When using this method it is important to understand the problems and highlight the main problematic issues which a person maybe suffering from. It is important to look at statements which may be used when working in a task centred way such as that of Marsh and Doel, (2005), which says that social workers need to be respectful of individuals needs with the problems which they face, no matter if they are in the past or the present. For example if the problem is in the past the in individual client would need to move the problem to the present so that they are able to deal with the effects of the issues within the task cantered
Is every life a precarious one? If not, how are these levels of precarity distributed? “To be a body is to be exposed to social crafting and form, and this is what makes the ontology of the body a social ontology. In other words, the body is exposed to socially and politically articulated forces as well as to claims of sociality.” (Butler, 2009:3) In Butler’s words, “one way of managing populations is to distribute vulnerability unequally in such a way that vulnerable populations are established within discourse and policy.” (Butler, 2013:171). This precariousness is therefore a category imposed and distributed unequally among populations.
This is so because intersectionality theory has highlighted the need to consider other multiple axes of social categories such as age, gender, ability, class, and so on when doing feminist studies as these social categories can serve in producing the lived experiences of an individual. Moreover, intersectionality in feminist geography calls for a reengagement with questions of structural inequalities and power (Valentine 2007, 19). Considering that intersectionality is not primarily about identities, Crenshaw (1991) stresses that intersectionality is about how structures make certain identities, the consequence of the vehicle for vulnerability. Therefore, it is crucial for human feminist geographers to be able to see the context of the discrimination as in what kind of discrimination is at play, what are the policies, the institutional structures that play a role in contributing to the exclusion of some others and not
This may be related to limited time in which a choice as to be made. Ethical decision making is a core part of the work of social work and human service practitioners, who confront with regularity dilemmas of duty of care; confidentiality, privacy and disclosure; choice and autonomy; and distribution of increasingly scarce resources. The ETHIC model framework was developed by E.P. Congress to take into consideration social work values, the NASW Code of Ethics, and social work professional contexts the first step in the ETHIC model is to examine relevant personal, societal, agency and professional values. Social work professionals should identify all the different values that impinge on their worldviews—their own personal values, the agency in which they operate, the client’s values and belief systems, and the discipline’s values.
Freud’s mechanism of projection shows that characters such as Nel and Sula use scapegoating to release their undesirable characteristics onto others. Displacement, shows how the community scapegoat Sula in order to use a more feasible target to alleviate themselves and their self-esteems from aggravations. Furthermore, the Social Identity Theory shows how Sula’s threat to the community’s norms and identity leads to her becoming vulnerable to outgroup scapegoating and, lastly, the Social Identity Theory also shows how the community use scapegoating as a means to uplift their status and
Defensiveness, aggressiveness, self-alienation or such separatist behavior is expected (Ritzer and Goodman 2008). Thus, a social scientist can construct a stage or phases development of a person’s behavior forecast on that basis. The prediction, in turn, can be used in the control of such behavior. Events and experience shape the eventual behavior
Social norms have been used as a way for society to get individuals to conform to what it sees as correct behavior. These correct behaviors are taught and adopted through several interactions one being social control. Social control is the positive or negative reaction that one gets as a result of performing a behavior that either deviates or confirms to social norms. Two types of social norms, descriptive and prescriptive, have been seen to have an influence on social control. Thus, the researchers in this article sought to study how norms influence social control.
Cognitive theory focuses on the relationship between thoughts, feelings, and behaviors. Social workers assist clients in identifying patterns of irrational and self-destructive thoughts and behaviors that influence emotions. Cognitive theory allows social workers to assess the client’s schemata, identify any dysfunctional thought patterns, and consider the evidence supporting a client’s belief in order to clients to adjust their process to better facilitate the attainment of goals and experience more positive emotions (Hutchison, 2013. P. 119). On the other hand, cognitive therapy cannot encourage clients to rationalize their problems with negative thoughts and irrational thinking due to oppressive external circumstances.
In which we had to think carefully and cohesively about the characters and their backgrounds. Although Harper Lee proves the point that social prejudice was a highly regarded prejudice. Harper Lees’ novel helps us to become more aware of prejudicial situations that occurred in the
According to the National Alliance of Social Workers (NASW), social justice is one of the primary ethics which social workers must uphold. Empowerment is a social work theory rooted in social justice, with a main goal of reducing social inequalities through community building and redistribution of access to power. The basic premise of empowerment is "to change the environment, change yourself" (Van Wormer & Besthorn, pg. 212). However, in order to change one 's environment or self, there must be options available and opportunities for individuals to have control over their own decisions.
Occupational Therapists (OT) need to be aware of cultural and societal factors that impact habits. They need to anticipate psychosocial results due to disability, identify a client’s roles and habits that may be impacted and consider a client- centered approach with their rehabilitation goals. Life
More specifically, by using the two theories together, both the complexities of an individual’s relation with the structural systems of oppression and power can be uncovered, and their personal experience with oppression and power in relation to their unique social interactions and experiences can be understood. Consequently, using intersectionality and life course theory is useful in informing my social work practice in challenging oppression and inequality. The use of intersectionality is crucial in challenging oppression and inequality, as it tackles it from an institutional level. Jones (2000) describes how it is first important to address “instructional racism”, to tackle “personally mediated” and “internalized racism” (pp. 1212 &1213).
Assessment is when a practitioner contains a rough image of their clients ' strenghths and needs. Also, assessment gathers information to determine the problem(s) viewed from micro, mezzo, or macro. Planning lists what a social worker should do. Implementation is when both client and
Lastly, a highly contested debate between social constructionists begins with provocative critiquing. To have a triumphant subjectivist reasoning for social problems, it is argued that, since a subjectivists analyzation is in fact a claims-making activity itself, therefore it incorporates a particular amount relativism and theoretical errors: Subjectivists invoke social constructionists theories about the situational under study but juxtaposes their claims as objective
Stakeholders are considered as valuable, because they have an affect or have an effect on prevention. In order for stakeholders to get involve, it is important to include action research so that they have an ideal of construction effective explanation to the issue being researched (Stringer, 2007). Furthermore, there are different stakeholders to involve in homelessness, because they can help create results to issue. Lasker and Weiss (2003) claim individuals that reside in a democratic societies can voice their issues that affect communities. According to Bert, Pearson, Montgomery, and McDonald (2005), tertiary has two important stakeholder, which include the public and government agencies.