The author also states and concludes that measures must be taken to eliminate racial disparities in health. Racial disparities, the racial differences in discrimination, is an indicator of health status of a person. Large racial disparities can cause a decline in health in one type of racial group for example Blacks have an elevated death rate for 8 of the 10 leading causes of death. The mortality rate and infant mortality rate for Blacks is higher than for Whites and this is because there isn’t equality in society. There are many reasons for the large difference in health between Blacks and Whites, one of the reasons is the limit of housing options
Racial differences play a huge role in the access of health care services for Americans. It is perceived that whites are more likely to access quality services than ethnic minority groups in the country. The racial groups that are perceived to have limited access to healthcare services include the black community and Hispanics across the United States (White & Chanoff, 2011). Geographical factors also determine the level of access to health services since some regions have fewer medical resources than
Like Times Square in New York City or Walt Disney World in Florida and California. However, like every other place in the world, Harlem has its challenges as well. According to Dartunorro Clark in his article “Loss of Affordable Housing Increases Health Issues in East Harlem: Study” Clark discusses how the lost of affordable housing has more of an impact to Harlem’s residents’ lives. The New York Academy of Medicine conducted an in depth look into Harlem and cautioned that if more is not done to build and create more affordable housing, residents could be facing dangerous health issues. According to the study, “East Harlem has lost approximately 1,854 units over the next 10 years and a failure to develop more affordable housing will continue to lead to evictions, displacement, decreased housing affordability and potentially poor health outcomes.” There is more to the importance of our health than just worrying about health care and there is a bigger picture behind it.
An acknowledgement of multiple intersecting identities is a prerequisite to understanding inequality in the public health system and in fixing it (Bowleg 2012: 1). Bowleg cites the black feminist founders of intersectionality and uses intersectionality as theoretical framework. She operates from the position of marginalized populations to create space in a system that must acknowledge them by citing inequities such as those reflected by HIV rates. (Bowleg 2012: 2). Due to the infancy in the field cited by McKibben& McPherson there are issues in the potential application of intersectionality to public health.
This makes it difficult for candidates to reach out to this demographic to get them to come out to vote. The link between the different ethnic groups plays a role in the voting turnout as well. The Hispanic and African American communities tend to vote at lower rates than the Anglo (white, English speaking) Texans. With the 2008 election of President Barack Obama, the first black president, the vote within the African American community rose greatly and was about equal to the Anglo vote. Many politicians blame the 2011 Texas Voter ID Law as the cause for many of the issues with voter turnout.
As expected, when juxtaposing the racial climate of the 1920s and 1998, there is a great disparity. In the late 90s, a time also known for great societal change, African Americans had been given the same rights as white Americans, but not quite the same societal status. The discrimination was to a much lesser degree and usually thought of as socially unacceptable. Howard Johnson, an African American newspaper editor from the 1990s, gave his thoughts on social change in the African American community during
A good example is illustrated in the treatment of organs where patients may require organ transplants. When compared to white patients, black patients do not get as much information and this in many ways jeopardizes their health. It follows therefore that even where the black patient would be in a position to access an organ transplant, they do not have information to that effect and this heightens racial
Assignment 2 Know discriminatory practices in health and social care. Discriminatory factors- Age: Age is how old you are determined by year. An example of who may be discriminated against because of their age would be the elderly and the young. For example in a health and social care setting would be if an individual goes to the hospital and they are told their injury isn’t as important as an elderly persons injury because they are more vulnerable. Individuals shouldn’t discriminate against these people because the Equality Act 2010 is in place.
showed that although women and people >70 years old were less likely to enroll in CR, overall survival benefit was better in CR patients compared with non-participants, as well as a decrease of 28% in recurrent MI (7). Study subjects demonstrated a 3-year survival of 95% compared with 64% in non-participants. The authors hypothesised that improved endothelium-dependent vasodilation of coronary arteries due to exercise training was the most important mechanism to clarify the obvious reduction in myocardial ischaemia and coronary events. However, many other mechanisms have been put forward such as advantageous effects on lipoprotein profiles, anti-hypertensive effects, and enhancement of insulin sensitivity
The legislative body (1991) asked the IOM to appraise the degree of ethnic and racial inequality in the health care considering the elements assuring the social status and their capability to afford the care, recognizing the resources of theses discrepancies and propose the recommendation strategies. The IOM committee fulfilled this demand and reviewed approximately hundred studies that help in the evaluation of quality health care services for different minority groups. Some of the studies that employ that more precise research plans perusing patient’s perspective while using the clinical data extracted from patients visual aid. In addition to it, a vast number of published research studies conclude that minorities receive fewer services than the white, counting the clinical measures. In common this study reveals
Health Care Disparities Health care disparities are unfortunate and being culturally competent is an essential step toward eliminating these inequalities. In this discussion, I will review what disparities are associated with the Appalachian culture and how they affect health status, employment, and education. I will also identify two nursing interventions that could be taken to help decrease the affect that health disparities have on the Appalachians and review what the biggest challenge would be when implementing the interventions. There are about 27 million people that live in the area defined as the Appalachian region, which spans 13 states.
The results, much like the pain diagnosis and treatment disparity studies, are mixed. For example, a recent study by Oliver et al. evaluated the extent to which physician racial bias, explicit or implicit, determined whether they would recommend a total knee replacement (TKR) for Black patients suffering from severe osteoarthritis (OA). African Americans are diagnosed for OA at a higher rate than Whites yet TKR treatment rates are consistently lower. Participating physicians in the study were presented with a mock clinical case study featuring a photo of either an older White or Black man and instructed to fill out a questionnaire assessing whether the fictitious patient would be an ideal candidate for TKR.
That is not paranoia. It is our historical legacy and a present fact…” (P.4 Vanessa Northington Gamble). This means that throughout history people value more of one race compared to the other race, which is sad but true. African Americans living at that time was brainwashed by society that their lives aren’t equal but less worth compared to the White people. Due to the way society worked back then, that influence their relationships with medical profession.
It was reported that the African American uninsured health coverage rate decreased by 9.2%, therefore providing coverage for 2.3 million adults. The uninsured health coverage rate has declined as a whole for the country since Presidents Bush’s presidency from 16% to 11.9%, significantly impacting health care equality as a whole in American (NBC, 2015). President Obama has also worked to reduce racial and ethnic health disparities through The Affordable Care Act. This health reform advocated increased racial and ethnic diversity of professionals in health care through the HSS Action Plan to Reduce Health Disparities and the National Stakeholder Strategy for Achieving Health Equality (White House, 2015). United States being the number one superpower in the world was not able to provide its
Wouldn’t it be nice to see health disparities or racism eliminated from populations? Wouldn’t that be something to behold? In 1999, the CDC initiated the Racial and Ethnic Approaches to Community Health (REACH) program to reduce the health disparities that exist between racial and ethnic cohorts.1 From 2009 to 2012, REACH programs have shown improvement from past funded programs;1 yet, only a few governmental and nongovernmental agencies are taking advantage of it. In 2006, the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation provided funding for interventions to reduce racial and ethnic disparities and improving health care services in minority communities, because evidence-based research data show patients of specific racial and ethnic cohorts often receive