The Scopes Monkey trial was a battle over the right to teach Charles Darwin's theory of evolution in Tennessee public schools. The trial was named after the mistaken belief of many creationists that Darwinists believe humans directly evolved from monkeys. The trial began in July of 1925, the case prosecuted high school coach and science teacher, John Scopes. Scopes, pushed by leaders of his community, began teaching Hunters Civic Biology. The text book was the standard Tennessee text book until it was outlawed by Governor Austin Peay. Leaders of the Dayton community wanted Scopes to teach the book in order to raise controversy and bring publicity to the barely there town. The ACLU posted an open letter in American news papers inviting someone,
There are many reasons why John Thomas Scopes’ Monkey Trial was important to Tennessee history. This was a major case for the state of Tennessee and I believe that it is very important to our history. The trial was just after World War 1 the year 1925 was very brutal for America and the Scopes Trial made it no better. We were recovering from World War 1 when Scopes was arrested and prosecuted for something he did in his own classroom. He didn’t think that he should have to run his classroom like the government wanted him to.
Urban vs Rural Scopes Trial The 1920’s can be characterized as a clash between the traditional and the modern. One of the biggest moments where urban vs rural was tested was in the scopes trial or “monkey trial”. The scopes trial involved a substitute teacher, John Scopes, who was accused of violating the Butler Act, which had made it unlawful to teach evolution in any state-funded school in Tennessee. This is where urban vs rural had huge conflict, this teacher who was considered modern for teaching his theory of humanity to a traditionalist school.
It was the roaring twenties! Money was being made and people were enjoying life. All was well in the United States, including Dayton, Tennessee. It was smooth sailing in the volunteer state until July 21, 1925 when John Scopes, a substitute teacher, was convicted of illegally teaching his high school students the idea of evolution. This sparked up a huge controversy between modern science and religious beliefs.
The court case Roper v. Simmons was a case that questioned whether or not the execution of a juvenile violated the Constitution. This case began in 2002 and was appealed and decided in 2005. This was a Missouri case that involved Christopher Simmons, who at the time was only seventeen years old. As a punishment for a crime that he committed, Simmons was given the death penalty. Simmons tried many times to appeal his case and avoid being executed.
Dayton, Tennessee July 1925, The State of Tennessee vs. John Thomas Scopes. One of the most publicized trials in American history that held a great impact on the argument between fundamentalists and modernists. The Scopes Trial is still one of the most significant trials in American history. It was actually a case that had a broader importance, rather than a case about evolution in schools and the case has left a lasting impression on America. The State of Tennessee vs. John Thomas Scopes took place in the hot summer of 1925 Dayton, Tennessee and featured the likes of John Scopes, Clarence Darrow, and William Jennings Bryan.
This event would be known as the Scopes Trial, after the last name of the defendant John Thomas Scopes. It began when John Scopes was accused of violating the Tennessee Butler Act which outlawed the teachings of evolution to school children. The trial was mainly seen as a publicity stunt for the town of Dayton and the surrounding county. Things really heated up when William Jennings Bryan, an important democratic figure, offered to head the prosecution. Clarence Darrow, one of the most famous defense attorneys of his time, would soon follow after seeing his long time rival Bryan join.
The Scopes Trial took place in Tennessee, and the defendants name was John T. Scopes. He challenged the law for the American Civil Liberties Union, and so he taught evolution in the classroom. The trial was broadcast throughout the entire nation, to people curious about evolution, and it was the first trial to be broadcasted. The battle between the prosecuting attorney and defense attorney was great, as William Jennings Bryan was questioned in detail by defense attorney Clarence Darrow.
The debate on the “Scopes Trial” was another conflicting issues happened during the 1920’s. The “Scopes Trial” occurred on John Scopes who was a high school teacher of Dayton, Tennessee. John Scopes was charged with illegally teaching the theory of evolution. When the trial took place in 1925, William Jennings Bryan was among those who were against Scopes and wanted to ban the teaching of evolution throughout the nation. William Jennings Bryan, who was a Fundamentalist of old-time religion, believed God was powerful and the Bible should be taken literally.
Scopes's involvement in the so-called Scopes Monkey Trial came about after the American Civil Liberties Union announced that it would finance a test case challenging the constitutionality of the Butler Act if they could find a Tennessee teacher who was willing to act as a defendant. John Thomas Scopes was this defendant. The prosecutor for the trial pointed out that while the Butler Act prohibited
Racial Injustices Racism in the 1930’s served as an injustice to blacks that were convicted of crimes. In the time periods of the book To Kill a Mockingbird by Harper Lee, and The Scottsboro Boys trial, discrimination in Alabama was atrocious, and racial injustice was seen throughout this time period. The Scottsboro trial shows how discrimination played a large role in Alabama during the 1930’s. This influenced Harper Lee’s to write about the Tom Robinson case. In many ways, the Scottsboro trials were more similar to the Tom Robinson case, but at some points had differences.
In some schools, To Kill a Mockingbird is mandatory for students to read (“Harper Lee dies at 89: A quiet life, a lasting legacy-- see the photos” 2) however, in others it is banned. Jon Stewart said there is a “gaping racial wound that will not heal, yet we pretend doesn’t exist” (Judith 2). There are similarities between the famous Scottsboro Trials and Harper Lee’s To Kill a Mockingbird.
Because the jury did not favor black men, Tom Robinson did not receive a fair trial, although Atticus made a great case. Segregation directly disobeys the fourteenth amendment, “No state shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States.” Maycomb Alabama is where the story, To Kill a Mockingbird takes place. Tom Robinson’s trial out come was not based on factual evidence. Mayella was lying to the jury, while Tom was completely innocent.
The Scopes Trial, often referred to as the Monkey Trail centered in Dayton, Tennessee involved a young science teacher by the name of Thomas Scopes. Scopes was indicted of violating the Tennessee law of teaching evolution. By July 10th, 1925 the Scopes Trial spread throughout the nation making it a nationwide event that unexpectedly changed America. Scopes Trial's short term effects led to the importance of a small town's involvement in developing American history. The trial took place in a small town by the name of Dayton, Tennessee which was later referred to as Monkey Town.
The trial was symbolic, more than just a conviction" (Media 1). John Scopes overcame the fact that, even though he broke the law he still made a difference in the world's education. He also overcame people's judgments by standing up for what he believed to be right whether he actually taught evolution in the first place. Scopes even wrote a book all about his life including the "Monkey Trial" called Center of the Storm (Editors 2). Scopes wasn't sure how to explain his thoughts about the trial situation, but in a speech of William Jennings Bryan illustrated what he felt.