Discussion Board #2
The first sourced used is a Times-Warner documentary about the cold war, which was produced by Ted Turner in 1998. This video series was in collaboration with BBC. The whole series was broken into 24 45 minute video clips. Each clip highlights on a specific aspect from the cold war, ours focusing on The Marshall Plan, Berlin, and Reds. Each document features witness from these events, as well as people who have studied these events. George Kennan created a long telegram that he sent off to the State Department in 1946. The telegram, later called “Kennan Telegram”, gave his thoughts on what should be done about the war, causing controversy in the United States. This telegram caused for Kennan to become the USSR ambassador …show more content…
The communist party start to spread quickly because of people believing this is the only way to change the world for the good. To try and escape the financial difficulties and the lack of food supply in their countries the people pulled from capitalism and pushed to communism. Truman said “The free peoples of the world look to us for support in maintaining their freedoms. If we falter in our leadership, we may endanger the peace of the world - and we shall surely endanger the welfare of this nation.” (VIDEO #1 and Truman Doctrine) When Truman says this while introducing The Truman Doctrine, these words show just how serious this matter is. The United States and the Soviet Union are both being looked at as possible world powers, so what the United States does will reflect on their type of leadership and the capitalist form of government. The Truman Doctrine was made with hopes to stop the spread of Communism by the Soviet Union. In Truman's Doctrine he points out the large differences in the two types of …show more content…
He also makes connections with the freedom that Americans have and for the most part love about their country. He then shows the ugly side, the side that the Communist would force onto Greece and Turkey. The Marshall Plan was offered to all of Europe, even the Soviet Union. However the Soviet Union did would not receive all of the aid offered to the other countries, because of their leader Stalin. Stalin saw what the Truman Doctrine could cause and how it could affect communism. Vladimir Yerofeyev a Soviet Foreign Ministry quoted Stalin saying “They just want to tear the people's democracy from our sphere of influence, to win them over to infrutart them, to pull them away from the Soviet Union” This led him to send threats to other countries with hopes they would not agree with the Marshall Plan, and allow him to try and gain control over the other
Also, he decided to give Greece and Turkey $400 million in aid. The reason of this decision was that Soviet Union was expanding communist in europe. By helping Greece and Turkey, the US slowed down and retarded the expansion of the Soviet Union. After the World War II, many of the european countries
The relations between the two superpowers continued getting worse and tensions were inevitably rising in 1946. In ‘47, the U.S. took a more proactive stance against the Soviet Union. Truman was concerned that the USSR might set up communist governments in European countries that were still undergoing recovery. The same year, after seeing the Soviet attempts to influence the governments of Turkey and Greece, the Truman Doctrine was made public. The United States pledged to support all recovering nations from outside pressures and would made sure that democracy is in place.
[Document 26.3, pg. 574]. Recognizing this bias tells us that the period in which this Doctrine was created was a time to “ensure the peaceful development of nations” and to, “make possible lasting freedom and independence for all its members” (Document 26.3, pg. 574). Truman was prompted to choose this course of action under threats from other authoritarian forces. It was a way to reestablish U.S. foreign policy and to provide political and economic help from the threats on the Democratic nations. The speech came after WW2 suggesting that many nations in Europe were open to attack, and
And yet, what Reagan and all the others who have worked sleepless nights to ensure, the domestic tranquility that all deserves, the plans did not work out in the way for which they were intended. The USSR, a Communist country, bombarded Eastern Europe with their radical ideals being forced upon innocent civilians via military occupation. This ignited the Cold War, a time period for which political hostility rocked the US and the USSR lasting for 45 years. Reagan transitions into a different tone when talking about this subject. He shifts into an urgent and angry tone when he states that, “Soviet troops that came to the center of this continent did not leave when peace came.
By highlighting prominent “sins” earlier in his speech, Reagan subtly transfers the association of these sins to the Soviet Union, thereby further driving his attempt to rally the American people. Having progressed on a communistic base for years, the Soviet Union’s drive is to destroy capitalism and replace it with its own ideology- communism (“Cold War”). The Soviets intend to force these ideals upon democratic nations by the production and possession of nuclear missiles, a terrifying prospect to any country. Ronald Reagan calls the Soviet Union out in this speech; the title alone, “The Evil Empire”, condemns the Soviets as ruthless destroyers of peace and freedom. His words not only influence the American people, but also reach the hearts if the Soviets.
President Truman reflected on the importance of the United Nations and military involvement by stating, “… I believe that it must be the policy of the United States to support free peoples who are resisting attempted subjugation by armed minorities or by outside pressures…” (Document B). However, during this particular time period, America remained one of the only nations actively fighting against communism. Most European countries were subjected to financial duress caused by World War II, thus placing the burden squarely on America’s shoulders. This inexplicable lack of support not only made America relatively weaker, but also allowed communism to spread throughout areas in which they people were not even willing to fight for themselves.
This metaphor is similar to how Presidents Truman, Eisenhower, and Kennedy used the policy of containment to stop the spread of communism during the Cold War. According to Edward Ayers in American Anthem Reconstruction to the Present, the Cold War was the time of great friction between the United States and the communist Soviet Union. Americans viewed communism as if it would eventually lead to corruption, and thus have viewed
If communism took over any American State, it “would constitute a threat to the sovereignty and political independence of the American States, endangering the peace of America” (Source B). If communism reached America, war could ensue and democracy would be greatly threatened. This fear of communism fed into McCarthyism which consisted of false accusations of people as being communist. American society went into mass hysteria out of will to avoid communism. Eisenhower acknowledged this stating, “[communism] makes us act almost hysterically, and you find the hysterical reactions” (Source A).
The 4 ½ decade long clash between the U.S. and Soviet Union was dubbed “The Cold War” by Bernard Baruch because of the cold relations between the two competitive nations. The tension between the U.S. and U.S.S.R. began primarily because of the polar opposite ideologies of each nation, the U.S. being Capitalist and The Soviet Union being Communist, causing a multitude of disagreements between the two. The disputes between the two countries began during WWII when the U.S. left their Soviet allies flapping in the wind, when they refused to open a second front, which resulted in the Soviets taking a beating. The U.S. later excluded The Soviets from the Atomic bomb project, since the U.S refused to work with their scientists. The U.S was also becoming
By doing this, Truman is appealing to people 's calls to action and implicitly reminding them that this country is theirs and they are responsible for it. This helps him strengthen his argument that the nation 's collective welfare is based on the ideals of Democracy by unifying them as a nation by his use of parallel syntax in paragraph 2. Through his repetition of the phrases "not...but," in paragraph two, he was able to make a point in a more profound and appealing way to the audience that incited the American people’s call to
President Truman requested $400,000,000 to help both the Greece and Turkey to prevent them fall to the communists. In last of his speech, he re-emphasized Greece was desperate, unstable and easy broken, “The seeds of totalitarian regimes are nurtured by misery and want. They spread and grow in the evil soil of poverty and strife.” He believed the only way to prevent communism was to support other and become allies that can makes United State stronger and
After saving the nation billions of dollars, reforming social security, and practically eliminating job discrimination, President Truman created a doctrine to conduct the way the United States responded to the advance of negative political influence around the world. In addition to the opposition and dark decisions Truman was faced with in World War Two, President Truman was then forced to face a Congress that was the opposite of his executive administration. Not only did President Truman think of how his actions and decisions would effect the nation during his presidency, but also far into its future, as shown through the Truman Doctrine. Richard Neustadt explains this concept quite
Truman was the 33rd American President who served his terms in office from April 12, 1945 to January 20, 1953. One of the important accomplishments during his presidency was the Truman Doctrine. At the end of WWII, Russia was coercing European countries to fall under its sphere of influence, communism. Before and during the war, the British had been moderating this force, but after WWII Britain’s strength and affluence significantly declined. As a result of this, President Truman decided the US needed to become involved in this affair.
"But it is hard to imagine how the U.S. government could have prevented a Communist victory short of getting involved in a massive military intervention, which would have been risky, unpopular, and expensive"(Tindall 964). "The discovery of the Soviet bomb in 1949 triggered an intense reappraisal of the strategic balance of power in the world, causing Truman in 1950 to order the construction of a hydrogen bomb, a weapon far more powerful than the atomic bombs dropped on Japan, lest the Soviets make one first"(Tindall 964). The onset of the cold war the ideology drove more of the Soviet behavior. "American 's traditional commitment to democtatic capitalism, political self determination, and religious freedom conflicted with the Soviet Union 's preference for spheres of influence on its periphery, totalitarianism at home, and state mandated atheism"(Tindall 970). Kennan stressed that U.S. needed to be responses to the Soviet adventurism.
McCauley: Welcome to another exciting episode of WARFARE with your host Martin McCauley where we will dive into the large impact of the Truman Doctrine on the development of the Cold War until 1962. The Truman Doctrine was a game-changer, steering U.S. foreign policy away from isolationism towards an active resistance against the "authoritarian threat" of Soviet expansion. Joining me are two amazing historians: Gaddis, a post-revisionist, and Hobsbawm, a left-wing Marxist. Let's kick things off by discussing the large impact of the Truman Doctrine on policy. Hobsbawm, what's your take on it?