Reconstruction in 1865 through 1877 was terminated by Southern men due to their lack of acceptance of African Americans in restricting their political rights, not following the North’s precedence of equality, and the assassination of many a men by their ever so popular Klan. Reformation began after the Civil War which was fought over sectional differences and heavy slavery in the South. Southerns had always been pro slavery which contributed to their low treatment of African Americans as a whole. Once the South lost the War they could no longer legally enslave African Americans, but that did not change their persona in the eyes of the rich white men. Equality was a concept for white men according to the South, especially considering that
With the rise of white supremacist groups and the KKK (Ku Klux Klan) the persecution of black Americans increased as their freedom was seen as a threat to white Americans. When ex-slaves would try to flee plantations and set up their own farms, they would be lynched or murdered. In 1867, a former slave owner in Tennessee said that they continued to whip, maim and kill black Americans as if slavery still existed. The amendments and acts did not make the perception of black Americans change, by law they were regarded as equal individuals who deserved equal treatment everywhere, but in society they were still regarded as inferior and animalistic, and laws and legislation in southern states were set up to continue that ideology. The ‘Plessy vs. Ferguson’ Supreme Court case approved the ‘separate but equal’ legal segregation.
The North ended the Reconstruction because they were too busy to look after the South, they were racist to African Americans, and they removed soldiers from Southern states. America was well into the Reconstruction and the nation was happy. The election of 1876 ruined the dreams of over 3 million African Americans. The winner of the election of 1876 was Rutherford B. Hayes. President Hayes was a member of the Democratic party, but actually did not win the election until later.
Amongst the Civil War, General Patrick Cleburne had mentioned how, “slavery, from being one of our chief sources of strength," had evolved into "one of our chief sources of weakness" (Bodenner). When the Emancipation Proclamation was released, all the slaves were freed leaving the white men to do the work for themselves (Holzer). This changed the course of the war because the white men were no longer free to fight in the war because they had to do their own work (Holzer). This meant that the Southern army no longer had many soldiers. It also meant that the North now had many more soldiers, who were also former slaves (Holzer).
However, the very fact that X was ready to use these violent methods in order to gain civil rights, contrasting to King who never was going to use these methods, makes X that much more radical than King. As for who had more of an impact, the main reason King was more salient was because he spoke to both white and black communities and they both responded whether positively or negatively while, X only spoke to the black community and showed no love toward his white counterparts effectively making most people in the white community less responsive to him. Nevertheless, these two leaders were extremely influential in triumph that was the Civil Rights
White people in the south were resistant to the advances of black people and minorities. It was clear that the federal government was trying to stand for racial inequalities. In 1948 black people were allowed to serve in the military and fight for their country. Before that they were required to only cleaning, cooking and simply working for the white people. The black civil rights activist were met with hostility and sometimes beaten or killed.
White politicians, many of whom were former yeoman, were the biggest supporters of white superiority and a continuation of slavery. This was due to their failed plans “to translate successes here into social or economic gains”. Many years later, after Reconstruction, the Redeemers, who were Southern capitalist Whigs, pushed hard for industry and left black and white farmers behind. This gave rise to the Populist movement, which included both whites and blacks. Both sides put aside racial differences in order to improve their condition.
This video was all about exposing white privilege in our society today and how and why white people are still blind to it, as they have been throughout history. Systematic racism started near the beginning of our society, when poor white people and poor black people banded together to fight for justice against the elite white people, but the elite whites weren’t about to have that, so they told the poor white people that they had more in common with them, the elite whites, than their poor black peers, even though that was a complete lie. But that lie still permeates our society today. However, today that racism is less on an individual basis and more on a systematic basis, where everything from housing to healthcare to law enforcement is racist. And white people don’t see it because that racism benefits us; we sometimes see that people of color are downtrodden in our
They say without this right people can or will be easily ignored or the worst part abused by their own government and this is what exactly happened to African American citizens that were left living in the South following Civil War Reconstruction Era. Clearly despite the Fourteenth and the Fifteenth amendments that guaranteed the civil rights of African Americans to their right to vote was thoroughly taken away from them by white racist state governments. If a African American citizen was even attempting to exercise his or her right to vote they would often be threatened with losing their job, threats of being abused and actually being verbally abused from a white’s and the white voting clerks which also helped prevented black Southerners from voting out of fear. For those who were not afraid to lose their job or other things all other things that racist white did to them failed, it lead to maybe mob violence and even lynching among other things ended up keeping blacks people away from the voting ballot boxes. Since they did not have the power of the ballot the African Americans in the South had little to no type of influence in their communities.
They also had the right to run for local political offices, while this was a tremendous stepping stone for black rights, those blacks that ran for office never were elected because blacks did not have the right to vote, and no white man would vote for a black in this time period. This amendment helped blacks economically because they could now sue whites for cheating them thanks to due process; however, as previously stated, most times if a black and a white were against each other in a trial, the white man would have the victory due to the prejudices of that time. Socially blacks were forbidden to serve on a jury thanks to the Black Codes being passed under Andrew Johnson’s racist presidency. The fourteenth amendment allowed blacks more freedom in the eyes of the government, but in local settings this tenement was not practiced fully, most of
This came to back fire on him because he was from Tennessee but because he elected to help the North during the Civil War the southern state representitives didn’t support him at all. The rest of Congress started not to later in his tenure and he became the first president to have a veto overridden on him with ⅔ vote from Congress. Also there were two really bloody riots in the south that involved slavery, putting a bad stamp on Johnson. Congress put several laws on the President that would get him impeached if he violated any of them and when he violated the Tenure of Office Act he became the first president to get impeached. Because he had to work with radical Republicans in Congress Johnson never got his way when it came to trying to help the country improve from the Civil
The segregation of the northern and southern states subdued the United States from growing in to the nation we see today. African Americans of the south were subject to the brutal white supremacy that was accepted by the white citizens, so change was a futile notion. Many regions in the Deep South were not fixed on allowing African Americans equal rights in any way possible. These states expressed their beliefs through the enactment of Jim Crow Laws throughout the region. Unlike its counterparts of the Antebellum South, Pensacola, Florida became desegregated in a way unlike many of those states in the 20th century.
Politically, the South believed that they didn’t have enough power in the government with the Northwest Ordinance, Missouri Compromise, and California statehood. Calhoun claimed that the “many aggressions against the South had destroyed the equilibrium.” The South also believed in the infringement of states’ rights, as Robert Rhett put it, “as an agent of the states, the federal government could not discriminate against the citizens of any state.” They believed that the government had no right to ban slavery anywhere. The American colonists experienced a more extreme version of lack of political rights and power. As they said, “no taxation without representation,” the British Parliament imposed taxes and other unfair acts on the colonists without any consent. Moreover, the South thought that they suffered economically from the Union.
In September 1901 Theodore Roosevelt became president when William McKinley was assassinated. He thought that the presidency was basically a “bully pulpit”. Roosevelt was “a steward of the people bound actively and affirmatively to all he could for the people” (Divine 2013, p. 546). Roosevelt tried to bridge the gap between the African Americans and the whites but most southerners believed that what he was trying to do was a crime that was equal to treason. Eventually Roosevelt backed down.