1912 was a crazy year as far as presidential elections go. For one, there were four candidates voters were forced to choose from, rather than the usual Democrat or Republican. The incumbent, William Howard Taft, was challenged by former president Theodore Roosevelt in the Republican primaries, but even after losing nine out of twelve state primary elections, he still received his party’s nomination. The slight motivated Roosevelt to break off from the Republicans and campaign under his own Progressive, or “Bull Moose,” Party. For the Democrats, Woodrow Wilson, former president of Princeton University and Governor of New Jersey, was nominated after 46 contentious votes in their convention. Finally, there was Eugene V. Debs, the Socialist party …show more content…
What makes these issues similar to the ones voters face in today’s United States? How does the election of 1912 compare to 2017’s election showdown between Donald Trump, Hillary Clinton, and Bernie Sanders? The United States Presidential Election of 1912 has gone into the history books as the “decisive battle of the Progressive era” (Kolasky, 2011, para. 1) that had Taft and Roosevelt splitting the Republican vote, allowing Woodrow Wilson to become the 28th President of the United States and to ultimately introduce legislation that still conjures debate in America …show more content…
Under no circumstances will I be a candidate for or accept another nomination” (Gould, 2008, p. 43). In 1909, William H. Taft won the presidency after Roosevelt hand-picked his good friend for the Republican nomination. Their relationship took a turn for the worse over the following four years. After leaving office, Roosevelt spent a year and a half traveling Europe and Africa, and just before returning to the U.S., he received a long letter from Taft detailing the “hard luck” that had plagued him since becoming president, particularly his wife’s stroke and the “storm of abuse” he had been receiving from journalists. Roosevelt was disgusted by Taft’s unmanly “whining” (Kolasky, 2011, para. 5). The Roosevelt/Taft schism widened in 1910 after the Republican Party lost control of the House of Representatives in the midterm elections, and even more so in 1911 when Roosevelt was summoned to testify before the congressional Stanley Steel Investigating Committee to defend his approval of U.S Steel’s purchase of Tennessee Coal & Iron (Kolasky, 2011, para. 7). Taft, believing that Roosevelt testifying would demean the office of the president, asked him not to attend, but he was ignored. First, it was the Democratic majority of the Stanley committee that was largely critical of
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American voters became more influential in presidential elections because of the events that took place during the Jacksonian and Progressive Eras. In the Jacksonian Era, some voting restrictions were removed, voting became more private, the public was more informed about politics, and voters were taken into greater consideration by presidential candidates. In the Progressive Era, better living conditions, the fight against corruption, and other political reforms made it easier for the working class to vote for candidates that they favored. These events gave voters a greater influence in politics and made elections more fair. During the Jacksonian Era, states began to give citizens a larger influence over presidential elections.
Walter E. Williams discuss how Hillary Clinton blamed the electoral college for her losing the presidential election. Williams stated that many individuals believed that the electoral college is dangerous when it comes to American politics. Individuals also claims that there are three electoral votes, or one electoral vote per 200,000 people in the state of Wyoming which was another factor that weight in the presidential election. In California, one electoral vote equals 715,000 people. Williams also stated that there a lot of individual who complain about using the electoral college since they believe that it’s undemocratic.
The 1928 United States presidential election was a significant moment in American political history, and one that marked the end of an era in American politics. The election pitted Republican Herbert Hoover against Democrat Al Smith, both of whom were seen as strong leaders and potential presidential candidates prior to the campaign. Despite their strengths, however, both Hoover and Smith faced significant challenges during the campaign that made their path to the presidency difficult. For the Republicans, the election was largely framed around the prosperity and growth of the 1920s, with Hoover positioning himself as the candidate best equipped to continue this trend.
In the end, Roosevelt defeated Taft in the primaries, by which voters chose their preferred Republican candidate. Effectively, at the Republican National Convention, the party bosses nominated Taft for reelection. Roosevelt implicated the party leaders as thieves, him and his delegates walked out of the convention furious. Reported fistfights erupted on the convention floor. In the midst of all this, the Bull Moose Party lost at the national government level in 1912, it continued putting candidates on the election at the state and local votes.
He later links Brown and Lincoln, saying that he thought it “half melancholy and half amusing” that men “in company with John Brown, and under the lead of Abraham Lincoln” sought to address the problems of their time, but the men of his time nervously shrink from, or frantically denounce, those” — which includes Roosevelt himself — “who are trying to meet the problems of the twentieth century in the spirit which was accountable for the successful solution of the problems of Lincoln’s time” (2). He also describes Brown and Lincoln’s generation as the “men to whom we owe so much” (2). Placing Brown, an extremist, in Lincoln’s lionized class demonstrates Roosevelt’s admiration for Brown’s results, if not his methods. Though it is perhaps unfair to classify Roosevelt’s references to Brown as positive, grouping him and Lincoln is certainly an unusual historical and rhetorical decision. Lincoln himself condemned the man, declaring Brown was “no Republican” in an 1860 speech to the Cooper Institute, and general public opinion of Brown was highly negative.
The “ex post facto law” not being followed as the Constitution demanded was no exception and he made that his concern. Taft neglected his popularity ranking to act upon what was best for the country in his opinion. That is what defines him as a courageous man. He didn’t wait for a “political correct time”- he simply said it as he saw it. John F. Kennedy was undeniably right about
The ascension of Theodore Roosevelt to the presidency marked a dramatic turning point in bringing meaningful reform in America because he was the first ever president to lead hands on and believed that the government should serve as an agent of reform for the people. Roosevelt abandoned his Republican counterparts’ ideals of a ‘laissez-faire’ economy and turned to helping the American people through welfare programs and minimum wage laws. Above all, Theodore Roosevelt served as a voice for the masses and implemented what they had long desired. Around 1902, exposing the evils of industries, politicians and the rich and famous was a very hot industry.
In September 1901 Theodore Roosevelt became president when William McKinley was assassinated. He thought that the presidency was basically a “bully pulpit”. Roosevelt was “a steward of the people bound actively and affirmatively to all he could for the people” (Divine 2013, p. 546). Roosevelt tried to bridge the gap between the African Americans and the whites but most southerners believed that what he was trying to do was a crime that was equal to treason.
After Roosevelt’s two terms, William H. Taft came as his successor. Roosevelt had put his trust into Taft that he would carry on with all the policies Roosevelt had yet been able to put into action before his time was up, but Taft had done exactly the opposite. Taft reversed many of Roosevelt’s policies which could be called a battle won on the conservatives end, but soon after Taft began to try and lower tariffs. Taft ended up splitting the Republican party up which helped the Democratic party greatly in the election of 1912 when Woodrow Wilson won the presidency. Wilson was a great asset to the progressive cause, fighting against the four privileges: wealth, banks, tariffs, and trusts.
The party was formed in 1912 by the urban middle class, who were displeased with all of the corruption in politics. This party was very successful at achieving what the Populists could not. They succeeded at getting laws passed to restrain immigration, set up a postal savings banks, limiting work days to eight-hours, and set up an initiative, referendum, and recall. The Progressives also had several amendments passed, the sixteenth, allowing for the graduated income tax, the seventeen, enforcing the direct primary that was passed by the Populists, the eighteenth, staring the prohibition on alcohol, and the nineteenth, allowing everyone to vote regardless of their gender. Much of the Progressives success was due to muckrakers.
Despite being the only major political party the Democrats experienced a lot of conflict among themselves Eventfully a party known as the Whigs developed. Both the Democrats and Whigs wanted to expand the numbers of voters. They accomplished this by eliminating several voting restrictions put on white males. Like the Federalist the Whigs supported northern merchants. Besides supporting merchants, the only thing members of the Whig party really had in common was there opposition to the Democratic party.
The predecessor of Roosevelt stated, “He criticizes me because I prosecuted the Standard Oil Company and the Tobacco Company through to the Supreme Court and got decrees there.” Both Roosevelt and Taft had well thought out campaigns that eventually morphed into attempts to turn the people
New Nationalism vs. New Freedom In the 1912 election for president there were four candidates, two were Theodore Roosevelt and Woodrow Wilson. Both had reforms that they placed as the center of their campaigns. Roosevelt’s reform was New Nationalism and Wilson’s was New Freedom.
As current time and social status are being challenged and pushed, the Jim Crow Laws were implemented. These state and local laws were just legislated this year, 1877. New implemented laws mandate segregation in all public facilities, with a “separate but equal” status for African Americans. This may lead to treatment and accommodations that are inferior to those provided to white Americans, systematizing a number of economic, educational, and social disadvantages.