Maximilien Robespierre was executed on July 28, 1794. Robespierre has appeared to be inebriated with the control over life and demise. Numerous individuals in the Revolutionary government scrutinized Robespierre 's thought processes as the nation was not under risk by any outsiders. On July 27, 1794, Robespierre and a large portion of his associates were captured and taken to jail. He found himself able to escape with the guide of a thoughtful prison guard and covered up in the City Hall in Paris.
The Reign of Terror In September 1793 to July 1794, the Reign of Terror killed over 40,000 people in France using the guillotine a machine that made it a simple way to execute a mass amount of people. The Reign of Terror was led by no other than , Robespierre. He was trying to form a new government but instead caused thousands of people to be massacred. Ultimately, The Reign of Terror in France was not justified because the threats did not require it, the methods were too extreme and It did not support the ideals of the revolution.
How freedom of the theater promised to be a major extension of liberty Early on in the French Revolution, in his memoir on press freedom submitted to the Estates-General in June 1789, Jean-Pierre Brissot (1754–93), later a prominent revolutionary leader, proclaimed liberty of the press “un droit naturel à l’homme.” Loathed by Maximilien Robespierre, Brissot, together with his political allies, was later guillotined in October 1793 by the Montagne, the political faction that organized the Terror of 1793–94. During 1789 and throughout the period down to the coup that brought the Montagne to power in June 1793, no one publicized the demand for full freedom of expression more vigorously than Brissot. He also raised the issue of liberty from theater censorship, something which at that time existed nowhere in Europe, or indeed anywhere else,
The French Revolution started as a push for equality, and, though it lead to the death of many and changed the way people around the world thought about France as well as themselves, it eventually brought the change the French people wished to see. I think that while the revolution was not a complete success, it definitely brought many of the changes that the people of France wished for. The painting Lady Liberty Leading the Troops depicts the bloodier stage of the revolution under the rule of the National Convention. As the title suggests, a bare-breasted woman lifting the tricolour flag of France and holding a gun is leading a group of men over piles of the bodies of the deceased.
The French Revolution was an unsuccessful revolution. First, the Reign of Terror hugely contributed to how the revolution was unsuccessful. Specifically, countless number of people died for no reason. Second, unique individuals and groups that helped shape France weren’t a satisfactory for the people. Third, the revolution started with monarchy and ended with monarchy; there were no changes in the form of government.
Do the ends justify the mean? If you were an American soldier ready to be deployed for a massive land invasion of Japan, the atomic bombs saved your life. World War II ended when the United States dropped the atomic bombs and saved thousands of American lives. The French Revolution faced a similar dilemma. The rallying cry for the revolution was equality, liberty, and fraternity, bringing the first democracy to France.
The enlightenment was an intellectual movement resulting from scientific advances, and it applies critical thought and reasoning to everything, including political systems and its relationship to religion, particularly Christianity. During the enlightenment, ideas were spread and shared more easily due to an increased literacy of the people and because of the invention of the printing press, making it easier to make and distribute newspapers, thus information, to the people. One of the leading personalities during the enlightenment was a man named Voltaire, he was a judge, and was critical of the French government and its absolutism. One of his publications was called “Letters Concerning the English Nation”. He states that the “Social Contract”,
The spread of ideas of democracy and nationalism were very important for the French Revolution to take place. There were 5 main causes and it happened in different stages. The population of Europe in the end of 1700 was divided into a very wealthy minority of about 3% and a poor majority of about 97%. The rich people did not care very much about the poor. This inequality created a lot of discontentment in the population while the clergy and nobles lived enjoying their wealth.
John Calvin was a French Protest Reformer, who was born in the year of 1509 in the country France . He was born to Gérard Cauvin and Jeanne le Franc. Calvin was raised in a religious church and later became a Pastor . However, in the year of 1530, he broke away from the Roman Catholic Church . The influential Christian works he wrote, supported the Protestant Reformation .
1. There were basic social and economic changes that were happening. There were also political crises that broke down the state authority. Another factor was the effect of political ideas from the enlightenment on people. Originally, people during the enlightenment were very cautious about changing the way politics had been but it gave people confidence.