In Jonathan Kozol’s “Still Separate, Still Unequal: America’s Educational Apartheid” he explains that the difference between the low class schools and the urban class schools inequality by the lack of importance, the low funds, and the segregation. Kozol admits that no effort is put into the minority public schools that are isolated and deeply segregated. “At a middle school named for Dr. King in Boston, black and Hispanic children make up 98 percent of the enrollment”(Kozol 349). The schools that are named after Civil Rights leaders shows no proof of what these people were trying to succeed. Kozol comments on the extremely low funds in these minority schools.
Throughout Jonathan Kozol’s essay “Still Separate, Still Unequal: America’s Educational Apartheid” (347) and “Why Are All the Black Kids Sitting Together in the Cafeteria?” (374) by Beverly Tatum, both Kozol and Tatum discuss racial issues in the educational system. Kozol and Tatum explain racial issues by presenting two different instances that racial issues have played a roles. These two instances being visiting different public schools by Kozol and noticing the cafeteria segregation by Tatum. Using their own personal experiences, their arguments essentially come to similar conclusions, so by comparing their essays, the most significant problems are brought to the table.
Based on the children in the sample, 1338 (38%) attended high minority schools. Students attending high versus low minority schools varied in several ways . Black students were 2.6 times more probable to attend a high-minority than a low-minority school (Fram, Miller-Cribbs, & Horn, 2005). Children with single parents disproportionately attended high-minority schools, as do children whose mother became pregnant while a teenager. Children in high minority schools also had mothers with lower levels of education, and lived in households with lower socio-economic status.
Savage Inequalities Book Review Savage Inequalities by Jonathan Kozol is an in-depth analysis of America’s public school system and the problems that encompass it. Kozol’s book examines some of the poorest public schools in the United States and attempts to explain how the school or school district plummeted so far into the depths of poverty. Kozol believes that the biggest problem public school faces is segregation, which is still very real in many parts of the United States. Racism and a lackadaisical attitude toward the education of minority groups in America are the roots of the problems that public schools face.
Education Reality in America “All systems of the society are meant to serve the mind, not the mind to serve the systems,” by Abhijit Naskar. The Rhetorical situation in the essay “Still Separate, Still Unequal: America’s Educational Apartheid” by Jonathan Kozol happens to be the differences in school systems by ethnicity rates. It is interpreted by the speaker that minority races are shown by the government they are not equally important because they have a lack of funding, old school buildings, and only are introduced to the races they see every day unlike the white schools who are introduced to various ethnic groups. The readers would refer to the speaker as passionate about the government making an effort to fix the school
Though Kozol’s article is not based solely on numbers and data as much as it is on his emotional experiences, he still includes the percentages of public school enrollment in specific areas. He introduces his article by listing all those numbers “to convey how deeply isolated children in the poorest and most segregated sections of [those] cities have become” even with those types of statistics listed (Kozol 348). In Chicago, with “87 percent of public school enrollment [being] black or Hispanic” students of these minorities are still isolated and segregated. (Kozol 348). White families send their children to distant schools over schools where the majority are of blacks and Hispanics, which leaves all the blacks and Hispanics crowded at one school with a poor schooling
Louis alone are certainly alarming, I am most dismayed by the responses of the children from Morris High. It is evident that the children at Morris High do not fully understand the implications of racial inequality, nor do they regard the immense suffering of children in schools like those in East St. Louis. However, if I were a young white girl from a high class family attending Morris high, I too might have the same outlook. I likely would have been taught to acknowledge the inequalities faced by the minority, but would not have been taught the privileges I have experience for being white. If I were suddenly to start attending East St. Louis schools, however, the inequalities faced by my new peers would become much more apparent.
Michie’s “Holler If You Hear Me” and Kozol’s “Still Separate Still Unequal” are quite alike, considering they both discuss south side Chicago schools. However, the differences between the two texts far outweigh the similarities. Although there are a few similarities, such as both authors discussing and calling out the issues of segregation in their texts, there are many differences, such as Michie’s work being a narrative while Kozol’s is not and only contains anecdotes. In addition, Michie focuses on the experiences and opinions of students, instead of also discussing the physical state of inner-city schools or the strategies of teachers.
They share same the same calamities – the mud, the hail, the weevils.” (Kilpatrick,29) These things are hard to imagine before the brown v. board of education, but it shows that the case is a huge step to connect all people together. Furthermore, even the case help the situation of segregation becomes better. It does not mean there does not have segregation anymore, but it still exists even in today.
INTRODUCTION “We conclude that in the field of public education the doctrine of ‘separate but equal’ has no place.” -Chief Justice Earl Warren Separate But Equal, directed by George Stevens Jr, is an American made-for-television movie that is based on the landmark Brown v. Board of Directors case of the U.S. Supreme court which established that segregation of primary schools based on race, as dictated by the ‘Separate but Equal’ doctrine, was unconstitutional based on the reinterpretation of the 14th amendment and thus, put an end to state-sponsored segregation in the US. Aims and Objectives:
As a result, we had in 2011 nearly half (48.1%) of all Dane County’s Black third graders failed to meet proficiency standards in reading, compared to 10.9% of White third graders. In other words, Dane County Black third graders were 4.4 times more likely NOT to be proficient in reading than their White peers. In other words, because of this large difference between rich and poor property taxes payment, rich communities receive more school funding and give great opportunities to their children to have higher quality education than poor communities. In “School funding inequality makes education separate and unequal”, Klein Rebecca (2015)
These students don’t get equal opportunities as those students attending elite schools. Authors Toni Cade Bambara and Jonathon Kozol have written vivid examples on how working class students have been impacted by segregation in school. Working class schools
“Public schools were always separate and almost always vastly unequal” (Bell 12). In Georgia, the state spent about $43 per White student while only spending $10 per Black student. Thus, funding for White and Black students were extremely incompatible (“Segregation” 2007 para. #16).
In this excerpt from the 2005 nonfiction work, Shame of the Nation, Jonathan Kozol calls out the extreme disparity in regards to standardized testing between white and minority children(which in turn affects dropout rates and affirmative action effectiveness), and elucidates how government-issued standards are not effectively combating the educational conditions in minority-heavy public schools. By utilizing his considerable experience in educational fields, Kozol’s writing appeals dominantly to ethos, in which he carries out by judging educational conditions according to his own life experience and standards. Kozol also subordinately appeals to pathos, through personal anecdotal evidence. To solidify his claims, Kozol also uses extensive data
Brittney Foster SOCY 423 UMUC 03/01/2018 Racial integration of schools Racial integration is a situation whereby people of all races come together to achieve a common goal and hence making a unified system. Racial integration of schools is well elaborated in the two articles by Pettigrew and Kirp. These two articles say that combination in the American schools since 1954 has unceremoniously ushered out the Brown versus Board of Education which was a decision made by the Supreme Court. The topic of discussion of these two articles hence is relevant to our course since it gives us the light of how racial desegregation and racial integration shaped America’s history.