While seeing our neighbors to the west, suffering from incessant oppression and unmitigated tyranny, it is the obligation of this nation to ensure no tyranny can take root. However, at the same time, the government must obtain certain, limited, functions in order to ensure mutual safety, cooperation, and representation. It is evident that the Articles of Confederation lack the necessary tools to impose and regulate such tasks. At this time, it has become clear that it would be advantageous to propose a new set of laws, consistent with the nation’s philosophy, while ensuring the nation’s strength. The first weakness in the Articles of Confederation was the lack of economic leverage. While realizing that the federal government should have limits …show more content…
In order to pass a law, there needs to be consent from nine out of the thirteen states, a threshold that is too high (Confed. art. X). The Constitution recognizes this, yet also recognizes the notion that laws should not change too frequently. As a result, in order to pass a law in the Constitution, a simple majority is required from both houses of the congress, while also receiving a signature from the president (US Const. art. I, sec. 5). Moreover, in order to amend the Articles, it uses unanimous consent from the representatives of the states, a threshold that is unattainable while not allowing the people or the legislatures of the states to have a say in the amendment process (Confed. art. XIII). As a result, the Constitution formulates two methods to amend itself. Firstly, a two-thirds super majority by both the house and the senate, while also getting ratified by three-fourths of the states (US Const. art. V). Secondly, if the federal government were to become tyrannical, the Constitution adds a prevision that the Articles simply do not formulate (US Const. art. V). That is, if two-thirds of the states agree to hold a Constitutional convention, upon ratification from three-fouurths of the states, the Constitutional provisions can be adopted, thus bypassing the federal government completely. Other than the notable exception of the Northwest Ordinance of 1787, the congress of confederation was not able to pass any comprehensive laws (Northwest Ordinance). As a result, the adoption of the Constitution of the United States is of the upmost
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In the early years, after winning independence from Great Britain, the American colonies set up their government in accordance with their first constitution, the Articles of Confederation. This means that the majority of the power laid in the hands of the states and Congress, “the only institution of national authority” (Brinkley 151) at that time, had very little power. This distribution of authority was the manifestation of the American’s fear of a strong, central government. However, as time passed, more and more people came to agree that the national government was too weak and needed to be strengthened.
Cheyenne Higbie Kelli Brown Social Studies 3rd hour 03 October 2016 The United States Constitution When the Founding Fathers of the United States realized that The Articles of Confederation was weak, they soon decided to form a new Constitution. Several different ideas were proposed by people from different states. These plans were then evaluated by the committee and voted on. One of the biggest debates throughout the process of revising the Articles of Confederation was representation in the Senate for all of these states.
These authorities that the national government should have, were all up to the states to decide under the Articles. With the taking away some of the states rights in the Constitution, Anti-federalists feared that this would leave the states too weak, resulting in more problems. Under the new Constitution, many powers that were now in the government 's hands are: the power to levy and collect taxes, the power to regulate interstate commerce, the government set up a national court system consisting of district, circuit, and a supreme court, the government could enforce laws, there was now a house based on population, and a senate based on equal representation (two votes per state), to amend the Constitution, a ⅔ vote of Congress was needed, and a ¾ vote of the states were needed, and a majority rule was needed to pass bills. These new powers and abilities of the national government helped to create a strong, new
The move from the Articles of Confederation to the United States Constitution wasn't a consistent one, and settling the issues of the Articles of Confederation required a progression of protracted level-headed discussions both amid and after the convention. In any case, one thing was sure, something must be changed. Fifty-Five Delegates met at the Constitutional Convention of 1787 to decide how best to change the current archive. The ratification of the constitution was very important to the states and I would vote to adopt the it. The constitution enabled and built up the Federal Government.
Alexander Hamiltion had wrote The Federalist 21 to express the weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation. The Federalist 21 talks about many weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation. The specific weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation according to The Federalsit 21 included the following, the first weakness is the inability of the government to enforce its legistation. The government could pass laws but could not force the laws on the states. States could choice to disregard the laws without conquences from the government.
To make any laws, a lot of the states had to vote in favor and there had to be a unanimous vote to amend it. As a result, there were no amendments passed. The Constitution, on the other hand, has a much
Following the Revolutionary War, America had just gained independance from Great Britain and needed to form a new government. The Articles of Confederation were established as an attempt to create a government that was unlike Britain’s. Unfortunately, the Articles of Confederation had several weaknesses. When in the process of repairing those weaknesses, the Federalists and the Anti-federalists formed. The Articles of Confederation were very weak as well as useless to America and because of this, the Federalists and the Anti-Federalists could not agree on a new type of government.
Ratification DBQ The Constitution is a document that still stands as America’s governing body, proving its strength and ability to stand the test of time. Although some aspects of the document are debated and the argument of what is and what is not constitutional is discussed often, it has proven to be right for America and its people. However, in the late 1700s, not everyone saw the Constitution as strong and supported its state-power-heavy predecessor, The Articles of Confederation.
The Articles of Confederation was written when the United States was a fairly new country, and from the people wanting to create a different government from the king of England. Although this document respected individual rights, it was too loose of a document that could drive the country to success. After revising what they had created, the founding father of the us the created the us constitution. It was more strict, but still valued peoples rights.
The ratification of the constitution first needed to be approve of two thirds of the thirteen state governments before it became accepted as the law of the land. While there certainly were people who were happy with the constitution there are also many who were suspicious of it. Those people who were afraid was because of a strong powerful federal government. To kind of ease people’s fears and to state what it was all about they wrote a series of essays that are known as the Federalist papers.
The Articles of Confederation was an agreement among the thirteen original states of the United States that served as the first constitution. The Articles had first been introduced by Richard Henry Lee in the Second Continental Congress. Although the Articles of Confederation has made its contributions throughout history, the Articles, however, did not last very long and had been proven inadequate from the very start. I agree with this statement based on the examples and analysis of the Constitution I will soon provide. The Articles of Confederation were written during a time when the American people feared a strong national government.
The Articles of the Confederation was the first government constitution that the United States used, and, although there were strength like the Northwest Ordinance of 1787, there were major weaknesses of the Articles of the Confederation like the following: requiring 9 out of the 13 colonial votes from the representatives from different states to pass a law; having no executive and judicial branch; and the federal government being unable to impose tax revenue onto the states. Such flaws would eventually lead to the Constitution and the repeal of the articles, for the Constitution was a measure to fix the problems of the articles with a stronger government that allowed them to impose taxes and and implement new laws for a more effective government.
Three quarters of the total Legislatures, or three quarters of total Conventions held for this purpose, are required to ratify amendments, as both constitute the Congress. However, it is provided that amendments made will not affect the first and fourth Clauses in Section Nine of the first article, and that no state will be deprived of its equal right to Suffrage in the Senate without its Consent (Thomas Jefferson
“The accumulation of all powers… in the same hands, whether one, a few, or many… may be justly pronounced the very definition of tyranny. ”-James Madison. Fifty-five delegates, from the thirteen states, met in Philadelphia in May of 1787 to discuss and revise the Articles of Confederation. The chief executive and the representatives worked to create a frame for what is now our Constitution. The Constitution guarded against tyranny in four ways; Federalism that creates a State and Federal government, Separation of Powers that gives equal power to the three branches, Checks and Balances that create balance in the three branches by checking each other and being checked and the Small States vs the Big States ensures an equal voice for all states no matter what their size.