Pros And Cons Of Prison Reform

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V. PRISON REFORMS
The main part of this research paper is the reforms for the conditions of prison and make prison a better place for prisoner and make an alternative for incarceration.
The prison Reform for prevention of overcrowding in prisons:
A ten-point method for reducing the overcrowding in the prisons all over the world, these points are1:
1. Collect and use data to inform a rational, humane and cost-effective use of prison.
2. Review and reform the criminal justice process as a whole from arrest to release and invest in crime prevention and reduction.
3. Divert minor cases out of the criminal justice system.
4. Improve access to justice and case management during pre-trial detention.
5. Develop and implement constructive non-custodial
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Reduce sentence lengths and ensure consistent sentencing practice.
10. Develop opportunities for parole or other forms of early release and assist prisoners on release to prevent their return to prison.
These are some measures to prevent the overcrowding of prison which is major root cause of many problems in the prisons.
As, discussed second problem of pre-trail detainees, there is also a ten-point method or measures to prevent or to lessen the no. of pre-trail detainees in the prisons2:
1. Review the scope of the criminal law so that it is not used more widely than necessary.
2. Ensure international standards underpin legislation on pre‑trial justice.
3. Divert cases away from the court system wherever possible, use Alternative dispute and client counselling methods.
4. Offer courts a wide range of release options when defendants appear in courts.
5. Set amounts of money bail according to the circumstances of the individual defendant.
6. Introduce and enforce time limits for remands in custody, after which defendants should be reviewed or freed on bail.
7. Provide legal aid and assistance supplemented, where necessary, by paralegals to provide advice to defendants.
8. Establish effective file
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The elements necessary to control the use of force in prisons are well known. To prevent abuse, the use of force must be controlled through (1) clear policies; (2) meaningful and constant supervision of all uses of force; (3) timely and truthful reporting of all uses of force by the officer involved and anyone who witnessed the incident; (4) an accurate and unbiased investigation into allegations of excessive force; and (5) the consistent imposition of progressive and proportional discipline when excessive force is used or when it is not reported. A breakdown in any one of these components will inevitably lead to

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