His body parts transformed into the world’s elements, and the God’s Agni, Vayu, and Indra. Also, the four division of society based upon differences of large amount of money and possessions, rank, or occupation of Hindu society were created from his body; the priests who perform ceremonies in some religions, warriors that fights in battles, general populace, and the servants who did the household. Historically later, the group of three closely related persons of Brahma, Vishnu, and Shiva gained prominence. Brahma appears in a lotus sprouting from the raised area in the middle of a sleeping Vishnu. Brahma creates the universe, which lasts for one of his days, or 4.32 billion years ago from now.
These tales form the basis of various religious beliefs and practices since it is perceived that it is through the interactions of the gods that humans came into existence, a situation which created the dependent relationship between mortals and gods. Through these tales, the explanation of human nature and behaviour is explained leading to a greater understanding of the origin of such human acts. This essay will examine the different relationships which exist in the myths of Greece between the gods and the mortals as well as the events related to them. Greek mythology highlights the difference between humans and the gods based on the powers they both have. The gods are portrayed as beings with supernatural powers over the different aspects of nature which they have control over.
Little is known about the religious beliefs in Prehistoric times but there is a possibility they worshipped a female goddess and figurines found may have been ritual objects. Prehistoric people may have also practiced animism. Unlike other civilizations the people of Ancient Israel followed a bible, the Hebrew bible. Israelites transitioned to the worship of one single god instead of multiple gods, choosing the male deity named Yahweh. Men in ancient Israel were always dominant in religion, although women participated in harvest dances, puberty rites, childbirth and domestic rituals, these activities were thought to only welcome women.
According to the culture and religion of the people, the existence of everything can be classified as either good or bad. There are the holy people who are supernatural, and the people that reside on the earth’s surface are two different entities. The holy people through circumstances made their entry into the world and thereby came the first man and woman and they are the first ancestors of all men on earth. Thy provided the earth with all that is needed for survival and then moved to exist in a different realm of the earth that is said to be above the earth. It is, however, to be noted that they are interested in the happenings of the world and the people that inhabit the earth’s surface.
1.1 Introduction Myths, Legends and Lores have been around since time immemorial. Be it through oral form of storytelling or written form, the concept of a God or a higher being has persisted through the years. The Greeks and the Romans were no strangers to this concept. They too had, not only a wide but also a diverse variety of gods all with supernatural strengths and traits particular to their area of proficiency. Though the years may have passed or the civilizations may have eroded, it is these characters and their extraordinary characteristics that have endured till today.
The relationships between the Greek gods and mortals have always been complicated. The gods can be generous and supportive, but also harsh and destructive towards the humans. They claim to be all powerful beings with unlimited power and influence, but in truth, they are far more human than they are perceived. They meddle with human lives, not because they are wise, but because of their own selfish reasons. In Homer’s The Odyssey, gods like Athena and Poseidon interfere with humans to satisfy their own desires, showing that they are just as imperfect and flawed as the mortals that they rule over.
The Greek religion is not an independent sphere of life but interweaved in the fabric of society. It touches every aspect of Greek life like agriculture, social interaction, politics, art and architecture and entertainment. The sanctuaries are a place where these elements manifest in the form of various cult practices held to worship and connect with the divine through life sacrifice, dedication of objects, libation, prayer, consultation of oracles, art, drama, festivals and games. The existence of the sanctuary clearly shows that worship was just not a private experience but a social celebration of the divine. Sanctuaries created a sense of unity among people as they were places where people got together and in the process created an identity
In this section, Dr. Riley declares this to be the origin of the concept of the Christian god, rather than it deriving from the religions of the Near East. Scientific advancements changed how those in ancient Greece viewed the cosmos. The new idea of the cosmos changed how humans viewed their place within the world and how the gods, or at this point, God, fit into it. To summarize this lengthy section of the book, the new idea of the cosmos could not logically allow for multiple gods. There was only one God- an infinite, bodiless, and spiritual entity that encompassed the cosmos, which existed to serve him.
The ancients trusted their wisdom in making decisions during untimely situations and their strength and protection in times of war. The gods are not perfect, like any father, as they have their human qualities and were portrayed as the humans themselves by the authors of these myths to help show how the people interacted with each other and how they thought. Much like today in the Christian faith how God is looked to for guidance, protection, and strength. The difference is God is perfect and divine and will not make a mistake in his plan for our salvation. He is the ultimate father for us all and even sacrificed his only son , Jesus Christ, to become an infant with all the human qualities, except sin, and die on a cross to pay our debt for our sins, which is the ultimate sign of His fatherly love for us