The Critical Race Theory’s framework is a tool to assess how structural inequalities and social institutions produce an oppressive and discriminatory environment for minorities in America (Salas et al, 2010). The Theory’s use of critical thinking helps Social Workers understand and identify the target problem, and to examine how people’s history and culture have influenced, or been influenced by, past and current policies that create inequality in America (Suet et al, 2007). It also encourages Social workers to be aware of their distinct privileges, disadvantages, beliefs, values, biases, and stereotypes that they hold, so they can understand how this affects the work that they do with their clients. It is essential to apply all this knowledge
1. According to the article, the difference between individual, institutional, and structural racism is: individual racism is examined as a social psychological phenomenon that based on the bias that might be created by different individual’s ideas and beliefs. While institutional racism is “based on a system in which the White majority ‘raises its social position by exploiting, controlling, and keeping down others who are categorized in racial or ethnic terms’” (Silva 1997: 466) The author considered racism as an institutional matter by using the example that the majority of the society might think minorities as colonists who are not belong to this society originally. At last, structural racism is a system regarding to politics, institutional practices, and cultural representation to strengthen the inequalities between different racial groups. 2.
Meaning that coming from a functionalism theorist point of view, Black Lives Matter is a movement that fits the need of African Americans. It’s their voice to as whole, to say this something that needs to happen. The social learning theory is “a social learning
The main theory of the article The main theory of this article is Aversive Racism. According to the theory, negative racial evaluations are realized by persistence interaction avoidance with other racial groups. Aversive racism theory covers the more subtle side of racism which is often expressed through ambivalent attitudes, expressions, and prejudices. The basis of this theory is based on research examining explicit and implicit racial attitudes of white people in relation to their behaviors in interracial interactions, both theoretically through other researcher 's work or research and a procedural research. The procedural research was conducted in a liberal arts college where a randomly selection of twenty-five female and fifteen male undergraduates was done from a poll of a hundred and forty-three potential participants and asked to participate in the twenty-item attitudes toward blacks scale research procedure (Dovidio J. F., 2002) The specific questions addressed by the study There are three main questions addressed by the study.
and (d) How do your current attitudes and beliefs affect your interaction with other culturally diverse clients and people of the dominant culture? Most important, this model allows for investigation of clients ' level of conformity and idealized identification with the dominant culture as well as their rejection of their own culture.”
1. What do the terms “race”, “bias”, “attitude”, “judgment”, “care” and “assumption” mean to you? Race means that it is a group that person is commonly associated with the community, Race is a group which is characterized by hair, eye, and skin color. Bias is something a person uses to look at the world bias is something you can learn over time on your own or be taught by parents. Bias is a shift in a way someone perceives something or someone.
Conceptualizing Racism Throughout Malcolm’s life, he encounters various types of racism that have been instilled into society. The conceptualizing racism aspect includes institutional, individual, and cultural racism. Malcolm experiences all forms of racism as he develops in his life. Institutional racism is a pattern of social institutions that give negative treatment to a group of people based on their race. Individual racism is a practice that reinforces inferiorization based on the beliefs, attitude, and actions of individuals.
As psychology and sociology professors all three of them, provides a study where they explore the factors that Africans Americans and Latinos students have as barriers in their education. By providing an introduction to the factors presented, it evokes that the system of education is failing to fulfill their purpose. As well, it proclaims that the factors the minorities face and explains how these barriers affects the students. This article is most useful source in the essay because it guides to become the argument that the education system in not working with minority students because of the barriers they are faced with. The time that this article is released, complements the actual experience of minority students in this century and this
Although, from a psychological point of view stereotyping help human brain to comprehend this world the prejudiced image built in it is can change a behavior of a person towards others. Brent Staples in his essay “Just Walk on By: Black Men and Public Space” and Judith Ortiz Cofer in her work “The Myth of the Latin Woman: Just Met a Girl Named Maria” both revealed the problem of racial discriminations of ethnic minorities in America. Despite the fact that both authors described their own life experience and emphasize the necessity to ruin the existing stereotypes they presented different ways of solving the