Socrates Vs Plato

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The book starts out with Socrates and Glaucon heading home from a festival. While on their way home they are interrupted by a group of their friends who eventually convince them to come hang out with them for a while. Once they arrived at the house, Socrates sees his old friend Cephalous, who is Polermarchus father. The two starting catching up and eventually started talking about being old. As their conversation continues it starts changing subjects from being old to what justice really is and means, which is what leads to the whole topic of the book. Polermarchus suggest that justice is “doing good to your friends and harm to your enemies.” At first his statement was considered, until they starting discussing it more and its faults became apparent. After arguing it even more Socrates came to a conclusion that “justice is the excellence of the soul.” …show more content…

According to Plato, an ideal society consists of three main classes of people. The producers (farmers, craftsmen, etc.), auxiliaries (warriors), and guardians (rulers). He believes that a society is just when relations between these three classes are right. In order for a society to function peacefully, each group must preform its appropriate function; such as rulers ruling, auxiliaries upholding ruler’s convictions and producers making supplies for the better of the people. In order to maintain justice, each person must fulfill their societal

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