In South, torn between the economic benefits of slavery and the moral and constitutional issues raised, and white Southerners grew more and more defensive. They argued that black people were incapable of caring for themselves. They said that slavery was a benevolent institution that kept them fed, clothed, and occupied. Most Northerners did not doubt that black people being inferior to whites, but they did doubt the benevolence of slavery. The Civil War changed the future of the United States.
Even after the Emancipation Proclamation, Lincoln wanted to colonize blacks in the Southwest United States. England and France being close to joining the Confederacy and Northern casualties forced Lincoln to issue the Emancipation Proclamation. Lincoln was not happy that he had to do this saying he had “been anxious to avoid it”, that he was “driven to it”, that it was painful, and he was trembling while signing the document. The Emancipation Proclamation freed few slaves since it did not apply to slaves in the Border States and areas under federal control in the South. Lincoln freed slaves where he had no power and did nothing where he had power.
Their audience were those who agreed with emancipation, and more specifically blacks who had just been free. Clearly from the image described, those two groups didn’t see blacks as their equals and despised them. Their purpose in creating this image was to install fear in blacks to keep them from voting and believing that they are equal to those in the ex-confederacy. The kkk had been using terror tactics all throughout the Reconstruction era because they didn’t want blacks to vote or participate in their politics the kkk wanted to keep white supremacy. For a while the South had enacted black codes which replaced the slave codes.
In both essays, personal involvement plays a key role in showing credibility to the audience. Personal connection offers the audience more to believe thus following the act of defying the law. Thoreau didn’t really offer this as he was merely a spectator of Polk’s actions. He protested on his own ground without a following.His essay didn’t achieve publicity until 1863, after Thoreau’s death. Thoreau’s target of slavery was defining the very institution of the south.
Essay Revision Wendell Phillips speech was delivered during a time before equality was in existence. As people’s race played a crucial factor in society. During 1861 when the Civil War was in its beginning stages the Northerners were debating weather to allow African Americans to serve in the military. As that made sense to some since the whole point of the civil war was to abolish slavery in the South and obviously many African Americans wanted to fight for that ending goal, but others debated that using African Americans could put their army in jeopardy as they had no experience. Event though this was a conflict between abolitionist people who were strongly for abolishing slavery in the United States some Northerners were still hesitant in trusting Blacks as there was still racism.
Black churches,public schools, and universities were founded(Reconstruction DBQ). While the North began to turn their attention to national concerns the Southern Democrats gained strength(Reconstruction DBQ). In the South blacks also began becoming politicians(Reconstruction DBQ). As a result the South did not help
Even as the war proceeded, he was reluctant to make the decision because he feared that it might bring about more chaos than the current state of the United States during the Civil War. In his paper, professor Krug wrote, “Lincoln issued the Proclamation primarily from military necessity and that he was influenced little, if at all, by considerations of justice, freedom and morality”. At this point of the war, it was clear that the Union needs more manpower and constituents’ support. Furthermore, a boost in morale among the African American population was abundant in the effort to fight against the Confederate which is the motivation for President Lincoln to produce the
They say without this right people can or will be easily ignored or the worst part abused by their own government and this is what exactly happened to African American citizens that were left living in the South following Civil War Reconstruction Era. Clearly despite the Fourteenth and the Fifteenth amendments that guaranteed the civil rights of African Americans to their right to vote was thoroughly taken away from them by white racist state governments. If a African American citizen was even attempting to exercise his or her right to vote they would often be threatened with losing their job, threats of being abused and actually being verbally abused from a white’s and the white voting clerks which also helped prevented black Southerners from voting out of fear. For those who were not afraid to lose their job or other things all other things that racist white did to them failed, it lead to maybe mob violence and even lynching among other things ended up keeping blacks people away from the voting ballot boxes. Since they did not have the power of the ballot the African Americans in the South had little to no type of influence in their communities.
Hugh didn 't want Douglass to be educated because he thought Douglass would become unmanageable and unfit to become a slave if he enters the world of literacy. What would happen if slaves are revealed to education? Why are slaveholders so big on not teaching slaves how to read and write? You start to raise questions and curiosity on finding out the answer. Frederick recalled “I now understood what had been to me a most perplexing difficulty to wit, the white man’s power
This was to weaken the southern states; except, the confederate states did not obey. This proclamation also stated northern slaves would not be freed because Lincoln did not have the necessary power to do so. However, the North had many goals for Reconstruction as well. Except, the one overall goal of
After the awareness of the slaves’ capabilities and the living in communities with slaves, white people in the North that still supported slavery changed their stance after seeing first hand that black people, not just the few free blacks, were similar to everyone else. After the Underground Railroad, moral code came into question, and with the Constitution demanding all people be equal, the people in the North could no longer bear to uphold slavery. The Underground Railroad was risky and dangerous, but it furthered racial equality by creating a coalition against slavery and by freeing African
This movement opposed the notion of making government larger and handing over rights to blacks that were supposedly hard earned by other citizens (403). Richardson argues that while the government was obliged to provide blacks political equality, “social” equality needed to be earned; social equality was considered the standing an individual achieved through merit and hard work. Although blacks accepted this, those that had prospered to the “better classes” still found that discrimination was still wanton. To battle these discriminations, blacks called for protective legislation (418). This legislation came in the way of the Civil Rights Act of 1875.
The north wanted to to abolish slavery they felt like it was wrong although the argument the south had was the north didn’t need to worry about slaves due to the profit they were making off factories and manufacturing. Slavery was the backbone of the South’s economy. Although, money wasn’t the only reason whites restricted blacks for equal opportunities. Enforcing Jim Crow laws and Black codes simply was a result of hate and animosity most whites in the south had towards blacks.
The Radical Republicans opposed Lincoln 's plan, as they thought it too lenient toward the South. Radical Republicans believed that Lincoln 's plan for Reconstruction was not harsh enough because, from their point of view, the South was guilty of starting the war and the South deserved to be punished for starting the war. Radical Republicans hoped to control the Reconstruction process, transform southern society, disband the planter aristocracy, redistribute land, develop industry, and guarantee civil liberties for former slaves. Although the Radical Republicans were the minority party in Congress, they managed to sway many moderates in the postwar years and came to dominate Congress in later sessions. In the summer of 1864, the Radical Republicans passed a new bill to counter the plan, known as the Wade–Davis Bill.
Up in the North, there are a few people that afraid of the African Americans, and what they would do. But over time, they are growing to like them and feel comfortable around them. Most people in the North though are excited for the newly freed people, and they are celebrating with them. But down South, it is completely different story. A group called the Ku Klux Klan was formed, the members of the KKK waged an underground campaign of intimidation and violence directed towards white and black Republican leaders.