During the fifteenth century the Catholic Church was in control of everything and believed that law was the way to keep order. Then, a reformer named Martin Luther came amidst. Although Martin Luther disagreed with the practice of indulgences, distrust in different powers through religions, and salvation through good works, he took action and wrote his 95 theses, affecting people politically, socially, and economically, all of which led to a reformation of the Catholic Church and new faith. In 1517, many citizens of Germany had many political views about Luther. Despite Luther facing protests and riots against his beliefs, he was able to give people a different vision of faith.
An emerging interest in human reason posed a threat to the church, which by now favored order, conservatism, and stability. As one author puts it, "Movements suspected of enthusiasm, such as Puritanism, Quietism, and Janesism, fell into disrepute, and the authority exercised by the state in religious affairs became more pronounced. It was an age dominated by Reason, which, until it provoked a reaction in such movements as Pietism and Evangelism, posed a formidable challenge to Christianity. Out of the Age of Reason came renewed interests in art, architecture, and music. The church used these as tools for enhancing worship, affirming faith, teaching, and advancing aesthetics.
Benjamin Franklin was one of the founding fathers of America. Being such, he helped create the constitution in America. One of the striking aspects of this document was the focus on freedom, including freedom of religion. In his Autobiography part 2, Franklin demonstrates his gift of irony once again as he points out the lack of freedom that organized religion allows its followers. In his view, the absence of moral teachings renders the religious establishment obsolete as an inspiration and source to good morality.
And yet , accepting the alliance of Chaos and Satan face value raises problems .” Chaos is God’s enemy and this is why God warns the angels of Satan’s intentions and send’s Raphael down to Earth to inform Adam and Eve of the dangers they face with Satan and to teach them to not fall into chaos and so they should always obey God’s supreme order. Since the 17th century had people creating their own opinions and following new ideals on Religion , Milton’s new and individual view on christianity makes ‘Paradise Lost’ both personal and universal . it expressed the importance of remaining strong in one’s personal religious
We live in a global village that has many religions in it and hence should not make laws that are partial to few or put others at a disadvantage. Religions have contradicting opinions on topics and no law supporting or declaring that any one opinion is correct should be passed. Looking at it from a broader perspective, religion should not interfere with the rights of people, such as freedom of speech. Salman Rushdie himself felt the blunt of this as the supreme leader of Iran, Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini issued a Fatwa against him, calling for his assassination following the publication of his novel, The Satanic Verses in the l980s. He claimed that the book was against religion as an Islam itself.
Both wanted to seek freedom. The different in between the two was the way they thought of Christianity. They both had strong beliefs in the way a Christian should live and act. Puritans set out to make the Religion stricter and more purity than before. While the Pilgrims thought it was too strict and wanted to let loose of some of things they felt was not necessary as a Christian.
Moreover, he uses pathos because the puritans basically based their society on faith, they reached their emotional level because the puritans god was a vengeful god and they feared him. He tries to convince puritans to be a good example, and desires other towns to look upon theirs as an idolatry Puritan community. He uses persuasive diction and figures of speech to reinforce his idea of a “city upon a hill”, which is having absolute unity and conformity in able for the colony to prosper. Finally, in Patrick Henry speech, “Give Me Liberty or Give Me Death!”, wants for people to go to the war, so they won’t be seen as somebody weak, he goes for that we go to war not for the love of bloodshed but to prove them their strength than they think. In other words, he wanted the people to feel good about their troops and what they need in life.
Social Norms in comparison to Honest Morality of Huck Finn Nelson Mandela once said, “No one is born hating another person because of the color of shin, or his background or his religion. People learn to hate, and if they learn to hate, they can be taught to love, for love comes more naturally to the human heart than opposite.” Nelson Mandela criticizes society by saying that it is the society’s own fault that people are being discriminated and not strong enough to speak up for their thoughts. He also says that it is possible for society to change but it takes brave challenges to realise it. In the novel the Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, Huck escapes society and civilization by fleeing onto the Mississippi river with a slave who becomes his best friend over this adventure in which Huck learns a lot about racism and human behaviors. In the novel, Mark Twain demonstrates
They wrote books to spread their ideas around the world. Some of the things the church tried to do to stop the spread of these ideas was through the Index of forbidden books. Another way was through inquisition, and last thirdly using the jesuits to spread their version of christianity across the land. The Index of forbidden books was finalized in 1546 by the council trent. The index of forbidden books was a list with all the books that the church thought could hurt them or potentially inspire/teach the real truth about christianity and their religion.
Entering into a new world would not give them any interferences to reform their religion as they saw fit. The Puritans used religion to be very judgmental toward their community of settlers. They did not let people in their communities practice religion in their own way. They were very adamant and the church influence on the community was over religion. The Puritans soon became the judge, jury and executor of punishment for citizens.