Information on cowpea marketing and trade is lacking and data on cowpea production economics scattered because marketing research has focused on export crops such as cocoa, coffee, cotton, groundnut and to a lesser extent cereals (Van der Laan cited by Langyintou, et al., 2003). 2.4.1 Food and health benefits Cowpea can be used at all stages of growth hence serves as an important source of food in Africa, Asia, Southern Europe, Central and South America (Nielson et al., 1993; Singh et al., 1997; Ahenkora et al., 1998). It is a source of vegetable protein and minerals for about 70% of Ghana’s population and the second most important grain legume, and currently a food security crop (MoFA, 2010). The mature dried seeds, immature seeds and pods and young leaves of cowpea constitute food for human consumption in Africa (Asare,
(Baligar et al., 2001) reported that the reclamation of applied inorganic fertilizer is low in many soils with approximately 50% or lower for nitrogen, less than 10% for phosphorus and close to 40% for potassium. Sauerbeck and Helal (1990) reported that the importance of nutrient use efficiency is to meet world food demand, fulfill the nutritional requirements of crops, high yield, resistance to pest and diseases and environmental protection. (Baligar et al., 2001) observed that higher nutrient use efficiency through plant could help reduce fertilizer input costs, decrease the rate of nutrient losses and enhanced crop yield. Best management practices such as addition of crop residues, green manure, compost, animal manure use of cover crops, reduce tillage and avoiding burning of crop residues can significantly improve the level of soil organic matter and contribute to the sustainability of cropping systems and higher nutrient use efficiency. Nutrient use efficiency is affected by soil factors, crop factors, environmental factors, fertilizer management and technology (Baligar et al., 2001).
Impact of industrialized poultry farming on consumer health The term poultry farming refers to a farm on which large number of livestock is raised indoor in conditions intended to maximize production at minimal cost. Poultry includes domestic fowls like chick¬ens, ducks, geese, etc. which are reared to obtain meat, eggs and feathers. It requires small capital investment and provides additional income and job opportunities to a large number of rural populations in the shortest possible time. Besides improving the nutritional value of the peoples, diet it generates rich manure of chemical fertilizers.
2003). In Nigeria, 80% of cowpea produced ism grain mainly in the savanna zone of the country (FAO,1999). The steady decline in food production due to reduced length of fallow on land has prompt farmers amend soil with different material (organic and inorganic) in order to enhance plant growth yield (Adepetu,
According to Hall (2008), micronutrients are essential elements for plant in very small quantity. Although it is found in enough quantity in the soil, it can be depleted over time if not replaced. It can cause soil to become acidic or alkaline and toxic if it is too much presents in the soil. Micronutrient is required in the correct amount for healthy plant growth. On the other hand, soil organic matter contains a significant proportion of the available fraction of micronutrients and is very important in the nutrition of crops.
It includes from providing water to the cattle to watering fields to produce grain for the cattle to eat. This much amount of water could produce many vegetables as 16 pounds of broccoli, 25 pounds of potatoes and many more. Animal waste also creates unsafe levels of antibiotics, phosphorus, nitrogen and other things in our soil and drinking water. Vegetarians generally have a lower risk of developing high blood pressure, several forms of cancer, heart disease, diabetes and obesity because these diets are usually lower in fat and higher in fiber. A vegetarian diet will result in a quicker weight loss because it tends to be low in
The farms are apt to adopt the monoculture in order to maximize profits. Under the mono farming method, the major environment threat is vanishing species. Pollan takes George Naylor’s farm as an example to illustrate the noticeable ecological change under corn subsidy. George’s farm used to be diverse and practiced crop rotation farming method. However, the situation changed from the 1950s, farmers accepted government subsidies to grow corn.
Quinoa is a potential fodder and grain crop, given its high protein content of seed and its ability to grow in a wide range of environments and stress tolerance. Quinoa can suitably grow in different stress conditions such as drought, acidity, high soil salinity and frost. (Vacher, 1998; Jensen et al., 2000; Bhargava et al.,2003a, 2006a; Jacobsen et al., 2003). 2. Importance of Chenopodium in India The popularity of quinoa is growing worldwide but in India it is still considered to be an underutilized crop.
In contrast to high-carb, low-fat diets which have led to skyrocketing rates of diabetes, obesity, and other inflammatory diseases, those who go on a paleo diet typically report lower blood sugar, triglyceride, LDL (bad) cholesterol, and blood pressure levels. In addition they often slim down along with belly fat. Since paleo is a grain-free diet, it's suited to those who have Celiac disease or non-Celiac gluten sensitivity. For such people, they require to rigorously avoid gluten-containing grains like barley, rye, and wheat. The Paleo Diet's
This is why it 's fairly common for vegetarians/vegans to deal with thyroid issues, they fail to get enough protein in their diet to replace what they 've lost by cutting out meats. The benefit of animal proteins is an amino acid that supports your thyroid. Choose lean cuts and go organic (or wild) – other types and cuts of meat will only increase inflammation. Great options are white fish, bison, and free range turkey and chicken. Healthy Fats – not all fats are bad fats, and it 's important to remember that when you choose the right foods to eat.