In German nobleman Christoffel von Lichtenstein’s legal plea for leniency to Count Wilhelm von Henneberg on August 24, 1525, German peasants’ cruelty and estranged behavior is apparent. From Lichtenstein’s perspective and being a nobleman most anything the peasants did came out as evil and rebellious. He goes to say that even though he had grown up with peasants’ parents, and was a very old age, this held nothing with the peasants and that they went on to force him into signing an allegiance to them. In the last year that would experience the terrible rebellions committed by the peasants, most of them in southern Germany, Emperor Charles V and the formal assembly of imperial councilors and officials advising Emperor Charles V came to the
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Although Wolsey was able to celebrate success at the beginning of this juridical reformation and served his King successfully by making the system more efficient, meaning that his subjects were subjected to less waiting time and the system had less chance of being corrupted, it was eventually corrupted and abused. This turned a success into a failure and his own goals of removing threats to him from Henry, so that they would have no further influence, brought about another failure. He not only failed to serve his King, as his duties suffered when his timetable was overcome by too many court cases, but also failed to serve himself or the country.
To historians, the “Thirty Year War can also be seen, at least in its initial stages, as round three in the series of religious wars that resulted from the Reformation. Round one had ended with Peace of Augsburgy in 1555, and round two with Henry IV of France allowing French Protestants limited freedom of worship…”(Hanks, 321). Throughout Mr. Robisheaux’s book, he shined a light on the impact the war had on small towns, such as the Langenburg village. The impact on Anna Schmieg’s life can be seen through how the Lutheran Church handled her case and how her upbringing affected the case as well. As the fear of the unknown impacted the spread of fear of witchcraft in the countryside of Germany, the impact of the church can be seen through the rebuilding process of church authority in the communities.
During the period between 1550 and 1648, the view of the Holy Roman Empire, France, and the Spanish Netherlands shifted to perceive religious diversity as a strength and not as a weakness. Following the bloody civil war between Charles V and the Schmalkaldick league, the Peace of Augsburg took the first steps to reestablishing domestic stability. The contract specified in Document 4 illustrates the town council in Saxony mandating the cooperation of Lutheranism and Catholicism with the Catholic church allowing Lutheran priests to perform sermons in the upper balcony. The system helps to ensure domestic stability which goes in sharp contrast to the war under Charles V for religious uniformity. Therefore, Document 4 illustrates that the city council believed that there could be political stability with religious diversity.
Hi Claritza, I felt like Mama did the right thing by tricking Papa to build a room for himself as a way of birth control, because it is sure that Papa will never had agreed with her about this. Women also have the freedom to live healthy, according to their dreams. The present day women are really lucky- they have the voice to tell anything without hesitation. Hats off to the ladies of past generation
The truth is we may never know how Ensign Joseph Coulon de Jumonville died. I read four stories that surround Jumonville’s death; and indeed, his death appears to part of an eighteenth century mystery. ➢ Similarities ➢ Facts: George Washington, aided by Indian leader, Tanaghrisson known as ‘Half-King’ surrounded the French early in the morning. o There was an altercation o
In 1526, the Decree of the Imperial Diet stated that wronged lords and noblemen were allowed to fully regain control of their estates and serfs (Doc 7). This decree was a direct response made by the assembly of imperial councilors and Emperor Charles V; during this time period the council consisted of only nobles and the wealthy, therefore the response toward the rebellions was quite negative because they were the ones being directly affected by the revolts (POV). The population of Germany responded differently to the peasants rebellions based on their viewpoints during that particular time
A sense of identification that comes with being a part of a religious factions along with socioeconomic reasons lead to the spreading of the Saint Bartholomew's Day Massacre. Johann-Wilhelm paints a picture of rampant thievery, barbary, and murder toward Huguenots. One specific point he mentions is, "more than four hundred peasants and farmers came into the city so as to pillage and steal, in recompense for the losses they had suffered during previous troubles. They butchered and massacred the unfortunate Huguenots without mercy" (120). This description appears to be focused less on religious furvert against the Protestants, but rather peasants were searching for a form of societal reparations.
Peter Hagendorf’s diary chronicles his experiences throughout Europe as a mercenary for several different armies during the Thirty Years’ War. The diary is linear in form and records events from 1629 to 1649, excluding information from the first eleven years of the war. … This essay will discuss several passages from Peter Hagendorf’s diary and what can be discerned from it regarding the Thirty Years’ War as a conflict devoid of law and order resulting in the destruction of cities and settlements across Europe and the maltreatment of citizens by the armies involved. Hagendorf’s account of events occurring at Landshut is particularly unsettling.
Once when a baron abandoned his nephew and a dispute broke out, King Louis avoided war tactics in order to prevent the poor from becoming even more overburdened and “out of love for justice and his compassion for the churches and the poor” Louis eventually settled the quarrel in court in a merciful manner (Suger 110). In Suger’s judgement, Louis’ acts of nonviolence in order to retain peace for the churches and poor are appropriate decisions, but he reveals that
The middle class was arising and was becoming larger. Which meant they were able to challenge the authority of the church due to them being the majority. Even though the middle classes were big in size, the higher classes included the nobles, commoners and the clergy (popes, monks, bishops and priests). Since most of the classes were getting more attention and more benefits, the peasants were not quite happy. They were not at all, they became resentful and revolted towards everyone else.
Passing, a novel by Nella Larsen, addresses the issue of race by telling the story of two African American women - Clare Kendry and Irene Redfield - who represent different aspects of passing1. In the novel, passing refers to the process of crossing the color line, where a light skinned person who belongs to the black racial community enjoys white privilege2. However, people who pass struggle with double consciousness as they long to honor their race without necessarily being associated with it3. The novel is highly invested in ambiguity to show the fluidity and complexity of race, and how it paves the way for passing4. Passing illustrates the struggle African Americans face with their unchosen race and their attempt to control their identity
Thomas Hobbes has been famous for his philosophies on political and social order. In many of his scholastic works, he maintains the position that in the presence of a higher authority the duty of the rest of mankind is to simply obey. The discourse on this essay will focus on his views expressed in his book The Leviathan. In this book Hobbes’ views are fundamentally entrenched in his description that in a society with no higher authority life would be nasty, short and brutish (?) .This essay will engage in discussion by first laying out the conceptual arguments of anarchy and the human state of nature.
Was the French Revolution preventable? This is a question that is fascinating to think about. What could have been done differently to prevent this revolution that cost countless people their lives? Why were others willing to give their lives, for what cause? Why was life so turbulent?
Medieval society often put forth the idea that men were superior to women in intellect. Abelard writes, “the weaker sex needs the help of the stronger, so much so…that the man must always be over the woman…” (Abelard 39). This ideology of male superiority is clearly depicted in the wide difference between occupations made available to Abelard and Heloise. Although Abelard chose a life of a scholar and philosopher, he had the option to choose from a wide variety of occupations, ranging anywhere from a merchant to a priest. All of the professions available to men were those that put them in dominant positions over the women in society.