It is considered here the unbalanced power, occupation, race, teaching in schools, etc. In this topic, I will more likely emphasize the social classes which causes inequality to the society and poverty. Social classes are set or groups of people in the society in which category they belong such as upper class, middle class and lower class. What made social inequality exist? One reason is the poverty that comprises of the lower class.
Social exclusion is a much broader concept than poverty but it does encompass it. It focuses on what factors prevents an individual from having the same opportunity given to the majority of the community. In India even though the caste system was abolished in the 1950’s it is yet hard to get rid of the age old system that segregates the society groups such as the Adivasi’s and davits aka untouchables or even out caste are considered to be the lowest in the caste system and are excluded in many spheres of life. This I believe in some way creates an artificial poverty line which divides people based on caste, gender and religion. Birth would decide their occupation and their economic fate.
The weaker section of society like scheduled castes and scheduled tribes are vulnerable and marginalized because in the past they have been institutionally deprived of access to the resources because of various stereotypes and prejudices. The gross injustice has been inflicted on these sections by the society. Thus, the corrective actions to mitigate inequality should come from the society and the representatives of the society. Therefore, the civil servants should be sensitive to the cause of this section of the
In ancient times the great saints like Dnyaneshwar suffered from the social exclusion because of the orthodox beliefs of the people. The same examples were observed in many parts of the world. The great social workers like Martin Luther King had devoted their lives for the cause of the upliftment the downtrodden people, and the people suffering from racial discrimination. People on a large scale are suffering from some or the other kind of social exclusion. Such exclusion is observed at various levels, and in different layers of the society.
It is their own cultural traditions that lead to the tragedy. However, the theme within the novel is of the people oppressed by the colonisation of India especially by England, and how a society is consumed with prejudices based on class or caste and colour that begin to turn on itself, and devalues their own people, culture and heritage. The Kochamma family lived, worked and played together. They didn’t had much communication with each other and nor do they comfort each other or attempt to understand one another which made their family to go through the greatest downfall. Colonisation plays a role in how people begin to perceive each other and India as a whole; as well as it lays the foundation for the sense of worthlessness each member of the family feels at different times.
The aim of the paper is to show how Dalit women suffer from triple or threefold marginalization, as they unlike Dalit men are not only oppressed because of their caste and class (poverty) but are also victims of patriarchy and therefore have intersectional identities. The paper would also examine the three texts−Karukku (1992), Sangati (1994) and Vanmam (2002), through Spivak’s idea of the ‘subaltern’ to show how Dalit women suffer the worst kind of marginalization (and oppression) and are “dalits among the dalits” (Narayankar, 3). It would discuss Bama’s writing as a contribution to Tamil Dalit Feminist literature and how she through her writing also contributes to Dalit Feminist Movement, which unlike mainstream Feminist movements (dominated
Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak explains the subaltern’s emotion in her most famous essay, Can the Subaltern Speak? (1985); the subaltern cannot speak until their conditions may not be historically improved. In literature subaltern is a post-colonial concept which means the term generally used to explain the people who belonging to the lower caste, class, weak sex and economically poor groups in the society. Due to the domination and superiority of upper class communities, the subaltern classes were compelled to do menial jobs like cleaning human excrements, sweeping roads,
He lives in old rural India where caste system has its roots and where majority of the people follow the caste system. Bakha was a part of the lower cast in Hinduism who are treated worst than animals by the upper caste in the society. The upper caste treats the lower caste as ruthless as possible. People from the upper caste not only treat the lower caste people like Bakha bad physically but also mentally, they consider the lower caste people so filthy and soiled that they treat them as untouchables in the society. The presence of untouchables in the society describes the disparaging situation of the society itself.
According to him social exclusion chiefly referred to the helplessness of our society to keep all groups and individuals within reach of what we expect as society to understand their full potential. Marginalization of certain groups or classes occurred in most societies including developed countries and maybe it is more marked in underdeveloped countries. In the Indian context, caste may be considered largely as a proxy for socio-economic status and poverty. In the identification of the poor,