They both were huge liars, who accused innocent people of being something they weren't. Abigail Williams accused women of being witches during her era and Joseph McCarthy accused society in his days of being communist. “Both individuals accused innocent people of wrongdoings for their own selfish intentions…” Joseph McCarthy and Abigail Williams were playing mind games with everyone around them. Manipulating and had some sort of power to convince everyone around them to believe the same thing. “They are similar because, they both had an image to obtain to their society…” Williams and McCarthy both became the fear of their
The Accusation and Punishment of Witches in Salem In the late 1600s in Salem, dozens of people were accused of practicing witchcraft and working with the Devil to torment people. It all started when a child grew ill for seemingly no reason, causing the people of Salem to believe a witch was among them. Children started accusing men and women of witchcraft, and those men and women would pay for their alleged crimes. They were thrown in disgusting jails, chained to the walls, drowned, lit on fire, and hanged for crimes they did not commit. People confessed to working with the Devil for the chance that they would be spared by the church.
After all these were women who were treated as rats and in their eyes God had forsaken them, they needed some support in their lives and turned to Satanism.“This was heavily promoted by both Catholic and Protestant churches through the 16th century and beyond. The belief offered the neatest solution to the dilemma of theodicy, the theological conflict caused by the presence of evil in the universe that was created by an all-loving, moral God. The Church theorized that Satan worship existed, was widespread, and was a massive threat to the established order. These beliefs gave the legal and moral justification for the Witch burnings”therefore it gave the authorities power
This is how Arthur Miller used the character Abigail Williams in The Crucible to represent the devil figure; in doing so he sends the message that people can not always believe what others tell them. The devil figure is represented by Abigail Williams because she always made sure she was accusing somebody of witchcraft,
or mainly due to false accusation. The book malleus maleficarum was a notable warning concerning situations when intolerance took over a societal setting. The Malleus was used as a judicial case book used to detect, persecute people that are suspected to be possessed with witchcrafts, it specifies rules of evidence and the laws that are connected with or allowed by the Christian Church by which suspected witches were being tortured and put to death. According to the words of Innocent VIII, the bishop emphasized that it is possible for anyone accused of being
All his strategies have to do with God and getting people against him. His main tactic I believe would be him getting people not to trust their own family and friends. In stories I’ve read the Devil tells lies to people for them to be miserable basically and go against what they believe in. For example, the story I talked about before Young Goodman Brown, the Devil tries to make the character Goodman Brown believe lies he fed him. Overall in all stories, books, and movies about the Devil, his strategy is based off of God.
Miller wrote The Crucible during the time America was concerned about the rising power of Communism in the Soviet Union on the heels of World War II. Soon, people feared, communist ways would come to the United States and would quickly corrupt the government system. Senator McCarthy rose to power during this time by creating an atmosphere of fear and suspicion based on false claims of communist activity. Conventional wisdom has it that mankind has evolved so far that the idea of targeting innocents is no longer an issue; however, Senator McCarthy and targeting of innocent Muslims after 9/11 remind us that witch hunts still exists in modern times. One way The Crucible witch hunt
Is disobedience against the nation’s government needed if it means living to see another day? The Crucible by Arthur Miller portrays a society which corrupts itself through the belief of witchcraft. Witchcraft seemingly sets all the rules and standards for life and death and brings individuals against the court for their life or untimely death. Furthermore, there have been numerous individuals who go against their unjust government in order to protect a reputation, their own kind, and their beliefs. Individuals go against the government for numerous reasons, one being their own beliefs.
In Arthur Miller’s play The Crucible, Mary Warren, Abigail Williams, and Tituba, a slave, are instrumental in spreading the hysteria that resulted in the Salem Witch Trials. Throughout the play, Miller based the plot of his play on historical events and his characters show how paranoia and fear can escalate. Abigail Williams has a good sense of how to manipulate others and gain control over them. All these things add up to make her an awesome antagonist. She accuses Tituba for conjuring spirits which causes mass hysteria that blinded the people of Salem from the truth which is disregarded through the domino effect of accusations, the destruction of Salem, and death as the result.
This is also depicted in the McCarthy hearings, for accused communists were pressured to give up the other communists. In the article “Wikidot: McCarthy’s Communist Witch Hunt” by unknown, it is mentioned that “During the Red Scare, McCarthy had employees of many companies sign loyalty oaths that stated they were not a communist or sympathized with any communists and the best way to get around any further questioning was to shove the blame towards another person.” This exemplifies the fact that blame was always shifted to someone else, causing the issues to last far too
When present, fear can often be exploited for one’s personal gain. The Crucible, a play written by Arthur Miller, which exemplifies the power of fear due to the imaginary idea of witchcraft in the small village of Salem. During the time this play was written, the United States was overcome by the fear of communism, which had led to the government accusing many innocent people for ridiculous reasons. Miller uses The Crucible to show how many of the accusations in the Salem Witch Trials, a similar event, often had underlying, selfish, and personal reasons behind them. In the play Abigail Williams, and Thomas Putnam’s take advantage of the pervasive fear in the village, allowing them to fulfill their selfish and exploitative motives which are what truly fuel the Salem Witch Trials.
People were so full of fear that they would do anything to eliminate their anxiety. The McCarthy hearings of the 1950s reenacted the hysteria of the Salem witch trials of 1692 by spreading mass fear of prosecution, creating false accusations, and blacklisting people. The Salem witch trials were considered to be America 's most notorious episode of witchcraft hysteria. Many innocent people were killed as a result of false accusations, and many other women were put through trials to determine if they were witches. All of the evidence that was given, in other circumstances, would be deemed unreasonable.
Both situations spiraled out of control because of ignorance and the use mob mentality. A person who sympathized with Communists was persecuted, just as if someone tried to defend the accused witches of Salem. Parallel to the Salem Witch Trials, the McCarthy Trials accused hundreds of innocent people of being Communists without any proof. Like Salem, if the accused confessed to communism, they would be blacklisted from their community, but not jailed. Sir William Phips was the Governor of Massachusetts at the time of the salem Witch Trials, and he refused to stop the trials until one of the accusers targeted his wife.
In Salem 1692 a group of young teenage girls claimed to be possessed by the “Devil”, due to the “witchcraft” done by their female neighbors. The Salem Witch trials were a group of young teens who accused their neighbors for being witches. It is said that the teenagers were having weird and unstable behavior. They would move in ways that is explainable, and the teenagers would randomly act like wild animals( History.com). It stated that the people from Salem believed that any birthmarks, warts moles, or other blemishes were seen as possible portals which Satan (The Devil) could enter a body.