The first reason to why they were free is from Document B, which states that there were Black Codes in the South that were limiting their freedom by limiting where they can go and by limiting their protection. This doesn’t support freedom, because it’s restricting them from doing what they want to do and are forcing them to do something else. Another reason is from the hurtful things that have been seen by Henry Adams. The second reason to why they are not free is from Document C, which state the hurtful and abusive things that the blacks still are going through even though they are free. The whites are still abusing their superior power against the blacks.
Although many attempts were made to prioritize freedom and equality for all, these values were undermined by racist Southerners who wouldn’t accept equality. In the end, Reconstruction had failed and former slaves endured another hardship akin to slavery. However, Reconstruction still could have prospered. There are multiple events that, if they had occurred, Reconstruction would not have failed. For example, had the government continued to fund the Freedmen’s Bureau, then the South would have legislated their discriminatory laws much later, if not at all.
Due to the fact that mistreating African Americans was still a normality post-Civil War and during Reconstruction, the KKK, a group founded on racism, came to be. All of the aforementioned negative aspects of Reconstruction far outweigh any positives, and counteract the meaning of Reconstruction itself; the destruction that occurred is plaguing our nation to this day. It is time for the nation in its entirety to acknowledge the destruction that happened in place of reconstruction, so that we can once and for all move on, and forge forward on a path of actual
Although slavery was declared over after the passing of the thirteenth amendment, African Americans were not being treated with the respect or equality they deserved. Socially, politically and economically, African American people were not being given equal opportunities as white people. They had certain laws directed at them, which held them back from being equal to their white peers. They also had certain requirements, making it difficult for many African Americans to participate in the opportunity to vote for government leaders. Although they were freed from slavery, there was still a long way to go for equality through America’s reconstruction plan.
I guess when you ask the question, was the Reconstruction a success or a failure? It all depends how you look at it. Laws that were set up weren’t always followed correctly, but laws were still being set up to protect African Americans rights. It must have been a success because now today, they are known as citizens and have the right to vote. But then again, the rise of the Klu Klux Klan and other white supremacy groups, in combination with the Black Codes, began to intimidate freed slaves and push back their civil liberties.
Because of this, the only ruling in the Constitution that dealt with slavery was the Fugitive Clause which enforced Free states to help recapture runaway slaves who had escaped their masters' states. However, that only further benefited Slave states. Slavery was disputed again when Northern states wanted the government to have complete power over trade with the other nations. Southern states depended heavily on trade and feared that the North would get enough votes to interfere with their slave and agricultural
Undoubtedly, the Union’s victory also brought resolution to many social problems. Since slaves were now free, they needed the same rights as other citizens, which the government gave them. African American citizens petitioned the Tennessee legislation to grant them equal rights, and showed how important this cause was to the black community. The federal government set up agencies like the Freedmen’s Bureau to help new Freedmen, or newly freed slaves. In addition, once slaves were freed, states questioned the federal government’s authority in creating civil rights or giving freed blacks the
On the surface, this part of the novel is only a display of a child--Tom--wanting to have some dumb fun with a person he doesn’t perceive as human. This section is much deeper than an average reader may realize, however. Tom represents an American participating in the establishment of pseudo-slavery. With the banning of slavery in the United States, many Americans aided the passing of laws placing freedmen in a slavery-like place in society. These laws allowed businesses to dock the pay of black workers under 18 years of age, and kept black workers in contracts, forcing them to work at that job they could not legally leave.
Moral reasons combined with the material reasons, which contributed of the scarcity of slavery in the North. The main moral cause in the North was that the white population did not want to be outnumbered and overly influenced by the black slave population (Pg. 329). Therefore, it is “not in the interest of Negros, but of whites” that slavery was rare in the North. Even in states where slavery was abolished, the white population oppressed the black population in order to maintain white superiority.
The south treated African Americans with denigration and humiliation. During this era, African Americans were hardly ever taken seriously when it comes to being sophisticated and they were expected to have more ignorance than knowledge. The time was right for new African American leaderships who can gain the respect from the strict white supremacist government. Booker T. Washington knew he had the qualifications just like the other African American leaders to speak out on important topics towards African Americans. People thought that if they collaborated with whites in working industries the south wouldn’t be very productive.