On the issue of disparity which has been way back history, the fact about this, is that health care provide on their part are involved in biased and stereotyping which in turn affects the way they relate and treat their patient. On the other hand, it is a problem for minorities to have access to care, even if they are insured on the same level with whites. Factors such as cultural familiarity, language and geography are all barriers that affects minorities, likewise policy, legal and regulations do affect minorities to receive quality care. Therefore, disparities in health among ethnic, socioeconomic, and gender groups in the united states has been a long-standing issue. Among are socioeconomic status, gender language, age sexual identity etc.
The lack of financial resources can be a big problem to access to health care. The lack of available finance is a barrier to health care for many Americans but access to health care is reduced most among minority populations. The irregular source of care is another reason why access to health is a disparity. Compared to white individuals ethnic or racial minorities are less likely to be able to visit the same doctor on a regular basis and tend to rely more on clinics and emergency rooms (News Medical Life Sciences). 5.
Health disparities consist of health conditions that occur in different groups or people that may or may not be preventable. Health disparities are differences that occur in the supply and access to certain healthcare. Factors such as certain races, ethnicity, and social classes are what health disparities are based off of. Some people will have a higher risk of certain diseases or illnesses than other people. 2.
The lower the income a household has, the more stress it faces. Outstanding stress can have long-lasting negative effects on the hippocampus (1.). Hanson found that poor children had less gray matter within the hippocampus (5). Hanson concluded that “higher levels of chronic stress” could result in small hippocampal volumes into adulthood and other “early environment” factors, such as
In health and social care, we tend to label individuals without knowing it and the outcome of it can be difficult for individuals to understand. However, labelling can be calling people names which can be offensive to the person and this can be referring to someone as be fat, uneducated, mean and weak. However, labelling people in health and social care setting can affect both the discriminator and the victims in a way that limit communication and appropriate services for the service users. In relation to labelling, if some discriminated against the other, the outcome could be that the individual can end up disrespecting the victim or causing an harm to the victim and the effects is that it can limit the the idea of seeing the real person behind the scene. For example, in a care home if someone refers to an individual of be fat this can be a form of labelling and this can affect the way the individual feels about his or herself.
According to Chin (2005), populations at risk are the individuals that are mostly susceptible to disease such as underprivileged, weak, incapacitated, economically disadvantaged, homeless, racial and ethnic minorities, individuals with low knowledge or education, victims of abuse or maltreatment, and individuals with social risk elements such as isolation . While vulnerable population is a group or groups that are more possible to develop health-related problems, have more trouble gaining access to health care to address those health difficulties, and are more likely to experience a poor consequence or shorter life span because of those health conditions. That is, there are provoking factors that place individuals at greater risk for persistent poor health status than other at-risk individuals (Maurer, 2013). Risk and vulnerability are interrelated to each other.
Both men and women face health care disparities, the difference are each genders health concerns, access to healthcare, financial barriers, preventive and follow up care. In the 2013 Kaiser Men Health Survey and 2013 Kaiser Women Health Survey presented that women’s health concerns, preventive treatments, and follow up treatments, are of greater expense compared to men. So women are most likely not to access health care due to high cost and lack of insurance in comparison to men. This same study also found stereotypical gender roles plays a big part,when it comes to accessing health care. Women are most likely not to see a provider due to childcare, lack of transportation, lack of time and inability to take time off work.
Today, health disparities among minority populations is a growing phenomenon that can be prevented with extensive research. A health disparity is a disease that differs greatly in occurrence among different populations. The focus in this critique will be on health disparities among minority populations in the United States, since little nursing research has been done in this area. The more research conducted on health disparities among minorities could improve the gap that exists between minority groups and prevalence of certain diseases. The two articles I chose to critique are Gaskin et al.
Another driving factor of these conspiracy beliefs is the justified mistrust of the health care system. African Americans are the least healthy race in the USA, with higher death rates than whites from diseases such as cancer and diabetes. Health care providers show bias and prejudice against blacks, and the majority of health care providers are white.
As seen in the table below, the CDC shows that those from lower affluence or socioeconomic status, consistently have higher percentages of prevalence for all of the health categories listed. Studies have found, that individuals, age 25, in lower SES levels were said to have a life expectancy of 6 years less than that of higher SES individual that was the same age (Chen). In addition, one study found that those from the lowest SES group are 2.5 times more likely to be hospitalized or visit the emergency department, and 3.5 times as likely to suffer activity