Role Of African American Education In The Late 19th And Early 20th Century

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During the 19th and early 20th centuries, the United States underwent significant changes in terms of educational opportunities for marginalized groups. This period saw a major shift in societal norms and beliefs, as girls and women, African-Americans, and American Indians were granted access to education that was previously unavailable to them. In this paper, we will focus on the educational opportunities provided to girls and women, as well as African-Americans, and discuss how these opportunities were consistent with progressive educational ideals.
In the early 19th century, girls and women had limited access to education due to societal norms and beliefs that reinforced the idea that women were intellectually inferior to men. However, by …show more content…

One of the most important figures in this movement was Booker T. Washington, who founded the Tuskegee Institute in Alabama in 1881. The Tuskegee Institute was a vocational school that emphasized practical skills and job training, such as agriculture and carpentry. The school was designed to provide African-Americans with the skills they needed to succeed in the workforce and to help them achieve economic independence. The school was also unique in that it was run entirely by African-Americans and provided students with a sense of community and empowerment.
Another important institution for African-American education was the historically black college and University (HBCU). These institutions were founded during the late 19th and early 20th centuries and provided African-Americans with access to higher education that was previously unavailable to them. The HBCUs offered a range of degree programs, including liberal arts, sciences, and professional fields, and helped to train generations of African-American leaders and …show more content…

This movement was led by educators such as Dr. Carlos Montezuma, who believed that education should be tailored to the unique cultural and linguistic needs of American Indians. Montezuma founded the Society of American Indians in 1911, which advocated for the preservation of Native American culture and language in education.
The federal government also began to shift towards a more culturally sensitive approach to education for American Indians during this period. In 1934, the Indian Reorganization Act (IRA) was passed, which recognized the value of Native American culture and language and sought to promote self-determination for Native American communities. This act provided funding for the establishment of tribal colleges and universities, which offered degree programs tailored to the needs of Native American

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