Chief Bromden believes that McMurphy is " a giant who [came] from the sky to save us fromt he combime." Nurse Ratched is the woman in control at the mental institute who is oppressive and dehumanizing. She has absolute control over everyone. In a way, Ratched knows the patients better than they know themselves and she uses that to her
Nurse Ratched is a harsh, dictatorial woman who manipulates her patients in order to keep her extreme power. “She smiles and closes her eyes again and shakes her head gently. "Of course, you may take the suggestion up with the rest of the staff at some time, but I'm afraid everyone's feelings will correspond with mine” (Kesey). Even though readers do not get to see the Big Nurse outside of the hospital and her strict personality, she uses the mistreatment of the patients as a defense of events from her personal life. Despite her acting as if she has total regulation of the ward, Nurse Ratched is actually unstable in her life, feeling vulnerable by the patients because they bring up the idea that she may not be mentally secure
Since, they were not fighting for self respect and empowerment. Mcmurphy passed around the girls knowing they would not mind it. Nurse Ratched however, is a role which is consistent with my view of women in the 1960’s. Since, she was powerful,and did not let the men belittle her. The movie represents the issues of sexism and authority issues.
Although the novel does not have many role models, it does have one important one that is McMurphy. McMurphy is shown as one who does do things for selfish reasons such as gambling and taking advantage of situations to get what he wants. But he is also shown as one who self sacrifices himself for the good of his people, which are the patients of the ward. The Nurse uses time as her strongest asset in her battle with McMurphy so even though she is losing in this
McMurphy was in prison for breaking the law, nurse Ratchead was strict and obsessed with order and some of the patients voluntarily committed themselves there because of their inability to act in compliance with standards, rules or laws of the society. The theme of gender roles is seen in the way McMurphy hates Ratched or just that he hates female authority. Most of the male patients have been damaged by relationships with overpowering women. For instance, Bromden's mother is portrayed as a castrating woman; her husband took her last name, and she turned a big, strong chief into a small, weak alcoholic. One got to be mentally ill to be in the hospital at the first place as this is a place to recover from mental illness and be able to live with the outside world.
While McMurphy’s actions from his entrance appeared to be rebellious in nature, he was not intentionally countering Ratched, though, he very quickly realized that Nurse Ratched enforced many petty rules, such as patients were only allowed to gamble for cigarettes and patients were required to stay together at all times. Ratched essentially worked to micromanage the patients’ every action. The longer McMurphy stayed, the more he learned about what he considered to be injustices patients endured, although Ratched would protest that rules were implemented with the best interest of the patients in mind. In disregarding most rules, McMurphy started to do as he pleased in order to spite Ratched, sparking rebellion. A charismatic personality greatly benefitted him during this entire ordeal, allowing McMurphy to gain access to loyalty from other patients, who saw him as their savior, while politeness and charm directed towards Big Nurse meant she could not punish him for talking back.
In the struggle between freedom and power, McMurphy’s sacrifice allows freedom to prevail. His leadership in a rising rebellion parallels many of the countercultures that arose during the 1960s. His rebellion fights against Nurse Ratched in the way that the countercultures fought against the government and society in the past to the present. The men in the asylum are unknowingly unhappy before the arrival of McMurphy. Through his antics, the men are saved from society in the form of Nurse Ratched’s regime.
In the drama film, One Flew Over the Cuckoo 's Nest, Patrick McMurphy was moved from a prison farm to a mental institution to get evaluated for his erratic behavior. Upon being transported to the institution, all his assumptions about his new home were completely wrong. The head nurse, Nurse Ratched, has the whole hospital under her control with little to no freedom for the patients. All the inmates at the institution go through rigorous training to become obedient to Nurse Ratched and her strict schedule and rules. The institution was a very controlled environment with the patients having no control over their own life’s while there.
Instead his character is downgraded to a whiny sidekick. Regardless, Cheswick still elicits the same response from McMurphy however, the response is a watered downed version of the events of the novel. For example, cigarette and George’s bath scenes sperate in the novel but were combined in the film. McMurphy punches the glass window of the nurses’ office to grab cigarettes for Cheswick who was complaining and brawling with the orderlies as a result. Cheswick again was inspired by McMurphy and act like a child complaining for cigarettes; the scene is confusing with a conversation devolving into a clutter of arguments.
Through Chief Bromden’s journey rediscovering himself in One Flew Over the Cuckoo’s Nest by Ken Kesey, he witnesses recurring power struggle between male and female characters, such as between Nurse Ratched and McMurphy, or between his parents. Although widely regarded as kind and benign characters in society at the time, in these conflicts, female characters are often tagged with detrimental characteristics, and therefore are depicted as demeaning antagonists. Through Chief’s biased narration, Nurse Ratched is often seen to be emasculating patients, through influencing their way of thinking, and thus their decisions to remain with the institution. She plays an essential role in confining the dynamic of the hospital through her recurring manipulation of patients. She influences, or in some cases, uses her power to force others into doing things her way.