Although slavery was declared over after the passing of the thirteenth amendment, African Americans were not being treated with the respect or equality they deserved. Socially, politically and economically, African American people were not being given equal opportunities as white people. They had certain laws directed at them, which held them back from being equal to their white peers. They also had certain requirements, making it difficult for many African Americans to participate in the opportunity to vote for government leaders. Although they were freed from slavery, there was still a long way to go for equality through America’s reconstruction plan.
The rebuilding of the south after the civil war was called the reconstruction. It lasted for 12 years. During that time, southern economic has dropped drastically and slaves in the south had to wandered in the streets. The purpose of reconstruction was to get the states who seceded back to the union, rebuild south and also ensure black rights and protection.Even though most people were unhappy with the south and wanted them punished, others wanted to rebuild. However, President Lincoln wanted to be tolerant to the south by making the laws easier for them to reunite back with the union.
From this letter you can see Tourgees clear use of the word “another” meaning that other Republican men were targeted and killed by the KKK all because they fought to have the South follow the same rules as the North. It was as though the KKK felt personally battered so they enjoyed doing to same to men that caused such emotions. Politics within the white community was not the only issue. As mentioned before African Americans did not get the political freedom that was actually granted to them not only because of their race and low standing but they were “ ‘unfitted for the proper exercise of political duties… blacks needed a period of probation and instruction’ “ (Document D). The idea of them being an unfit race who was in need of probation and instruction seemed to more closely relate to white Klansmen of the South.
This was one of the biggest attempts to help out and better lives of Freedmen during reconstruction, and it was successful. Conclusively, The Reconstruction Era was a constructive time for Freedmen. Government officials implemented many amendments and laws to help them out, and most of them did work. Not only were they released from slavery, but given citizenship and rights only white men had at the time. They even enforced a whole system just to give Freedmen their basic needs after slaver.
With the rise of white supremacist groups and the KKK (Ku Klux Klan) the persecution of black Americans increased as their freedom was seen as a threat to white Americans. When ex-slaves would try to flee plantations and set up their own farms, they would be lynched or murdered. In 1867, a former slave owner in Tennessee said that they continued to whip, maim and kill black Americans as if slavery still existed. The amendments and acts did not make the perception of black Americans change, by law they were regarded as equal individuals who deserved equal treatment everywhere, but in society they were still regarded as inferior and animalistic, and laws and legislation in southern states were set up to continue that ideology. The ‘Plessy vs. Ferguson’ Supreme Court case approved the ‘separate but equal’ legal segregation.
The civil rights movement was a protest that took place across the majority of southern states in the United States protesting the discrimination of blacks. Blacks were treated with much less respect than whites post-Civil War and they finally determined a change. The road ahead of them was a very difficult one if they were expecting any change to happen. Much controversy was caused and hundreds of protest, riots, and sit-ins occurred. There are many familiar names associated with the civil rights movement such as Martin Luther King Jr., Rosa Parks, and Malcolm X.
Putting politics and the huge amount of slaves together it is obvious that it effected the political decisions in the state. When it comes to voting for the presidential elections, South Carolina was quite “Southern” since black people were not allowed to vote. This got criticized by the South Carolina delegates who were still in the opinion that black people of the people in general should not be allowed to vote and speak freely about those kinds of topics. When it comes to relations with other states it is noticeable that those have changed through time for South Carolina, since they left the Union, which is the more the northern states (Opposition is the Confederacy). South Carolina was not agreeing with the plans Abraham Lincoln would bring up, such things as equality and civil right for African American citizen were not in mind and South Carolina was strongly opposing that.
The Reconstruction was a period of rebuilding relationships between the North and the South in the U.S. It was a significant period for ex-slaves (freedpeople) to seek a better life in the U.S. and one of the significant eras in the U.S. history that historians have been debating. After the end of the Civil War, about four million ex-slaves gained their freedom from the institution of slavery. But most ex-slaves struggled with the meaning of inequality and freedom during the Reconstruction. Historians have been debating about the evaluation of the Reconstruction.
In the 19th century, slavery and the Reconstruction was a sore subject for the South. Reconstruction forged civil rights for African-Americans, but once the North’s influenced waned in the South, the South terrorized African-Americans and blocked them from accessing their newfound rights. While Reconstruction may have brought civil rights, those rights were quickly squashed by the South’s racism. Even after certain freedoms were securely gained, every new attempt to make African-Americans equal to the white populace was contested. A large group of people were happy to see slavery ended and civil rights rise.