If the English settlers were able to gain aid from other tribes, the dependence on Powhatan would be undermined. Without dependence on Powhatan, English settlers would no longer feel the need to trade weapons with Powhatan. As Charles A. Grymes has stated: “From Powhatan's point of view, the English were too hard to control. They kept trying to contact other tribes, evading Powhatan's schemes to steer all trade through him” (“The First Anglo-Powhatan War (1609-13)”). Powhatan saw this as an enormous threat and took great measures to stop them from expanding.
Consequently, many Native Americans began to negatively view Europeans and many would view them as inferior. Another way the Europeans impacted the Native Americans was by forcing them into slavery. The Spanish would practically enslave Native Americans through various systems, such as the encomienda, repartimiento, and mita. Usually, the Native Americans could not handle the arduous workload and many would die as a result. Conquest and forced labor caused the native population to significantly decline.
Such peace, however, did not last long: Axtell finishes his essay by mentioning the prophets that appeared among the natives and tried to persuade them to fight the whites’ domination and to return to their old ways. Unfortunately, such way did not bring the locals freedom but worsened their situation with the newcomers. The Natives became outcasts and started drinking excessively. By this Axtell ultimately claims that they influenced their own history as much as the whites
The Whites benefited from it by gaining more land but was also a consequence because the Indians still, hunted and raided on the territory. The reason the Indians didn’t abide by the treaty was the fact that they thought that the land couldn’t be owned. They thought the treaty was nonsense but signed anyway it to get free food. The next year President Abraham Lincoln signed the Homestead Act of 1862. The Homestead Act promoted westward expansion and further displaced Indians.
Stannard addresses this as the “‘invisible’ population loss,” because the settlers would have had no idea that these people had even died, since they hadn’t even reached that specific land yet [Stannard 268]. Furthermore, before the Spanish reached the pueblos in the southwest, the pueblo population could have been depleted due to epidemics [Upham 227-228]. The invisible population loss is what is still widely debated today as there is no way for researchers to know for sure exactly how many natives died. Nonetheless, Upham and Stannard both supply compelling evidence suggesting that this did happen, which severely depleted the populations prior to contact with Europeans in the New
As Anglo Americans moved to Texas, many native born Mexican Texans would be removed from their land and face discrimination. Slowly, the natives of Texas became outsiders in their own land. Juan Seguin himself face Anglo opposition. After the republic Republic of Texas was formed, Juan Seguín was the only Spanish speaking senator. He was driven out of his own land because of untrue accusations from Anglos that he was still loyal to the Mexican government.
Back in the 1400s, if you weren’t a Christian, it meant you were against them. So when Pizarro saw Atahualpa`s reject the holy book and throw it to the ground, Pizarro used that as the reason to start the attack because that meant they rejected Christianity and Pizarro did not like that. You only had one choice, Christianity or Death. In the Incan Empire, the Spanish destroyed a culture because they rejected Christianity and to save himself from death, the ruler gave them all the gold and silver from his land. The ruler had later refused to convert to Christianity completely and the Spanish killed him for this.
They were forced to leave their homes to move somewhere they did not know about. Also how badly they were treated and the war against one another unlike the Jews the Native Americans were not put in death camps but they were placed somewhere they had no idea about that area so in rebellion of not accepting this forced change the Native Americans decided to fight back against the Americans to get their ways and land back to the way it was before. During the war against Americans the Native Americans did lose a lot of lived like mother’s, children, men, women, people just in general who had loved one same as the
It showed how different the Europeans where from the Natives and how they they all had different opinions on the Natives. Columbus thought the Indians were gullible and lost people who could be persuaded into doing anything, like changing to Christianity. Sepúlveda thought the Indians were down right Barbarians who enjoyed ripping out human hearts and sacrificing them to God. On the other hand, Las Casas saw talent in the Native Americans and saw they weren't a stupid as they seemed. We wouldn't have this information if explorers like Columbus didn't write journey and books of their experience.
In Spanish America, they were not only kicked off their land, but they were forced to be slaves with graphic punishments if they disobeyed, and forced to give up their traditions for Spanish ones. In New England, they were kicked off their land, and in events such as Bacon’s Rebellion, they were killed just because they took up land that could have been used by English settlers. Along with all this, 90% were killed off by disease because they weren’t immune to small pox and other diseases carried around by the Europeans. If European cultures where so much better than the Native Americans, why would it enslave, sicken, take over land, kill, and force one to give up ones own culture? It’s not.
Las Casas was finally convinced that all the actions of the Spanish in the New World had been illegal and that they constituted a great injustice. He made up his mind to give up his slaves and encomienda, and started to preach that other colonists should do the same. When his preaching met with resistance, he realized that he would have to go to Spain to fight there against the enslavement and abuse of the native people. Aided by Pedro de Córdoba and accompanied by Antonio de Montesinos, he left for Spain in September 1515, arriving in Seville in November same year. Las Casas`s work provoked heated debate in Spain and initiated reforms designed to bring greater “love and moderation” to Spanish-Indians relationships.
For this reason, I would not consider Columbus a hero. I agree that his accidental discovery ultimately led to the massacre of countless Natives. Although, he might be considered a hero for 'discovering ' the New World. However, there were several who came before him and inhabited the land, such as the Natives. Thus, the impossibility of discovering something that had already been in place.
Europeans had travelled to the Americas with intentions of finding gold as well as convert the inhabitants to Christianity. Many Native Americans were not given a choice and were forced to convert to the new religion and give up their traditional beliefs which created many tensions between the Old and New World.John Mair“argued that some people were by nature slaves, and some by nature free (Watson 446).” Because the Native Americans were a less developed civilization, they lacked the power to protest the European invasion and were forced into slavery which further weakened their already existing society as they had to focus on simply surviving against the foreign invaders. But not all shared the view of Native Americans as backwards and uncivilized. “Using Aristotle as his guide, Las Casas examined the Indian from the physical and the moral standpoint, which marks his essay as perhaps the first exercise in comparative cultural anthropology.” He compared the political, social, and religious arrangements of European cultures with those of Native American tribes and determined that although they were different, they were not inferior. “He paid proper due to the quality of Aztec, Inca and Mayan art and observed their ability to assimilate European ideas and practices that they found
In the end the war caused hundreds of Indians and colonist deaths and towns and villages destroyed. One of the worst attacks was Bacon 's rebellion. About a thousand Virginians broke out of control in 1676 led by Nathaniel Bacon. They resented Berkeley 's friendly policies toward indians (Document B). Chaos swept over the Indians and the rebellion.
There were very few Native Americans and they were being killed off because they were living on land that supposedly needed to be built on. In Touring Indian Country it describes the fear of Native Americans that many had when traveling west, but was not actually the case because there were very few tribes with a meager population. The Touring Indian Country exemplifies people’s fear of Native Americans and the lengths people took to destroy or stay away from Native Americans. The Native Americans population was dwindling because of the diseases that were spread by the Europeans, and because of the advanced technology of Europeans in which gave them guns instead of bows and arrows. The Indian Removal Act also supports this idea because it removed around 50,000 Native Americans (Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw and others from their home) to Indian Territory (present day Oklahoma).