Amidst these perspectives it is a lengthy process in order to gain social change and progress to a more equal environment. Although social change has occurred, there are still a percentage of the American population that partakes in these views. It conceives it increasingly more difficult to accomplish unabridged views within their society on the concern of racial
As stated earlier the white monitory felt under threat and fear the extinction of the race as a whole and eugenics was perceive to be their last hope (Reference). Just as Britain had used eugenics in the classification of social status based on race; eugenics enabled the so-called “hereditary defects” to be segregated from society to protect the purity of the white race (Reference). Eugenics lay behind the construction of segregationist ideology in South Africa (Reference) as Professor Susanne Klausen. Each person belonged to the race where the texture of hair and skin color matched (Reference). Furthermore the Hassle on the distinctiveness of different cultures meant the burden of explaining human differences; eugenics was seen as the most efficient way of doing so.
“Beginning in the late 1870s, Southern state lawmakers passed laws that required Whites and Blacks to attend separate schools and to sit in different areas on public transportation.” (“Jim Crow Laws” 1). People thought these laws were needed because “The Jim Crow system was undergirded by the following beliefs or rationalizations: whites were superior to blacks in all important ways, including but not limited to intelligence, morality, and civilized behavior; sexual relations between blacks and whites would produce a mongrel race which would destroy America;” (“
20) once they dominated a huge part of the globe. White Europeans coined these terms as a way to show that non-whites simply cannot survive in this society and that non-whites needed them in order to survive. Nothing about how the white Europeans treated the non-whites was fair. While I know that slavery and racism were the societal norms centuries, even decades ago; I truly believe that my generation is of a different mindset. While I think some of the points Mills presents are relevant, I do think some of them are a bit extreme for today’s times.
The conflict theory can also be seen in the struggle for privilege and power. McIntosh wrote at the beginning that men don’t want to admit to their higher status and the conflict between the two genders; just the same as whites don’t want to admit they have more privilege. The members of the disadvantaged will always be struggling to obtain more which will keep the whites in power. Could this be why no one is ready to admit they have
The whites feared mixing of the race which is the Mongrel Race; because they were afraid the white race would be diluted. So, they did everything keep blacks at the bottom. The Southern states reacted by creating and enforcing Jim Crow laws. The Jim Crow was a system created as a segregation of colored people and white people, but mainly focusing on blacks. These laws existed because of the idea of being superior (Ferris State University, 2012).
She has been caught between two fires: racial dehumanization in the form of “slavery” and “lynching” on the one hand, and the call for “being good” and exerting effort for the betterment of oneself on the other. Self-development and betterment of oneself date back to Booker T. Washington who called for peaceful co-existence with white people instead of protesting against racism. He called colored people to work hard and realize achievements in order to prove to white people that they deserve equal treatment. Finney does not agree on some values and beliefs of the past as she criticizes Washington’s viewpoint by portraying a hard-done-by protagonist who has “heard / 7,844 Sunday sermons on how God made every / woman in his image (Finney, Head off & Split 9: 60-62). Parks has also “hemmed 8,230 skirts “for white women and hemmed out “18,809 pants legs” for white boys.
The closest social construct that could be considered a precursor to racism is tribalism. Ancient civilizations discriminated against each other due to cultural differences. Ancient Greeks, for example, held no regard for the color of a person’s skin, but they used it as an identifier of those who were different and were therefore, in their minds, less civilized. Discrimination based upon skin color, did not appear until the time of the Renaissance and Reformation. With the European enslavement of people from Africa came a need for a viable excuse to do so.
And most people assume that racism only deals with color of skin but it goes way beyond that. Racism is the belief that one person is better than another person for any reason at all whether it’s the color of skin, nationality, mental ability or sex. No one should be degraded or discriminated against for these
After the Underground Railroad, moral code came into question, and with the Constitution demanding all people be equal, the people in the North could no longer bear to uphold slavery. The Underground Railroad was risky and dangerous, but it furthered racial equality by creating a coalition against slavery and by freeing African
Segregation led to whites and blacks not being able to marry. The state argued that they couldn 't take away the right to marry because of their race. The fact that Virginia only prohibited marriage between whites and blacks is proof that thus alone caused the discrimination. Finally, J. Stewart argued that this state law wasn 't valid, which causes the act of discrimination. Many Supreme Court cases have experienced this, and has had the biggest impact on Civil Rights and Equality: Dred Scott vs. Sanford, Plessy v. Ferguson, and Loving v. Virginia.
The label of white trash even existing is seen to be appalling because of the former notion of white citizens being the alphas and that angered other White Americans(Eastman & Schrock pg 207). Stereotypes were and are a problem but Southern Rock & Roll musicians embraced theirs and appropriated with it because of capitalism. While no one deserves to be put into a category based on prejudice, White Americans made their stereotypes a positive while minorities struggled and still continue to struggle everyday due to stigmas placed on them. Different classes of White Americans were discriminatory against one another. If you were to portray this white trash image, you’d go against the grain so to speak and denounce their privilege.
Instead, this method is just creating more bad blood between the movement leaders and Native Americans. The leaders could have slowly introduced Native Americans into modern society. Perhaps giving them some rights that made them feel a part of the United States, instead of complete outsiders, which is what the Dawes Act accomplished. I feel like the act was very unjust and shouldn’t have occurred. It just cause more suffering and harm to the Native American
While being treated like nobodies caused civil right activists to rise up and take their stand for what was right (Howell np). Civil rights activists fought for years before anything they did started to make a difference until the Brown V. Board of Education case. “The first legal step taken to put an end to the practice of segregation came with the unanimous decision in Brown v. Board of