The Civil War between the Northern Union and the Southern Confederacy is a well-known event in United States history. Many remember it as a war of slavery. Some remember it as a war of states ' rights. A few only know it for Abraham Lincoln 's shining moments. What everyone knows is the North reigned victorious over the seceded South. But what happened when the Union tried to reign the rebellious states back into the country? Did the plans for Reconstruction actually re-unite the United States? The nation after the Civil War and Reconstruction was only united legally. The nation was still split on many political and social views, such as the south 's slow adjustment to the aftermath of slavery and current race relations, Congressional and presidential plans for Reconstruction, and political turmoil within parties and the nation. …show more content…
Slavery is often seen as the key element of the Civil War, though the war did begin as a war for emancipation. The idea that slaves were freed and immediately lived glorious lives in meadows of equality was but a dream of the chained. In fact, the amendments that were supposed to grant them some rights, specifically the 13th, which outlawed slavery, were overshadowed with the South 's imposed Black Codes. The purpose of the Black Codes was to inhibit the freedom of newly freed slaves and force them back into labor conditions much like slavery. Congress retaliated with the 14th, and later the 15th, amendments, which granted African-Americans the right to vote, and prevented discrimination of race or former status as a
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Reconstruction Plans Portfolio Project The American Civil War was fought in the United States by the Union, made up of states loyal to the North, and the Confederacy, made up of states loyal to the South. These regions disagreed about the legality/morality of slavery, state and federal rights, and other policies; this caused the South to secede from the North. The American Civil War started in 1861 and ended in 1865 until the Confederacy surrendered.
In the aftermath of the civil war with the union the victors political change was inevitable. The north had just won a war fought over the issue of slavery and to not address the issue permanently after their victory would be a failure on their part. Despite heated tensions and many in the south opposed to any final resolution on the subject of slavery that did rule in their favor Abraham Lincoln and his allies were able to garner enough support in congress to pass the 13th,14th, and 15th amendments. These 3 amendments clarified finally the rights established in the constitution applied to African Americans just as much as those of European descent.
The Civil War allowed the United States to make the changes necessary to unify the country. In addition, it began one of the most transitional periods in the United States’ history. This period, the Reconstruction, brought about many political, social, and economic changes, which were both beneficial and disagreeable. The 13th, 14th, and 15th Amendments, the Panic of 1873, and the formation of the Ku Klux Klan are just a few examples of heavily impacting events for the United States. During the Reconstruction period there were numerous political transformations in the country.
The Civil War settled the fate of slavery. The victory of the Union assured the freedom of enslaved African Americans. “The 13th, 14th, and 15th Amendments to the Constitution granted freedom, citizenship, and equal protection of the law to all born in the United States, and declared that the right to vote could not be denied because of race or color. In effect, these amendments grafted the Declaration of Independence onto the
"Whenever I hear anyone arguing for slavery, I feel a strong impulse to see it tried on him personally" (Abraham Lincoln). The American Civil War was a war between the Northern (Union) and Southern (Confederates) parts of the United States. The war was a fight for slavery, the South pro-slavery, and the North against slavery. Most people know that the Union had succeeded in their battle with the Confederates which explains why slavery has ceased to exist in the United States, but do they know how and why the Union had triumphed over the Confederates? Even though the Confederates had a much greater area of land making it hard to invade, the north won the civil war because of the sheer number of resources, weapons, and men that they had.
America has gone through their fair share of political changes, but the reconstruction era was one of the more difficult of these changes. The Civil War was over and the U.S. had to somehow reintegrate the country and inforce new laws, while figuring out how to deal with the four million newly freed slaves. The reconstruction era was the time when the United States was trying to put itself back together as a stronger more united nation. While eventually many politicians gave up and moved on to other problems, the era did see many achievements as well as
The Civil War was a turning point in American history that made many different viewpoints between the North and the South. The Civil War was fought over the issue of slavery and state’s rights. Since the Civil War lasted about four years, there were many conclusions and points of view. The North and the South both had their goals, advantages, issues, blames, and battles. In just one day you will learn about the similarities and differences between the North and South during the Civil War and political factors that shaped these two regions and their respective roles in the conflicts.
Sources Analysis Freedom During the Reconstruction era, the idea of freedom could have many different meanings. Everyday factors that we don't often think about today such as the color of our skin, where we were born, and whether or not we own land determined what limitations were placed on the ability to live our life to the fullest. To dig deeper into what freedom meant for different individuals during this time period, I analyzed three primary sources written by those who experienced this first hand. These included “Excerpts from The Black Codes of Mississippi” (1865), “Jourdan Anderson to his old master” (1865), and “Testimony on the Ku Klux Klan in Congressional Hearing” (1872).
Reconstruction was a period of time dedicated to rebuilding the nation after the Civil War. The war ended with the South being defeated and their economy being devastated. Many Southerners struggled after the war with rebuilding their land and lives. The President and Congress had to decide the terms for which the former Confederate states would be permitted to join the Union. President Lincoln’s plan for reuniting the country was found in the Proclamation of Amnesty and Reconstruction.
The Reconstruction period lasted from 1865 to 1877. The thirteenth, fourteenth and fifteenth amendment were created during the twelve years of rebuilding the country. All of the amendments were made to protect former slaves and their rights but on paper they did not have any rights. The reconstruction period had its successes and failures.
24 November 2015 The Real Death of Reconstruction There is no easy way to decide who can be held accountable for the end of the Reconstruction Era. Attempts to rebuild the South ceased to exist in 1877, just over ten years after the Confederacy surrendered to Ulysses S. Grant in Appomattox Court House, Virginia. It seemed as though everything was on the right track in 1876, the one hundred year anniversary of The United States. That was, however, until the South waged conflict against black and white citizens of The United States.
Although slavery had been outlawed by the Thirteenth Amendment, it continued in many southern states. In an effort to get around laws passed by Congress, southern states created black codes, which were discriminatory state laws which aimed to keep white supremacy in place. While the codes granted certain freedoms to African Americans, their primary purpose was to fulfill an important economic need in the postwar South. To maintain agricultural production, the South had relied on slaves to work the land. Black codes were restrictive laws designed to limit the freedom of African Americans and ensure their ties to the land.
Reconstruction a Failure or Success? Throughout the years, America has gone through many different political changes. Many presidents selected with different plans for our future. Sadly, many of those objectives have failed or came to an end.
The American civil war led to the reunion of the South and the North. But, its consequences led the Republicans to take the lead of reconstructing what the war had destroyed especially in the South because it contained larger numbers of newly freed slaves. Just after the civil war, America entered into what was called as the reconstruction era. Reconstruction refers to when “the federal government established the terms on which rebellious Southern states would be integrated back into the Union” (Watts 246). As a further matter, it also meant “the process of helping the 4 million freed slaves after the civil war [to] make the transition to freedom” (DeFord and Schwarz 96).
In February 1861, a new government was on the horizon in the United States, known as the Confederate States of America. Composed of seven states from the South, this new government looked to separate from a union that they felt was tipping in power towards those who wanted to threaten the rights of the South, especially slavery. Similarly, in early 1775, colonists were preparing for revolution against a power that they felt oppressed their rights and wanted to take away their liberties. However, the Civil War was a not a complete representation of a second American Revolution. The Civil War was more than an unsatisfied party rebelling against a larger power, but a clash between two vastly different ways of life.