The Protestant Reformation beginning in 1517 was the split from the Catholic Church led by Martin Luther. The English Reformation beginning in the 1530s was the split form the Catholic Church by England, led by its king Henry VIII. Both Martin Luther and Henry VIII’s motives for religious change were similar, they both wanted to separate from the Catholic Church and the Holy Roman Empire. But Martin Luther’s reason for his motives were mostly based on the corruption of the Catholic Church, while Henry VIII’s was a more personal reason, to gain the right to divorce and become an independent king from the Pope. In their actions, they both developed an independent church, free from the Holy Roman Empire, but Henry VIII stuck to some of the Catholic …show more content…
Martin Luther didn't agree with many of the practices and beliefs of the Catholic Church. He didn't agree on some of the practices of the clergy like simony, the sale of church offices, nepotism, the giving away of church offices to family members, and pluralism, the holding of more than one church office at a time. He also was really against the sale of indulgence, documents sold by the Catholic Church lessening penance or time in purgatory. He thought that the church was only selling indulgences to earn more money and that indulgence didn't really do what they promised. He also didn't like the fact that people didn't read the Bible and thought that …show more content…
Martin Luther wrote the 95 theses declaring all of the wrongdoings of the Catholic Church which caused him to get excommunicated from the church. He created the protestant religion which believed that all people should be able to read the Bible, and that faith alone could result in salvation. Martin Luther created Bibles that common people will be able to read and created strict rules for his pastors to prevent corruption in church offices.Henry VIII created the Church of England, independent from the Catholic Church. With parliament, he wrote The Act of Supremacy which declared him the head of the church, ending the authority of the pope. He allowed divorce in his church which allowed him to leave Catherine and get married to Ann. He also took control of land belonging to the Catholic Church and redistributed it to the nobles in England increasing the national treasury. The church of England only had minor differences from the Catholic Church and kept almost all of the Catholic practices. Both Martin Luther and Henry VIII provided new Bibles for their followers and reduce the power of the pope. Both the English Church and the Protestant church allow divorce to be practiced, which appealed to the common
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1. The Reformation was a period where men like Martin Luther challenged the teachings and authority of the Roman Catholic Church. However, before the Reformation, the Church had to deal with problems such as the Sack of Rome. In 1527, Holy Roman Emperor, Charles V, had his own troops come against the city of Rome, take the city over, and imprison Pope Clement VII. While the Church was trying to deal with outer conflicts, there was a problem that was rising from within.
Martin Luther and King Henry VIII of England are both famous in part for their separation from the catholic church. They were both excommunicated, paving the way for foundation of their respective churches. However, Luther and Henry VIII were motivated by different things. Though both men left the church for change, Henry VIII had personal and political motivations while Luther had purely religious motivations. Both men left the church because the church was not fulfilling their needs.
(K = 3 marks) The Protestant Reformation or the Reformation (for short) was a religious and political development in the early 16th century and was led by Martin Luther. Martin Luther said that the Catholic Church was corrupt and it should be reformed so that the Church was less greedy and accessible to people, not only the rich and educated. He wanted simple things changed like the language that the bible was written, because not everyone was able to read
In document 7 Selections from Martin Luther’s 95 Thesis, it described how Martin Luther said that one cannot buy forgiveness or their way into heaven, and that God will give them salvation for free if they ask. He also said that the Church only wants money and does not care about god. The Church was being immoral by selling the indulgences which led to the corruption of the Church. The people realized the Church was wrong and started to question their
King Henry’s marriage to Katherine was finally annulled and he remarried to one of the queen’s servants Anne Boleyn but she did not bear a son either. When he died England became mainly Calvinistic with hints of Protestantism. The Catholic Church had a fairly slow response to the accusations of the corruption but they did form the Council of Trent which had the main job of defeating heresy in the Church. This council also introduced the Counter-Reformation which made many changes to the way the Church was being run and added more intellect elements in with the teachings.
The Protestant Reformation was a cultural and political change that splintered the Catholic Church in Europe. Reformers like Martin Luther, John Calvin, and Henry VIII challenged papal authority and questioned the Catholic Church’s ability to define Christian practice. The person that had the most responsibility for this rebellion is Martin Luther. People agreed with his beliefs against the catholic church and they followed him. The Protestant Reformation affected people a lot by either unifying them or dividing them.
The cause of the Reformations was more theological than secular. Problems within the church were growing larger and larger. Many people did not agree with all of the churches practices, but there was nothing the could do about it. There are several major theological differences between Protestants and Catholics. Protestants believe that the bible is the source of Gods revolution to mankind.
Martin Luther’s reasons for challenging the Catholic church changed after he translated the New Testament. Before the New Testament was translated (document A), Martin Luther had a very respectful tone displayed through his writing. In document A, Luther was bothered by the practice of indulgences, but continued in his letter to say that he was not blaming anyone. 18 years later in Document B, Luther had translated the New testament and realized that the Pope was misinterpreting the scriptures. He was then very disrespectful through his words and blamed the Pope for taking people’s money and by so believing that the person who paid for the indulgence was saved.
Martin Luther created a whole new branch and the first one out of many that differed from catholicism greatly. Soon after the creation of protestantism, also known as lutheranism, many other branches broke off from Catholicism like calvinists, anabaptists, methodists, and many more. He also was the reason that the Catholic church got together to create the Holy Office and initiate the Catholic Reformation, otherwise known as the counter-reformation. He also was a factor in many peasant revolts like the German Peasant revolts. Likewise, King Henry VIII triggered the new branch from lutheranism called anglican, and the church called The Anglican Church which still lives to this day.
Martin Luther and his followers seized the right to read and interpret the bible in a new way, that paid the way for Reformation. Martin Luther challenged the church. He criticized the churches ideas and practices. He sought no revolution, but he tried to persuade church leaders to make reforms. Luther believed that gods free gift of forgiveness did not depend on taking sacriments or performing good deeds.
Starting from the statement that Christians receive salvation through faith and the grace of God. Luther also stated, “The churches rituals did not have the ability to save souls. ”Also Luther talked about how the Church and the Pope make errors often. This had gone from a need for reforming indulgences to a whole
Martin Luther was a german theologian who brought on the reformation by demanding changes in the Catholic Church (“Martin Luther”). Martin grew with a father that was a miner and grew up working and being very religious (“Martin Luther”). One year later he followed out his promise by leaving everything behind and being ordained a monk (Martin Luther, World History Ancient and Medieval Eras). Many people believe Martin spoke badly about the church because he was corrupted by temptation. Martin Luther was ordained a monk in 1507 and did this hopefully find inner peace however, temptation made
Reformation LEQ Throughout the sixteenth century, Protestant Reformations were a common theme among a vast majority of European countries. The Protestant Reformation that took place in Germany was led by Martin Luther, a former Catholic Monk. His reasons for Reformation were solely religious based, which was very different than the Reformation that took place in England. The English Reformation was led by King Henry VIII, but unlike Luther, his reasons for Reformation were personal.
Starting in 1517, there was a schism between people and their minds. These people fought for what they believed no matter how similar or how different, however, the battles fought between the factions were justified by any means necessary. The battles took great tolls on both sides, over fifty million people were killed. This discrepancy in belief was called the Protestant Reformation, started by Martin Luther. The main two factions of the Reformation were the Protestants and the Papacy; the Papacy having the backing of Spain and all of the corrupt rulers that wanted power and Martin Luther and his Protestants having the backing of princes and rulers looking for opportunity in political and financial front, though some of Luther’s backers did
The Protestant Reformation began with a movement made by a monk simply to criticize and challenge the actions of the Church. From the disapproval of selling indulgence to the demand of equality, multiple forces have sparked the inception of the Protestant Revolution. Martin Luther’s decision to take public stand against the Church was revolutionary to the society. A movement for religious reforms, known as the Protestant Reformation, was born. Luther’s beliefs were soon adopted by and appealed to every levels of society.