The Causes of the First World War Carmen There were quite a few causes of the first world war (WW1). The long-term causes were the militarism, alliance system, imperialism and nationalism- MAIN. The short-term cause was the fact that Austria-Hungary blamed Serbia for killing Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife. I personally think the most significant cause to WW1 is the alliance system and here, I will justify why I think like this. I think the most significant cause of WW1 was the alliance system.
The distrust throughout the countries led to treaties pledging that certain countries would defend each other, which separated the countries outside of the pledges further (Adelblue “Setting the Stage for War”). This only increased the tension, as each country began taking sides, and set the stage for the war. Eventually, Germany began to fear that the French were seeking revenge from a previous war, the Franco-Prussian War. Germany knew that France wouldn’t attack alone, so they quickly took action and formed the Triple Alliance. Germany signed a treaty with Austria-Hungary and Italy, enforcing the fact that each country was beginning to take sides (Adelblue “Setting the Stage for War”).
The Balkans was a very unstable area, and it was also known as the “sick man of Europe”. The Balkans included different nationalities such as the Serbs, Croatians and Bosnians, and each wanted independence for their country and they didn’t want to be combined and controlled together, which made it harder to rule. There were also a series of wars between the Balkans and Serbia, and as a result Serbia doubled its size. Additionally, Serbia was now determined to unite all Serbs into a “Greater Serbia”. The growing Serbia was a threat to Austria-Hungary, since it was easier for Serbia to attack Austria-Hungary after Austria-Hungary’s colonization of Bosnia-Herzegovina, which is one of the Slavic groups with Serbia.
Triggers and causes In World War I, the trigger was the assassination of Archduke Francis Ferdinand of Austria in June 1914 and the causes were militarism, imperialism, nationalism and the alliance system. In World War II, the triggers and the causes were political and economic instability in Germany after the Treaty of Versailles. The harsh conditions of the Treaty of Versailles led to the rise of power of Hitler and his alliance with Italy and Japan to oppose the Soviet Union and the Allies. As a comparison, in my opinion, World War I was more avoidable as the triggers and causes were not as sophisticated as the World War II. Conflict between In World War 1, the Central Powers (including Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Turkey) and the Allied Powers (France, Britain, Russia, Italy, Japan, and (from 1917, the U.S.) opposed each other.
There were many minority nations that wanted to establish independence and separate themselves from the mainstream, dominant society. This collective identity and unity that the nations have established caused them to form extreme nationalist ideas and revolt against the more influential people they were controlled by. The assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand happened due to the severe nationalistic feelings of the Serbs. The Serbs had always wanted to achieve sovereignty and independence from Austria-Hungary. When Franz Ferdinand announced that he will be leaving to Sarajevo to greet the townspeople on June 28, 1914, a terrorist organization called the ‘Black Hand’ had meticulously arranged an attack against Franz Ferdinand.
Rivalry between the navy and economic powers were also caused by tension between Germany and Britain. Another rivalry between the alliances was the want over the Balkan Nations, which was a rivalry between Russia and Austria-Hungary. One of the immediate causes of world war one was the assassination of Archduke Franz-Ferdinand. Archduke Franz-Ferdinand was a
World War One was a time of struggle in Europe. Many factors lead to great tensions in Europe, enlarging the need for a war. World War I was immediately precipitated by the assassination of Archduke Francis Ferdinand of Austria-Hungary by a Serbian nationalist in 1914. There were many factors that had led toward war. Most of these causes and events are classified into five main themes:
WWI began in the 1914, the outbreak of WWI was due to a number of significant factors, which included a lot of Millenarianism and Nationalism and the assassination of the Archduke Franz Ferdinand. However, the most important factors to be analysed will be the whole start of the war, which was caused through the nationalism and the militarism. Which only led up to the Assassination of the Archduke. Nationalism, was one of the biggest problems, due to the fact that every country was a nationalistic at that time. The whole nationalism started of in the early 1900, where all the european countries constituted a brutal rivalry and competition.
“The spark was the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne, in Sarajevo on 28 June 1914” (Duffy). This assassination started a chain reaction between the powers, and each country was dragged into it by the Mutual Defense Alliances. Gavrilo Princip assassinated Franz Ferdinand on June 28th, 1914. Princip was part of a Serbian nationalist group named the Black Hand. Franz Ferdinand wanted to replace the dual monarchy and create a government that Serbia would be represented with Austria and Hungary.