United States of America has gone through many economic, political, development stages, from its creation up to modern times. An important political movement happened in America after the urbanization period. The technological development and mechanization of work, influenced the country in different ways, according to particular areas. Two parties were created, the Populist Party and the Progressive Party. They both wanted to make radical changes in the states, but their goals, reforms and success, were distinct from each other.
The Progressive era became an iconic time that would not exist if the U.S. was not a democracy. Individuals became empowered to change after seeing all the problems that industrialization created. Progressive era reformers in the late 19th to the early 20th century believed in constructing a new order to improve American welfare. During the progressive movement many progressives such as Robert F. La Follete and Jane Addams sought to generate reform for fairness and to enhance moral values. As a civic duty, progressives such as W.E.B Du Bois fought against the racial injustice in America as well as establish a new order to create a more virtuous society.
Roosevelt had recently read Upton Sinclair’s “The Jungle” which exposed in graphic detail the horrors of the meatpacking industry. He was shocked and disgusted, and responded by appointing a special investigating committee to look into the food handling processes in this industry. Coming back with reports confirming much of what Sinclair had written, Roosevelt began pressuring Congress to address the issue. Though he realized the devastating effects these reports could have on the meatpacking industry, he chose to put consumer protection first. Congress soon passed the Meat Inspection Act and the Pure Food and Drug Act of 1906 after much pressure from Roosevelt.
This group endorsed politicians who supported banning alcohol, and organized state reform to try to ban alcohol. From 1900 -1917 almost half of the United States voted to go “dry” (Fagnilli 29). As saloons closed to cure society’s problems, immigrant tempers arose (Danzer 514). The effort to improve morale in the United States during the Progressive Movement proved to be a failure due to the fact that immigrants would be unhappy if the states went “dry,” and prohibitionist would be unhappy if the country did not become “dry.” While promoting moral improvement proved to be a failure, many efforts were made to reform the economics in the United
From 1896 to 1924, America went through a period known as progressivism in which people of all walks of life banded together to oppose conservatism and reform society. Progressives generally believed that government is necessary for change, however; it had to more significantly embody the ideals of democracy. Some of the specific changes that progressives wanted were regulating railroads, a direct election of senators, graduated income tax, limited immigration and eight-hour workdays. By supporting these changes, the progressives hoped to promote and expand democracy and thus give the people more power. One of the goals of the progressives was to address the wealth gap and reduce income inequality by transferring power to the people through
The government has built these watchdogs that watch everyone’s every move to see if they are breaking the society’s laws. Montag is really disturbed because he is a different person and he is scared that the dog is suspicious of him. The dog is very good at hunting down and killing, which is a huge example of a dystopian society that has no privacy. Another example in Bradbury’s Fahrenheit 451 would be when the captain says "Come
The book is undoubtedly most known for exposing the meat industry as endangering the American populace, bringing food inspection to the “forefront of American consciousness”, and leading to the Meat Inspection Act and the Pure Food and Drug Act (Lerner). This is undoubtedly noteworthy- after all, it is the first exposé on the food industry and the well-deserved reason why the novel is so frequently mentioned in history textbooks. However, the true purpose of The Jungle is to serve as a “round of ammunition in the battle for social justice” and advocate the use of “individual progress put to use for the common good”, making it an important criticism of capitalism and a part of the Progressive Era (Napierkowski & Stanley). Because it exposes injustices which America has yet to remedy, there is relevancy to the text and, therefore, a need to read it in classrooms. The reformist nature of the times is effectively captured through Sinclair’s descriptions of the meatpacking industry and its unfair treatment of workers in a dramatized way that differentiates it from other muckraker texts (Bielakowski).
Genre: This book is in the genre of political and historical fiction, as it portrays the horrors of the meat-packing industry with a few fictional characters. Historical Context: Upton Sinclair was a muckraker, which meant he was a journalist who exposed the harsh societal norms
Written as an indirect attack at the labor industry, the real driving force behind the popularity of the novel was that many readers could not fathom the truth behind the meat industry. Which means, rather than seeing change in labor rights, many people instead fixated on his vivid descriptions of meat packing in the text. Sinclair embodied such descriptions of rotten meat, toxic chemicals, dirt, sawdust and even rat droppings, that consumers across the nation could not believe was actually being sold in stores and butcher shops. The story initially begins with a Lithuanian couple who have moved to Chicago in search for a better life. Following the wedding of the two, the main character in the novel, Jurgis, pursues a job at the stockyards of Chicago.
Upton Sinclair is the author of the book The Jungle. The Jungle was written to tell the public about the conditions of workplaces, particularly in the meat packing industries. Sinclair used graphic words to describe the rotten, nasty, and contaminated meat. As History.com (2016) states, the thought of what their food was going through hit the public hard in the stomach, but that was not the impact that Sinclair had in mind. History.com (2016) came to this conclusion becasue the information recieved from the book.
He knew that the city’s government was full of bad politicians and he did what he could to change it. Grover ran for president in 1884. He went up against James G. Blaine and won. This all happened in a course of 3 years. Grover married his wife, Frances Folsom Grover in 1886.Grover was 27 years older than her.
During the 19th and early 20th century alcoholism, drug abuse, and gambling addiction were some of the issues that confounded American society. In order to preserve social morals and improve crime rates, health, and the hygiene of Americans during the early twentieth century, the U.S Senate proposed the eighteenth amendment in 1917. The ratification of this amendment soon made the production, transportation and sale of alcohol illegal. The nationwide prohibition began in the United States in January 1920. Prohibition caused alcohol companies to be shut down by the government, yet there was still a market for alcohol consumption and American street gangs were willing to meet market demands.
Hoover made many political enemies when he was pressing the federal Farm Board on Congress. This turned out not to be wise decision or political move. The most positive outcome of Herbert Hoover’s presidency was successfully enforcing the Good Neighbor policy. Not only did he talk about what he was gonna do he actually walked the walk. With the Clark Memorandum passed, Hoover removed military troops from Latin American countries as well as removing numerous naval ships in the region.
In Sinclair’s novel, he graphically described injuries obtained in the industries, such as severed fingers which spread diseases and blood poisoning. Besides just injuries, Sinclair also provided many details on the diseased meat, dead rats in the meat, and rat poison that got into the meat processors (“Meat Inspection Act,” 2015). He also detailed how the meat packing industry was corrupt, exploitative, and oppressive to go alongside the dangers that faced both the consumers and workers (Cherny, “The Jungle and the Progressive Era). From his work, the Meat Inspection Act (MIA) was created to provide safer food for citizens, and it established sanitary standards for both slaughterhouses and meat processing plants. The MIA was designed to go hand in hand with the Pure Food and Drug Act, which was created at the same time as the Meat Inspection Act in 1906.
After the labor unions won, workers worked less, and they still had the same salary. However, the economic crises in 1837 collapsed the labor unions because of economic hard times, and with immigrants coming in surplus willing to work for cheap, regular people could not compete and thus had to work at the beckon of the factories. Labor unions worked when the economy was resilient, but when the economy was shocked, everyone was too afraid of demanding more when there were those willing to work for