This is a shocking statistic, as only 13% of the United States ' population is African American. Racial profiling occurs at higher rates for African Americans and Hispanics. This issue is very significant to me as almost all of my closest friends are African American or Hispanic. Every time I hear on the news that an African American or Hispanic man was shot or brutalized by a
The U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics concluded that an African American male born in 2001 has a 32% chance of going to jail in his lifetime, while a Latino male has a 17% chance, and a white male only has a 6% chance. Only 6% chance! This is a sign of discrimination and racism. In 2009 African-Americans are 21% more likely than whites to receive mandatory minimum sentences and 20% more likely to be sentenced to prison than white drug defendants. Again, the whites have it easier than the other races!
¨1 in every 15 African American men, 1 in every 36 Hispanic men are incarcerated in comparison to 1 in every 106 white men. 2. According to the Bureau of Justice Statistics, one in three black men can expect to go to prison in their lifetime¨. Our prison system is looked at as a place of violence. Many people may argue that it should be that way and many people argue to disagree.
One in eighteen black women are imprisoned. With latinas, one in forty five and put in jail. Racial bias, and socioeconomic inequity are main contributors to racial disparities in the criminal justice system. African Americans have the highest chance of being arrested and convicted in the system. They also receive stricter sentences than Latino and White men.
If 20 percent of them had a serious mental illness, that would make a total of approximately 149,000 jail inmates with a serious mental illness (How Many Individuals with Serious Mental Illness are in Jails and Prisons?). In 2011 there were 1,382,418 inmates in state prisons. If 15 percent of them had a serious mental illness, that would make a total of approximately 207,000 state prison inmates with a serious mental illness (How Many Individuals with Serious Mental Illness are in Jails and Prisons?). If the number of jail and state prison inmates with a serious mental illness in america were added together, they total approximately 356,000 inmates (How Many Individuals with Serious Mental Illness are in Jails and Prisons?). Since there are only approximately 35,000 individuals with serious mental illness remaining in state mental hospitals, there are now 10 times more individuals with serious mental illness in jails and state prisons than there are in state mental hospitals (How Many Individuals with Serious Mental Illness are in Jails and Prisons?).
However this was only the beginning of my awakening, as the class continued I was in awe of the injustices that African Americans face in the criminal justice system. It was around this time that I first saw the Rodney King beating along with the LA riots. I was in disbelieve of the entire situation. In this paper we will be looking into the racial disparity in prison sentencing. Young, African American and Latino males -especially if unemployed- are subject to particularly harsh sentencing compared to other offender populations.
As more members left, the Ku Klux Klan lost their influence and the United States saw more people assimilating African Americans and other ethnic groups. Before the fall of the Ku Klux Klan many members who were tried for their wrong doings were acquitted of their crimes; after the conviction of David C. Stephenson, however, many of his peers followed his path to prison after being fairly tried in court. Due to the scandal they had lost most of their supporters, especially in high branches of government. As a result of this “Louisiana, Michigan, and Oklahoma passed anti-mask laws intended to frustrate Klan activity. Most of these laws made it a misdemeanor to wear a mask that concealed the identity of the wearer, excluding masks worn for holiday costumes or other legitimate uses.
The United States has the highest incarceration rate out of every other country in the entire world to date. Since 2002 the United States has had the highest prisoner population and currently has around 500 prisoners to every 100,000 citizens, for around a total population of 1.6 million prisoners (Tsai, Scommegna, 2016). On average many of these prisoners only have around a 10th grade education level and nearly 70% never graduated from high school (Tsai, Scommegna, 2016). With these statistics being said, it is safe to say that many of them will have a very low literacy rate. Also the prison populations in the United States is growing at an uncontrollable and unsustainable rate both financially and space inside the prisons themselves which
David C. Baldus, a law professor at the University of Iowa found that black defendants were 1.7 times more likely to receive the death penalty than white defendants and that murderers of white victims were 4.3 times more likely to be sentenced to death than those who killed blacks. Obviously, blacks and whites are victims of homicide in roughly equal numbers, yet 80 percent of those executed had murdered white people (New York Times, 2011). Alongside racial discrimination found within capital punishment is that of socio-economic discrimination. People with substantial income can afford the best criminal defence team when going to trial, whereas those of lower socio-economic status cannot. It is obvious that death sentence is largely dependent on the quality of one’s defence team, and the price of a good lawyer can equate to that of an entire mortgage.
While people of color make up about 30 percent of the population of the United States, they account for 60 percent of those minorities are imprisoned. “The prison population grew by 700 percent from 1970 to 2005, a rate that is outpacing crime and population rates.” (Dr. Robin Guils, Standard Prison Studies). Consistently, minorities are given poor scenarios that lead to obvious bias in the system. Men of color are especially preyed upon in the system. There is a large amount of Caucasian people in law enforcement field while 78.7% of Police officers are White, making that the most common race or ethnicity in the occupation.
According to race: 22% of people are Latinos, 37% are African Americans, 39% are Caucasians, and 20% are Asians and Native Americans. According to this breakdown it is true more whites are in jail, however, African Americans have the highest percentage of minority rate. 2 What justification(s) for punishment does incarceration meet? There are four types of punishment. The most common type is retribution.
African Americans comprise 31% of individuals arrested for drug violations. In eleven states, at least 1 in 20 black adults are in prison. Research shows that prosecutors are twice as likely to pursue a mandatory minimum sentence for black people as for white people charged with the same crime. One in nine black children and one in 38 Latino children have an incarcerated parent, compared to one in 57 white children. Higher rates of incarceration in minority communities have lead to the destruction of the family
“Black Lives Matter” (BLM) is an international activist movement, originating in the African American community, that campaigns against violence toward black people”(Petersen-Smith,1). Over the years, since the black power struggle “Between 1970 and 2005, the prison population increased by a historically unprecedented 700 percent. According to the Bureau of Justice Statistics, roughly half of federal prisoners are incarcerated for drug offenses”(Petersen-Smith,3). This was due to inequality and police officers abusing their power. “Black youth are ten times more likely than white youth to be arrested for drug crimes” according to the ISR (International Socialist Review).
This statistic could steam from since 1980 to present the prison system has quadrupled in population from a half of million people to roughly 2.5 million people(NAACP,2015). Some would say that this is the reason for the downward trend of violent crimes in America, Because more of the people are locked up and not on the streets in order to commit crimes. Which may be the case, but the question still remains why is the statics of race in the prison system still a overwhelmingly different. For Example African Americans are locked up 6 times more than white offenders, As of 2008 the prison system is predominantly (58%) made up of African Americans and Latinos (NAACP,2015). From these statistics, it could possibly be assumed that the socioeconomic status from where a person is from could lead to a answer as to why this is happening all over
The documentary the “13th” had shocking statistics on how many people are incarcerated in the United States. The 1970’s was the beginning of the “mass incarceration era,” which started with 357,292 people incarcerated. From there, the prison population has continuously increased and reached a population of 2,306,200 in 2014. Many of these people incarcerated are African-Americans because the criminal justice system has always worked against them. African-Americans in the United States account for 6.5% of the population, meanwhile they account for 42% of the prison population.