The sixteenth century in Europe was a time of change for the Europe. People were starting to question the Church's authority, some people who questioned the Church were Martin Luther, John Calvin and Henry VIII. These people helped to start the Protestant Reformation. The Protestant Reformation was a time when new religions were formed by people who protested the Catholic faith and what it was doing. Many people date the start of the Protestant Reformation with German Martin Luther's "95 Theses," a paper which spoke against the pope using Indulgences for the Sacrament of Reconciliation. His paper spoke of how the Bible should be the main guide for Christians and that faith rather than good deeds was the way to Heaven. He nailed the paper to the door of the Church, making the topic up for debate. Within years Luther had gathered enough followers to begin their own churches in Germany. The faith Martin Luther created was called Lutherism. From Germany the Protestant …show more content…
Henry VIII broke away from the Church so that he was able to annul his marriage to Catherine of Aragon when she would not give him a son as a heir. The church would not grant him his annulment, so he excommunicated himself from the Church. By doing so he became Protestant, and England broke away from the Catholic Church. After Henry died, his son ruled, before he died as well. After the reign of her half brother, Mary I, also known as Bloody Mary, became queen of England. Mary I changed England back to Catholic during her reign as Queen, but after she dies and her half sister took the thrown, Elizabeth I changed it back to Protestant in 1558. Even though England was Protestant, she still let some of the Catholic practices stay. Queen Elizabeth I proclaimed England a "middle way", having the new religion be a mix of Calvinism and
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The Protestant Reformation had a huge impact in all Europe in the sixteen century, but which ones were the factors that lead to it? It is very important to highlight that the European Christianity was falling into a noticeable corruption of its popes and some other high position members. Robbery, and even warriors were among of some factors that took the Cristian Church to a declining path. One of these examples was the Pope Julius II, which one won the nickname “the warrior pope” because he led armies against people. Furthermore, the church was not the only factor promoting this reformation, some other social changes were occurring with the masses in Europe; many of the peasants were being free especially in the western Europe.
The Protestant Reformation was a movement that spread throughout Europe, in which started in 1517. The Reformation affected Europe politically and socially. Feelings leading up to the Reformation were very religious, and very much full of disrespect. In document 2, written by Martin Luther in the 95 Theses, many people were very bitter of the church’s idea of “the money box.
European countries in the late 1500’s were typically split between Protestantism and Catholicism due to the Protestant Reformation in session. Philip II of Spain was a strong, dominant Catholic leader in the late 15th century. He wished to see England stay Catholic as it was with the old Queen, Queen Mary (Bloody Mary) who was a harsh Catholic leader. But Elizabeth was Protestant unlike her sister Mary, she converted them to a non-strict form of Protestantism.
The Protestant Reformation beginning in 1517 was the split from the Catholic Church led by Martin Luther. The English Reformation beginning in the 1530s was the split form the Catholic Church by England, led by its king Henry VIII. Both Martin Luther and Henry VIII’s motives for religious change were similar, they both wanted to separate from the Catholic Church and the Holy Roman Empire. But Martin Luther’s reason for his motives were mostly based on the corruption of the Catholic Church, while Henry VIII’s was a more personal reason, to gain the right to divorce and become an independent king from the Pope. In their actions, they both developed an independent church, free from the Holy Roman Empire, but Henry VIII stuck to some of the Catholic
The Protestant Reformation was the 16th century religious, political, social, and economic upheaval which was an attempt to reform the Roman Catholic Church and resulted in the creation of the Protestant church. The Northern Christian Humanists of centuries before believed that the Christian faith had once been a simple religion that had been twisted and distorted through time by the incompetent papal authority. The Reformation completely changed the medieval way of life in Western Europe and introduced the era of modern history. Even though the movement dates from the early 16th century, when Martin Luther first challenged the authority of the church, the conditions had existed for hundreds of years. Religious and intellectual aspects were
Martin Luther created a whole new branch and the first one out of many that differed from catholicism greatly. Soon after the creation of protestantism, also known as lutheranism, many other branches broke off from Catholicism like calvinists, anabaptists, methodists, and many more. He also was the reason that the Catholic church got together to create the Holy Office and initiate the Catholic Reformation, otherwise known as the counter-reformation. He also was a factor in many peasant revolts like the German Peasant revolts. Likewise, King Henry VIII triggered the new branch from lutheranism called anglican, and the church called The Anglican Church which still lives to this day.
That's why Martin Luther made this Protestant religion, and people supported
The protestant reformation was caused by the breaking down of authority and power of the catholic church. Europe was impacted with wars between catholic and protestants because leaders try to break free from the century old grip of the catholic church. The monarchs wanted to build bigger armies so they can control the people more but to do that they would have to raise the taxes and the people did not like that so the peasants started to revolt. The more the peasants revolted the bigger the armies got and the bigger the armines got the higher the taxes were so that made the peasants mader and mader.
The Protestant and English reformation were both reforms that took place in the 16th century against the Roman Catholic Church. Comparatively these reformations are alike and different in some sense. For example, Two leaders led these reforms and went against the church’s beliefs for different purposes. For personal reasons , King Henry VIII went against the church, whereas Martin Luther knew the church could not offer him salvation amongst other reasons. Before becoming a monk, Martin Luther was once a law student .
The Reformation was a time in Europe in the 1500s in which people questioned the beliefs of the Catholic Church. There were many changes made by the catholic church. The people that were responsible were Martin Luther, John Calvin and King Henry VIII. The Protestant Reformation of 16th century Europe was primarily the result of three men and their disagreements with the Catholic Church; Martin Luther, John Calvin, and King Henry VIII forever changed the religious landscape of Europe.
Luther had a lasting political legacy, as his promoting of free thinking was the beginning of modern democracy, as people were encouraged to state their opinions and think individually. Another prominent political figure during the Reformation was Henry VII of England. Henry VII called for the separation of the Church of England from the Roman Catholic Church in 1534, after a disagreement with Pope Clement VII concerning the annulment of his marriage with Catherine of Aragon. There were many structural changes within politics, as more individuals became concerned and involved with political issues. Even though the Reformation is regarded as a primarily religious revolution, it had undoubtedly a profound effect on political
Martin Luther was a Catholic monk at the University of Wittenberg in Germany. Luther was unhappy with the practice of selling indulgences (a pardon releasing a sinner from performing a penalty in exchange for money), so, on October 31, 1517, he nailed his 95 Theses to the door of the Castle Church in Wittenberg. These Theses were intended to encourage discussion about indulgences, but, with the help of the printing press, Luther’s 95 Theses gave rise to the Protestant Reformation (Document B).
One of the major European movement during the sixteenth century was the Protestant Reformation. In the beginning, this movement intended to reform the practices and beliefs of the Catholic Church. Before the age of dissent and division, the church was viewed as the sole vehicle for salvation. However, with all the turmoil within the Catholic Church, the people has lost faith in the church’s ability to lead them into salvation. They have lost sight in its very core.
The 16th century was a period characterized by the revolutionary ideas and innovations that developed during the Renaissance. As these new ways of thinking flourished, the church, which had been overbearingly omnipresent in the Middle Ages, began to lose its influence, and its methods of practicing faith were questioned. Eventually, a spiritual revolution grew from the realization that the church hierarchy was focused more on their own monetary and personal gain, than on preaching God’s truth. The Reformation was a series of rebellious movements that strived to revive the morals of early Christianity and resulted in the division of the Christendom, which heavily influenced multiple aspects of Western and modern society. By the mid-17th century, both the Christian and Protestant Reformations had
The Protestant Reformation was a religious movement in Europe during the sixteenth century. There were several people who were greatly involved in the Protestant Reformation. “The discovery that changed Luther’s life ultimately changed the course of church history and the history of Europe.” Martin Luther was largely responsible for initiating the Reformation on October 31, 1517 when he nailed his Ninety-Five Theses to the door of the Castle Church at Wattenberg.