world is full of opportunity and excitement to follow dreams and desires the problem is how does one execute it and achieve it. Sadly the reality is that not all individuals can achieve what they sought after, resulting for settling for what is left on the plate. In pursuit of achieving bliss, an individual must be willing to endure the ups and downs of the journey to search for pure happiness. In the play, Death Of a Salesman written by Arthur Miller depicts the contradiction to one’s own joy and the compromise an individual is willing to make in order to achieve happiness.
Happiness can be defined in many different ways depending on who you are talking to. To me, it can be found listening to my favorite music with the volume turned all the way up. Through this experience I am able to immerse myself in something I truly love and be a be a better, lighter version of myself. For some, happiness is living in the moment and experiencing life as it passes, but for others it means living a life of virtue. Though happiness may look different for everyone, it is something that everyone is striving for.